- Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick
Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick (
23 January 1382– 30 April 1439) was an English medievalnobleman and military commander.
He was born at
Salwarpein Worcestershire, the son of Thomas de Beauchamp, 12th Earl of Warwick, and Margaret, daughter of the 3rd Lord Ferrers of Groby.
Soon after reaching his majority and taking responsibility for the Earldom in 1403, he had to defend against a Welsh rebellion led by
Owain Glyndŵr. In the summer of 1404 he rode into what is today Monmouthshireat the head of a force and engaged Welsh forces at the Battle of Mynydd Cwmdu, near Tretower Castlea few miles northwest of Crickhowell– nearly capturing Owain Glyndwr himself and capturing Owain's banner, forcing the Welsh to flee down the valley of the River Uskwhere the Welsh regrouped and turned the tables on the pursuing English force, attempting an ambush and chasing them in turn to the town walls of Monmouthafter a skirmish at Craig-y-Dorth, a conical hill near Mitchel Troy.
Chivalry and Pilgrimage
He was made a
Knight of the Garterin 1403 (or possibly later, in any case by 1416).
Warwick acquired quite a reputation for chivalry, and when in 1408 he went on
pilgrimageto the Holy Land, he was challenged many times to fight in the sporting combat which was then popular. On the return trip he went through Russia and Eastern Europe, not returning to England until 1410.
Soldier of the King
Once back he was asked to serve in the retinue of the
Prince of Wales, and in 1413 was Lord High Steward at the Prince's coronation as Henry V. The next year he helped put down the Lollarduprising, and then went to Normandy. He spent much of the next decade fighting the French in the Hundred Years' War. In 1419 he was created Count of Aumale, part of the King's policy of giving out Norman titles to his nobles.
Henry V's will gave Warwick the responsibility for the education of the infant Henry VI. This duty required him to travel back and forth between England and Normandy many times. In 1437 the Royal Council deemed his duty complete, and he was appointed lieutenant of France and Normandy. He remained in France for the remaining two years of his life.
Warwick first married Elizabeth de Berkeley [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10166.htm#i101652] , daughter of Thomas de Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley and the Baroness Margaret de Lisle, by whom he had 3 daughters:
Margaret Beauchamp(d. 1468), who married John Talbot, 1st Earl of Shrewsbury, and whose great-grandson John Dudley was created Earl of Warwick and subsequently Duke of Northumberland;
* Eleanor Beauchamp, who married
Thomas de Ros, 9th Baron de Rosand then married Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset;
Elizabeth Beauchamp, who married George Nevill, 1st Baron Latymer.
Warwick then married
Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Thomas le Despenser and Constance of York. With Isabel, who was also the widow of his cousin Richard Beauchamp, 1st Earl of Worcester, his children were:
* Henry, who succeeded his father as Earl of Warwick, and later became Duke of Warwick;
* Anne Beauchamp, who was theoretically Countess of Warwick in her own right after the death of her infant niece and namesake, and who married
Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick.
Death and Burial
Richard de Beauchamp's will was made at
Caversham Castlein Oxfordshire(now Berkshire), one of his favoured residences, in 1437. Most of his property was entailed, but with a portion of the rest the will established a substantial trust. After his debts were paid the trust endowed the Collegiate Church of St Mary in Warwick, and called for the construction of a new chapel there. It also enlarged the endowment of the chantries at Elmley Castleand Guy's Cliffe, and gave a gift to Tewkesbury Abbey. [Hicks]
Beauchamp died in
Rouentwo years later, on 30 April 1439. After the completion of the chapel his body was translated there (in 1475) [Hicks] , where his magnificent gilt- bronzemonumental effigy may still be seen.
* reprinted in "Richard III and His Rivals".
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10166.htm#i101652 Peerage.com on Elizabeth de Berkeley]
* [http://www.thepeerage.com/p10742.htm#i107412 Peerage.com on Richard de Beauchamp]
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