- Sisaket Province
Infobox Thai Province
name = Sisaket
thai = ศรีสะเกษ
capital = Sisaket
area = 8,840.0
arearank = 21st
population = 1,405,500
population_as_of = 2000
populationrank = 9th
density = 159
densityrank = 20th
isocode = TH-33
governor = Kongkiat Akkharaprasoetkun
governor_since = April 2007
Sisaket ( _th. ศรีสะเกษ, transliteration of
Chinese character"四色菊", literally means "Four colours chrysanthemum"), is one of the north-eastern provinces ("changwat") of Thailand. Neighboring provinces are (from west clockwise) Surin, Roi Et, Yasothon and Ubon Ratchathani. To the south it borders Oddar Meancheayand Preah Vihear of Cambodia.
The province is located in the valley of the
Mun river, a tributary of the Mekong. To the south of the province is the Dângrêk mountain chain, which also forms the boundary to Cambodia. Khao Phra Wihan National Parkcovers an area of 130 km² of the Dângrêk mountains in the southeast of the province. It was established on March 20, 1998. It is named after the Khmertemple Prasat Preah Vihear(Anglicized in Thailandas Prasat Khao Phra Wihan), located in Cambodia, which had been the issue of boundary dispute between the two countries and was thus unaccessible for most of recent history.
At the boundary survey done by France for the Franco-Siamese treaty of 1907, despite the geographical divide of
Dângrêk Mountains's watershed, the temple was left on the French ( Cambodian) side, while the boundary in other parts followed the watershed. In 1962 the dispute was officially settled by the International Court of Justice, confirming the 1907 boundary.
Due to the many ruins found in the province the area must have been an important settlement already in the times of the
Khmer empirein the 12th century. According to local tradition it was called "Sri Nakorn Lamduan" at that time, later it became known as "Khukhan". Khukhan was made a town during the reign of King Boromaratcha III. In the northern area controlled by Khukhan Lao began to settle, which in 1786 was made the separate town Sisaket dependend on Khukhan. 1904 the town Sisaket was renamed Khukhan, while the old town got the name Huai Nua. 1912 MonthonUdon Thani was created, which took over most of the administration of the area. When in 1933 the monthon were dissolved, the province Khukhan was again directly administrated from Bangkok. In 1938 the town and province was renamed to Sisaket, and the district which contained Huai Nua got back the name Khukhan.
30% of the population are of the Khmer speaking minority while the majority is of the Laotian speaking people.
The province is subdivided into 22 districts ("
Amphoe"). The districts are further subdivided into 206 subdistricts (" tambon") and 2411 villages (" muban").
"Wat Maha Buddharam. (วัดมหาพุทธาราม)" The Buddhist temple’s vihara houses ‘Luang Por To’ the sacred icon of Sisaket. Built during Khmer era over a thousand years ago, the statue was originally carved from stone and decorated later at unknown time.
"Somdet Sri Nagarin Park. (สวนสมเด็จศรีนครินทร์)" With landscape of rolling hill, the park is nourished by two streams, Huay Poon Yai and Huay Poon Noi that meet north of the park. Here is rich of ‘Lamduan’ or Lamdman Tree, making it a nice place for botanical excursion.
"Khun Ampai Panich Building. (ตึกขุนอำไพพาณิชย์)" The beautiful building belongs to Sisaket nobleman Khun Ampai Panich (In Naga-siharat). It is well renovated and preserved, and eventually won gold medal in the project of conversing urban architecture in 1987.
"Phra That Ruang Rong. (พระธาตุเรืองรอง)" The temple’s architecture is the gracefully blending of art from four ethnic groups in Lower Northeast namely Lao, Suay, Khmer, and Yer. The 6-storey Phra That or stupa is 49 metres high.
"Sra Kampaeng Noi Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทสระกำแพงน้อย)" The Khmer Ruins comprises laterite stupa and chapel with a big pond at front, all are in the embrace of laterite wall. In the 13th Cenutry, Bayon Architectural style was added. During such time, the ruins was called ‘Arokaya Sala’ to be served as community hospital.
"Sra Kampaeng Yai Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทสระกำแพงใหญ่)" It is the biggest and most perfect Khmer Ruins in the province. The Khmer Ruins comprises three stupas on the same base lining in North-South direction and facing east. It was served as shrine for God Shiva before changing into Mahayana Buddhist temple in 13th Century.
"Huay Tap Tan Khmer Ruins or Ban Prasart Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทห้วยทับทัน หรือ ปราสาทบ้านปราสาท)" It comprises 3 brick stupa on laterite base in North-South direction standing in the laterite walls with arch gates. There are carved lintel depicting the churning sea of milk lies in front of southern stupa.
"Plang Ku Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทปรางค์กู่)" Stupa of this Khmer Ruins was built from gigantic-size. In front of Plang Ku is a big pond which is home to Anatidae which gather from February onwards.
"Ban Samor Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทบ้านสมอ)" The small Khmer Ruins is located in Moo 2 Ban Tamchan, Tambon Samor. Built in the 13th Century, its stupa houses a carved statue.
"Taleng Khmer Ruins. (ปราสาทตาเล็ง)" features a single stupa standing on the base. The stupa has rectangular base facing east. Presently, only the front wall and some side walls remain.
"Wat Pa Maha Jedi Kaeo (Wat Larn Kuad). วัดป่ามหาเจดีย์แก้ว (วัดล้านขวด)" the Buddhist temple is remarkable with architectures made from million of colourful glass bottles donated by the people. All the architecture is beautiful, particularly the pavilion called ‘Sala Thansmo Maha Jedikaeo’ Ubosoth located mid of the pond.
"Tamnaksai Khmer Ruins (Tamchan Khmer Ruins) ปราสาทตำหนักไทร (ปราสาททามจาน)" has a single stupa on sandstone base. The brick stupa has rectangular shape and one real door at the east while the other three are fault doors with carved door frame on the brick
"Namtok Samrong Kiat (Namtok Pisad) น้ำตกสำโรงเกียรติ (น้ำตกปีศาจ)" Originated from Kantung Mount in Bantad Range, the medium size waterfall turns vibrant from late rainy season to winter, or September to February.
"Namtok Huay Chan (Namtok Kantrom). น้ำตกห้วยจันทร์ (น้ำตกกันทรอม)" Originated from Phu Salao Mount on Bantad Range, the waterfall cascades beautifully before meeting with Moon River. The falls is vibrant from September to Frebruary.
"Sisa Asoka. (ศีรษะอโศก)" is community model in self sufficiency, turning it back to capitalism and prefer Buddhism-devout lifestyle. Its remarkable success attracts organizations from nationwide to study its story.
"Khao Phra Viharn National Park. (อุทยานแห่งชาติเขาพระวิหาร)" The park features dry evergreen forest, mixed dipterocarp forest, and deciduous dipterocarp forest. It is home to numerous wildlife which roams between two countries such as wild hog, deer, barking deer, rabbit, squirrel, gibbon, civet.
Phra Viharn National Park features attractions and interesting activities including:
"Mor E-Dang Cliff". One of the best bird’s eye view point of Northeast, the red-colour rock cliff is situated right on Thailand-Cambodia border.
"Bas relief", carved on the red- sandstone cliff, depicts three gods in Khmer style. Khmer craftsmen probably practiced here first before the real carving at Preah Vihear Sanctuary.
"Double Stupas". Two sandstone stupas, or ‘Phra That’ for local people, in cube shape and round top are situated west or Mor E-Dang Cliff. The stupas houses things that mirror prosperity of such period.
"Don Tuan Khmer Ruins". Built during the 10th -11th Century, the Khmer Ruins in Ban Phume Sarol is located 300 metres from Thailand-Cambodia border.
"Sra Trao or Huay Trao". The stream runs through rock plain foot of Preah Vihear Mount, before running through subterranean tunnel strengthened by rock walls. It is assumed that such low land is Barai or Khmer’s reservoir.
"Namtok and Tham Khun Sri". The three-tier waterfall, above the cave, is situated west of Sra trao close to trail to Phreah Vihear. And Khun Sri Cave in gigantic size was believed once was accommodation of Khun Sri, noble man who controlled rock cutting at Sra Trao for constructing Preah Vihear Sanctuary.
"Chong Arn Ma". The border check point between Thailand and Cambodia is in Tambon Song, Amphoe Nam Yuen, Ubon Ratchathani.
"Preah Vihear Sanctuary. (ปราสาทเขาพระวิหาร)" The cliff-top Khmer sanctuary once belonged to Thailand. It was enlisted as an antique architecture by the Fine Arts Department and with announcement in the Royal Gazette on October 11, 1940. After the World Court ruling on July 15, 1962, the sanctuary belongs to Cambodia until now.
"Namtok Phu La-or. (น้ำตกภูละออ)" Situated in Phanom Dongrak Wildlife Sanctuary, Tambon Sao Thongchai, the small waterfall turns vibrant during September to February.
"Fruit Orchard of Sisaket. (เส้นทางเที่ยวชมสวนชิมผลไม้ศรีสะเกษ)" Some 5 km from Amphoe Kantaralak, on the right of highway 226 (Kantaralak-Pha Mor E-Dang) there is a 20-km (16 km on asphalt road) cutting through villages. These villages are significant fruit producers of Sisaket. Their major products include rambutan, durian, lanson, mangosteen, stink beam and rubber.
"Local products and souvenirs" Sisaket is famed for silk and cotton cloths woven in ‘Khit’ pattern, which are mainly produced in Amphoe Bung Boon and Uthumporn Pisai. Delicate basketry and wooden works such as water holder, replica cart are available on Rachakarn Rodfai Rd. Saltened egg from Amphoe Prai Bung, red onion, garlic, and preserved garlic in honey are generally available. Sisaket is also famed for its torpicla fruit. Fruit orchards in Amphoe Kantaralak always bear fruit, such as durian, rambutan, and mangsteen, from May to July. And quality of the fruit here is as good as from the east of Thailand.
"Dok Lamduan Festivals. (งานเทศกาลดอกลำดวน)" Held annually between March 15-17 at Somdet Sri Nagarin Park when lamdman trees in the park are in full bloom, The fair comprises cultural performance of four local ethnic groups namely Khmer, Suay, Lao, and Yer. Fair goer can enjoy selecting handicrafts, local products, and watching performance of Sisaket’s history.
"Sisaket’s Rambutan and Durian Fair. (งานเทศกาลเงาะทุเรียนศรีสะเกษ)" The fair is held every June at the field before Amphoe Kantaralak or Amphoe Khun Harn. Fair goer can enjoy the big sales of fruits from Sisaket such as rambutan, durian, lanson, mangosteen, stink beam and rubber, flower floats, documentary exhibition, and fruit tasting caravan.
"Half and Quarter Marathon to Mor E-Dang. (การแข่งขันวิ่งฮาล์ฟและควอเตอร์มาราธอนสู่ผามออีแดง)" Held annually on the third Sunday of December, the half and quarter marathon will start from Ban Phume Sarol to Mor E-Dang Cliff, on the way to Preah Vihear. This uphill and foggy route to the border is quite challenging route which can attracts lots of runner.
* [http://www.tourismthailand.org/destination-guide/sisaket-33-1-1.html Province page from the Tourist Authority of Thailand]
* [http://www.sisaket.go.th Website of Province] (Limited English section)
* [http://www.thailex.info/THAILEX/THAILEXENG/LEXICON/Copy%20of%20Sri%20Saket.htm Si Saket provincial map, coat of arms and postal stamp]
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