Turkish pop music


Turkish pop music

Turkish pop music had its humble beginnings in the late 1950s with Turkish cover versions of a wide range of imported popular styles, including rock and roll, tango, and jazz. This wide collection of songs were labelled as "Hafif-batı" (light western) music and included a wide range of artists, such as Frank Sinatra to Doris Day, Nat King Cole to the Everly Brothers, from Elvis Presley to Paul Anka.

Turkish artists began to produce English language cover versions of these songs and write their own too, and the first original song of this type is credited to Erol Büyükburç in 1958 for his song "Little Lucy", [http://www.canavarlar.com/amavarlar/sorudetay.asp?name=2436&title=T%C3%BCrk%C2%A0Pop%C2%A0M%C3%BCzik%C2%A0Tarihi&k=moda Turkish pop history] ] which was released as a 10-inch single known as a "taş plak". [Thanks to Naim Dilmener's [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Turkish_pop_music&oldid=51344208 personal contribution] at this article.]

With the emergence of 7-inch (45 rpm) single records in Turkey soon after, listening and distribution of this type of media was easier and thus the sound became more popular.

1960s

's "Bak Bir Varmış Bir Yokmuş" (Look Once Upon A Time) [Translations kindly provided by Ali Yildirim.] and the foundation was set for the mergence of a new genre. The modern technique of musical arrangements was also attributed to this era, with Western songs arranged into more oriental sounding motifs for the Turkish ear.

The genre got its name in 1964 with the release of duo Tülay German and Erdem Buri's single "Yarının Şarkısı" (Tomorrow's Song). On the record's sleeve they coin the term "Turkish pop music", indicating that their product was indicative of things to come.

Musicologists document that the first original composition was released in 1967 by Paris trained Timur Selçuk, the son of famous classicist Münir Nurettin Selçuk, called "Ayrılanlar İçin" For Those Departed). The vehicle for Turkish pop was often film, and singers such as Gönül Yazar became icons of the time, though their films were rarely seen outside Turkey.

1970s - 1980s

Turkish pop music became very popular in the 1970s with female stars such as Ajda Pekkan and Sezen Aksu reaching superstar status domestically.

With her song writing talent, Aksu is credited with giving Turkish pop its unique sound, which is emulated across the Arabic countries. It was arguably this sound that changed the face of the Eurovision song contest when Sertab Erener won the Eurovision Song Contest 2003. Today Aksu is considered to be the matriarch of Turkish pop music.

The genre took a huge dip in popularity with the emergence of Arabesque music. However, with Aksu backing emerging stars such as Sertab and Tarkan in the early 1990s, Turkish pop came back from the brink. In particular, Tarkan's song Şımarık, which was both written and composed by Aksu, was a hit in Europe and Latin America in 1999.

As in the 1950s, it again took inspiration from newer styles that had emerged, such as hip hop, heavy metal and reggae.

Mainstream pop

Turkish pop music is now everywhere, whether it's the latest from Tarkan, female singer/songwriter Sezen Aksu, or the more radical sounds of the Turkish club underground, like Mercan Dede.

Interestingly, the fusion of sounds work so well that Turkish pop music does not sound as Westernised as Indian or Indonesian pop even though it does include global influences such as technological developments from the west, western harmonies grafted onto folk songs, influences from Arabic music and, of course, American-influenced rap and hip-hop from artists such as Erci-E.

Many music critics argue that the surge of Turkstar (Pop Idol) type competitions on Turkish TV has only added to the pop industry's shallow image, and is cited as the reason why underground and reactionary music is becoming more popular. [ [http://tarkandeluxe.blogspot.com/2006/02/istanbul-music-scene.html Istanbul Music Scene by Ali Yildirim] ]

Notable Performers

Individuals

*Ajda Pekkan
*Asya
*Barış Manço
*Candan Erçetin
*Cem Karaca
*Demet Akalın
*Erol Büyükburç
*Erol Evgin
*Funda Arar
*Füsun Önal
*Göksel
*Gönül Yazar
*Gülşen
*Hande Yener
*İzel
*Kenan Doğulu
*Kayahan
*Levent Yüksel
*Mustafa Sandal
*Nazan Öncel
*Neco
*Nil Karaibrahimgil
*Nilüfer
*Özgür Çevik
*Rafet El Roman
*Semiramis Pekkan
*Serdar Ortaç
*Sertab Erener
*Sezen Aksu
*Sibel Tüzün
*Tarkan
*Zerrin Özer

Groups

*Adrenalin
*Beş Yıl Önce - On Yıl Sonra
*Etnik Sentetik
*Hepsi
*Klips ve Onlar
*Mazhar-Fuat-Özkan
*Mor ve Ötesi
*Yeni Türkü

Notes

References

* [http://tarkandeluxe.blogspot.com/2004/05/turkish-music-and-artists.html#pop Turkish Music and Artists]
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0459242/ Crossing The Bridge at IMDB]
*tr icon [http://www.milliyet.com.tr/2007/09/30/pazar/yazdundar.html Can Dündar - Hey gidi günler!]
*tr icon [http://www.muzikparti.com Recent Turkish Pop Music and Artists]

Further reading

*


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