Actuator


Actuator

An actuator is a mechanical device for moving or controlling a mechanism or system.

Examples and applications

Examples include:
*Mechanics - plasma actuators, pneumatic actuators, electric actuators, motors, hydraulic cylinders, linear actuators, etc.
*Human - Muscles
*Biology - Actuator domains found in P, F and V type ATPases
*In engineering, actuators are frequently used as mechanisms to introduce motion, or to clamp an object so as to prevent motion. In electronic engineering, actuators ACTT, are a subdivision of transducers. They are devices which transform an input signal (mainly an electrical signal) into motion. Specific examples are Electrical motors, pneumatic actuators, hydraulic pistons, relays, comb drive, piezoelectric actuators, thermal bimorphs, Digital Micromirror Devices and electroactive polymers.

*Motors are mostly used when circular motions are needed, but can also be used for linear applications by transforming circular to linear motion with a bolt and screw transducer. On the other hand, some actuators are intrinsically linear, such as piezoelectric actuators.

*In virtual instrumentation actuators and sensors are the hardware complements of virtual instruments. Computer programs of virtual instruments use actuators to act upon real world objects.Magnetic Actuator

ee also

*Linear actuator
*Electric actuator
*Actuator arm
*Actuator magnet
*Air Cylinder
*Gripper
*Guided Actuator
*Muscle
*Pneumatic Actuator
*Rotary Actuator
*Switch
*Telepresence
*Haptic
*Wax thermostatic elements
*Microactuator
*End effector

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • actuator — ACTUATÓR, actuatoare, s.n. Element de acţionare (motor electric, electromagnet etc.) folosit în sistemele automate pentru executarea comenzilor. – Din engl. actuator, fr. actuateur. Trimis de ivascu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Neoficial …   Dicționar Român

  • Actuator — Ac tu*a tor, n. One who actuates, or puts into action. [R.] Melville. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • actuator — index abettor, catalyst Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • actuator —  Actuator  Актюатор   Исполнительное устройство, передающее воздействие на объект. В технике под актюатором обычно понимается преобразователь входного сигнала (электрического, оптического, механического или др.) в выходной сигнал (например, в… …   Толковый англо-русский словарь по нанотехнологии. - М.

  • actuator — A mechanical, electrical, or hydraulic device, or their combination, used to effect some predetermined linear, rotary, or oscillating movement. An actuator essentially converts hydraulic or air pressure into mechanical force. Basically, there are …   Aviation dictionary

  • actuator —    1. Part of the firing mechanism in certain automatic firearms which slides forward and back in preparing each cartridge to be fired. Also called trigger actuator.    2. A manually or mechanically operated component which transmits a certain… …   Forensic science glossary

  • actuator — vykdymo elementas statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. actuator vok. Stellglied, n rus. исполнительный элемент, m pranc. actionneur, m; élément de travail, m …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • actuator — vykdytuvas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. actuator vok. Stellglied, n rus. исполнитель, m; исполнительный орган, m pranc. actionneur, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • actuator — pavara statusas T sritis Gynyba apibrėžtis Mechanizmas, perduodantis jėgą plokštumos ar kito valdymo elemento padėčiai pakeisti. atitikmenys: angl. actuator pranc. servocommande …   NATO terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • actuator — pavara statusas T sritis informatika apibrėžtis Mechanizmas, skirtas sukimosi judesiui perduoti arba jo pobūdžiui keisti. Pvz., ↑diskų įtaiso pavara, nukreipianti disko rašymo (skaitymo) galvutę į reikiamą takelį diske (žr. pav.). Iliustraciją žr …   Enciklopedinis kompiuterijos žodynas


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