- William Nichol Cresswell
William Nichol Cresswell (
March 12, 1818– June 19, 1888; his middle name is sometimes also given as "Nicol [l] ") was an English painter who emigrated to Canadain 1848. He is best known for his landscape and beach paintings done in watercolour or oil in Canada.
William Nichol Cresswell was born in
Shoreditch, London. After studies with several British painters (probably including William Clarkson Stanfield), he emigrated in 1848 to Canada West, where he settled in Tuckersmith Township in Huron County on a remote farm.
Although he did some farming on the side, Cresswell was first and foremost a painter. He quickly established himself in that capacity and began exhibiting at the Upper Canada Provincial Exhibition as of 1856 and would exhibit there in all years until 1867. In 1866, he married Elizabeth R. Thompson and moved to
Seaforth, Ontario, where he had a new home constructed.
Cresswell travelled extensively in Canada: to
Georgian Bayin 1865, through Québecand New Hampshirein 1866, to Lake Nipigonin northern Ontario in 1876, and in the 1880s he visited the Maritimesand spent some time on the Gaspé Peninsula, and travelled to Grand Mananin New Brunswick.
Cresswell continued to show his work at various exhibitions in
Upper Canadaand also in London, where he won a medal at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition in 1886. In 1874 already he had been elected a member of the Ontario Society of Artists, and in 1880, he was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts.
In 1887, he fled the cold climate to southern
California, where he spent the winter. He even planned to move there permanently, but died the next summer in his home at Seaforthbefore concretizing these plans.
Work and influences
Cresswell's paintings are mostly landscape scenes in rural or even wilderness settings, animal scenes, or maritime topics showing primarily coastal scenes from the Atlantic. Especially in the latter, the influence of Stanfield—himself a noted painter of maritime scenery—has been noted by Harper.
In Canada, Cresswell began teaching the young
Robert Ford Gagenin 1863, and thirteen years later also the then sixteen years old George Agnew Reid.
* [http://www.londonmuseum.on.ca/Historical/Itinerant/cresswel.html Chronology] from the London Regional Art Gallery. URL last accessed January 12, 2005.
* [http://www.goldiproductions.com/canada_site/art/art15_cresswell.html William Nicoll Cresswell] . URL last accessed January 12, 2005.
*Harper, J. R.: " [http://collections.ic.gc.ca/bulletin/num1/harper4.html A Study of Art at the Upper Canada Provincial Exhibitions: Ontario Painters 1846-1867] ", National Gallery of Canada Bulletin 1, 1963. URL last accessed January 12, 2005.
*Varley, C.; Fair, B.: "William Nicoll Cresswell: Man from Seaforth, London, Ontario"; London Regional Art Gallery, 1986. Retrospective catalogue, 76p.
* [http://cybermuse.gallery.ca/cybermuse/search/artist_work_e.jsp?iartistid=1206 Gallery of paintings] by Cresswell at Cybermuse, the online presentation of the
National Gallery of Canada.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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