Amelia Island North Range Light


Amelia Island North Range Light

Infobox_Lighthouse


caption = The 1872 Amelia Island North Range Lighthouse
location = mouth of the St. Mary's River
coordinates =
yearlit = 1858, rebuilt 1872
automated =
yeardeactivated = 1899
foundation =
construction = wood
shape = house
height =
lens =
range =
characteristic =
The Amelia Island North Range Light was built to mark a channel over the sandbar at the mouth of the St. Mary's River, which led to the harbor at Fernandina Beach, Florida, on Amelia Island. It consisted of a lighthouse and a front range tower with a light, arranged so that when ships could see one light above the other, they were lined up with the channel. During the Civil War Confederate forces removed the lenses from the lights. Union forces seized Fernandina Beach, Fort Clinch and the lighthouse in 1862.

It is known that the front range tower was destroyed during the war. There is no record of when the lighthouse was destroyed, but a new lighthouse was built in 1872. As the channel over the sand bar shifted with time, the front range light was periodically moved to maintain an alignment with the channel. In 1887 the rear range light was moved from the lighthouse to a tramway to permit proper adjustments to be made to the alignment. The light was decommissioned in 1899 after the channel was sufficiently marked with buoys. The lighthouse was listed in a survey in 1924, but has since disappeared.

References

* [http://web.archive.org/web/20060208234113/http://users.erols.com/lthouse/ainhs.htm Florida Lighthouse Page - Amelia Island North Range Lighthouse History] - accessed January 16 2006, recovered using [http://web.archive.org/collections/web.html Wayback Machine] on January 22, 2007
* [http://www.uscg.mil/history/weblighthouses/LHFL.asp U.S. Coast Guard Historic Light Station Information - Florida] - accessed June 29 2008


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