- Chennai International Airport
Chennai International Airport
சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம்
The Chennai Airport undergoing development work IATA: MAA – ICAO: VOMM Summary Airport type Public Owner Government of India Operator Airports Authority of India Serves Chennai Metropolitan Area Location Tirusulam, Chennai (Madras) Hub for Elevation AMSL 52 ft / 16 m Coordinates Coordinates: Runways Direction Length Surface ft m 07/25 12,001 3,658 Asphalt 12/30 6,708 2,045 Asphalt/Concrete Statistics (Apr '10-Mar '11) Passenger movements 12,049,679 Airfreight movements in tonnes 249,523 Aircraft movements 124,100 Source: DAFIF
Chennai International Airport (IATA: MAA, ICAO: VOMM) (Tamil: சென்னை பன்னாட்டு வானூர்தி நிலையம் ), formerly known as Madras International Airport is located in Tirusulam, 7 km (4.3 mi) south of Chennai (Madras), India. For the financial year 2010-11, it was the third busiest airport in India in terms of both international and overall passenger traffic, which is expected to double after March 2012 when its ongoing expansion will be completed and aircraft movements increase from 27 to 50 flights per hour.
It is located along Meenambakkam and Tirusulam with passenger entry at Tirusulam and cargo entry at Meenambakkam. The International terminal is named after Former Late Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Annadurai. The domestic terminal is named after another former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu, Kamaraj. It was built on land donated by former governor of Madras Presidency, L. Sriramulu Naidu.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Modernisation and expansion
- 4 Terminals, airlines and destinations
- 5 MRO hangar facility
- 6 Transport links
- 7 Incidents and accidents
- 8 See also
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Madras (Chennai) had one of the first airports in India and was the final destination of Air India's first flight from Bombay (Mumbai) via Belgaum in 1954. The first passenger terminal was built at the northeast side of the airfield, which lies in the suburb of Meenambakkam due to which it was referred to as Meenambakkam Airport. A new terminal complex was subsequently built at Tirusulam, further south near Pallavaram to which, passenger operations were shifted. The old terminal building is now used as a cargo terminal and is the base for the Indian courier company Blue Dart.
Chennai International Airport consists of three terminals: The old terminal at Meenambakkam is used for cargo, while the new passenger terminal complex at Tirusulam is used for passenger operations. The passenger terminal complex consists of the domestic and international terminals interconnected by a link building, which houses administrative offices and a restaurant. Although the complex is one continuous structure, it was built incrementally, with the Kamaraj and Anna terminals being added in 1988 to the pre-existing Meenambakkam terminal.
The first part to be built was the international terminal which had two aerobridges (jetways), followed by the domestic terminal with three aerobridges. After the completion of the domestic terminal, the old terminal at Meenambakkam was used exclusively for cargo. Recently the international terminal was extended further south by adding a new block which includes three aerobridges. At present, the new international block is used for departures while the older building is used for arrivals.
The international and the domestic terminals cover an area of 1.5 km2 and 1.8 km2, respectively. The airport is divided into two circles, with five zones each, for administrative conveniences.
Modernisation and expansion
The Chennai Airport has been slated for modernisation and expansion. The works are to be carried out by the Airports Authority of India and include the creation of a parallel runway, taxiways, aprons and new passenger terminal buildings. The expansion works will involve the acquisition of land in nearby areas. The expansion of the existing airport would be taken up at Manapakkam, Kolapakkam, Gerugambakkam and Tharapakkam in Sriperumbudur taluk after a resolution to this effect was adopted by the government. The cabinet has handed over 1069.99 acres for the overall expansion. This includes 233.01 acres from Manapakkam, 394.91 acres from Kolapakkam, 360.84 acres from Kerukampakkam and 81.20 acres from Tharapakkam.
The government would provide suitable compensation to 947 households in these areas and also rehabilitation to them. The rehabilitation of the households would be done in the first phase of the expansion work itself.
The modernisation and restructuring is expected to cost around 2,350 crore, of which the cost of construction of the runway, taxiway and apron would be around 1,100 crore, while the cost of construction of the terminal building, cargo building, car park and face uplift would be 1,250 crore.
As part of the plan to expand the current airport, 126.59 acres of land for second runway was formally handed over to Airports Authority of India (AAI) to start with. As per the modernisation plan, the secondary runway will be built over the Adyar river by means of a bridge. The second runway will be extended by 1,400 meters length to 3445 meters and will extend across Adyar river. A bridge will be built over the river to accommodate the runway and a taxiway. This makes Chennai Airport, the only international airport in India to have a runway across the river. In Mumbai, only an end of the runway is over Mithi river. The secondary runway extension will cost around 430 crore and will be completed in 2010.
The proposed Chennai Metro Rail Project will connect the Chennai International Airport to various parts of the City. Tentatively, the project is programmed for completion in the financial year 2013-2014.
Proposed new passenger terminals
The current development projects include construction of a new domestic terminal and expansion of the current International terminal. The design is a collaborative effort of four firms. While George Hargreaves Associates has done the landscape design Gensler and Frederic Schwartz Architects are responsible for the design of the passengers terminal buildings, parking garage structures and access roadway access system. The Creative Group would be the local architects for the project. The proposed design will be connected with the existing terminal design elements. It was earlier reported that the new terminal buildings will have a handling capacity of 10 million passengers and when integrated with existing terminals will provide for a handling capacity of 23 million passengers a year. The new terminal buildings are expected to have an area of about 1,40,000 m². with 104 check-in counters, 16 aerobridge and 60 immigration counters and the two runways would be interconnected by a network of taxiways. The Terminal complex will have a Flyover Travelator connecting the Domestic Terminal and International Terminal for a distance of about 1 km. It will have an elevated road on the top and a tube below which will have two Walkalators
The design details of the runways are handled by the Airports Authority of India, while architecture firms are limited to designing buildings on the land side of the runway. The present proposal is parallel to the existing runway. The entire design as being organised around “two lush sustainable gardens” and the wing-like roofs helps collect rainwater and become part of the garden.
Proposed new integrated cargo complex
An integrated cargo complex will be built in the cargo complex of the Chennai International Airport. The complex would be constructed, at a cost of 145 crore, in 15 months. While the ground floor would measure 21,000 square metres, the first floor would be built on 12,100 square metres. The new building would be used exclusively for import activities. Once the civil works were completed, the Automatic Storage and Retrieval System would be installed. It would cost 75 crore.
New Greenfield Airport
There is a current plan of setting up of a new greenfield airport at Sriperumbudur and Tiruvallur taluks, apart from the expansion of the existing airport at Tirusulam. The greenfield airport would come up on 4,200 acres (17 km2) of land. As of now, only soil testing at the proposed location for the project has been carried out.
The existing airport is being expanded at a cost of 3,000 crore and if the proposed new airport becomes a reality, the existing airport has to be shut down. Since the Airports Authority of India has already invested this huge amount in the expansion of the existing airport, the Central and the state governments are preparing to shelve this project. There is no confirmed news on the expansion or the Greenfield Airport.
The feasibility report of the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO), which has suggested that a second airport for the city could come up on 5,000 acres at Sriperumbudur, was submitted to the State government. “The State government has to decide whether to have a second airport or to create a parallel runway at the existing airport,” he said.
Terminals, airlines and destinations
Domestic flights operate from the Kamaraj Terminal, while the Anna Terminal is for international flights. The old terminal at Meenambakkam is used for Cargo Operations.
Airlines Destinations Terminal Air Arabia Sharjah Anna Air Asia Kuala Lumpur Anna Air India Bangalore, Bhubaneswar, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mumbai, Port Blair, Thiruvananthapuram, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Air India Ahmedabad, Colombo, Delhi, Dubai, Goa, Hyderabad, Kuwait, Singapore, Muscat Anna Air India Express Abu Dhabi, Colombo, Kuala Lumpur, Mumbai, Singapore, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli Anna Air India Regional Agatti, Bangalore Kamaraj Air Mauritius Mauritius Anna British Airways London-Heathrow Anna Cathay Pacific Hong Kong Anna Emirates Dubai Anna Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi Anna Gulf Air Bahrain Anna IndiGo Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram Kamaraj Jet Airways Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Port Blair, Pune, Raipur, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Jet Airways Brussels, Colombo, Dubai, Kuala Lumpur, New York-JFK, Singapore Anna JetLite Coimbatore, Kolkata Kamaraj Kingfisher Airlines Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Khajuraho, Kochi, Kozhikode, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Mysore, Port Blair, Pune, Rajahmundry, Tiruchirapalli, Thiruvananthapuram, Tuticorin, Varanasi, Vijayawada, Visakhapatnam Kamaraj Kingfisher Airlines Colombo Anna Kuwait Airways Kuwait Anna Lufthansa Frankfurt Anna Malaysia Airlines Kuala Lumpur Anna Oman Air Muscat Anna Qatar Airways Doha Anna Saudi Arabian Airlines Dammam, Jeddah, Riyadh Anna SilkAir Singapore Anna Singapore Airlines Singapore Anna SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bagdogra, Bangalore, Coimbatore, Delhi, Goa, Hyderabad, Jaipur, Kochi, Kolkata, Madurai, Mangalore, Mumbai, Pune, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Tuticorin (Begins 1st December), Visakhapatnam Kamaraj SpiceJet Colombo Anna Sri Lankan Airlines Colombo Anna Thai Airways International Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi Anna Tiger Airways Singapore Anna
Airlines Destinations Air India Cargo Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai Blue Dart Aviation Bangalore, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai British Airways World Cargo
operated by Global Supply Systems
Hong Kong, London-Stansted Cathay Pacific Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi, Brussels, Dubai-International, Frankfurt, Hong Kong, Manchester, Mumbai DHL Express Worldwide Emirates Sky Cargo Dubai-International, Hong Kong Ethiopian Airlines Addis Ababa Etihad Crystal Cargo Abu Dhabi, Colombo, Shanghai-Pudong Hong Kong Airlines Hong Kong Jade Cargo International Amsterdam, Dubai-International, Seoul-Incheon, Shanghai-Pudong Kingfisher Xpress Ahmedabad Korean Air Cargo Bangkok, Chengdu, Seoul-Incheon Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Sharjah Martinair Cargo 1 Amsterdam, Bahrain, Dubai -Al Maktoum, Hong Kong, Sharjah Midex Airlines Al Ain Neptune Air Kuala Lumpur Qatar Airways Cargo Doha Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Atlanta, Brussels, Copenhagen, Hong Kong, Los Angeles, Sharjah, Singapore Southern Air Hong Kong  Thai Airways Cargo Bangkok-Suvarnabhumi Uni-Top Airlines Wuhan
^1 Martinair Cargo in addition to their own fleet also use KLM Cargo aircraft to MAA, which are in full KL Cargo livery, this is not to be mistaken as KL Cargo service.
MRO hangar facility
Airlines that have hangar facilities at Chennai airport:
The airport is situated on the busy Grand Southern Trunk Road (National Highway 45) and is also served by the airport station (Tirusulam) on the Suburban railway network. Airport prepaid taxis are available round the clock, with moderate fares fixed by the government. The proposed Metro Rail System will also connect the airport with other important places in Chennai.
Incidents and accidents
- On 5 March 1999, an ex-UTA Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) freighter (registration F-GPAN) carrying a revenue load of 66 tons of cargo on flight 6745 from Paris Charles de Gaulle to Madras Meenambakkam, India, via Karachi, Pakistan and Bangalore HAL Airport, India, crash-landed, caught fire and burned out. Meenambakkam ATC had cleared the aircraft for an ILS approach to the airport's runway 07. The crew abandoned the approach due to technical difficulties. The aircraft circled to attempt a second approach. At the end of the second approach, the aircraft's nose struck the runway while touching down because its nose gear was either not down or not locked. The plane skidded and came to rest 7,000 feet (2,100 m) down the 13,050 ft (3,980 m). runway. After it had come to a standstill, the crew noticed smoke on the flight deck and began to extinguish the flames. Soon after, flames erupted in the aircraft's front section. One crew member managed to escape from the flight deck via a rope ladder. The remaining four crew members were rescued by the airport fire service from the rear, before the flames engulfed the entire aircraft. The fire service was unable to extinguish the fire and the aircraft burned out.
- In August 1984, a bomb blast 1,200 meters from the airport killed 33 persons and injured 27 others.
- ^ Airport information for VOMM at World Aero Data. Data current as of October 2006.Source: DAFIF.
- ^ Airport information for MAA at Great Circle Mapper. Source: DAFIF (effective Oct. 2006).
- ^ AAI traffic figures 2009-2011
- ^ New-look Chennai airport may be ready by March
- ^ Part of second runway to open soon
- ^ Aedes aegypti survey of Chennai Port/Airport, India
- ^ Chennai Airport to have runway across Adyar river
- ^ Chennai Metro Rail System to connect International Airport
- ^ Chennai airport to get a ‘Flyover Travelator’
- ^ Proposed New Chennai Airport - Plan
- ^ Proposed New Chennai Airport Cargo Complex - Plan
- ^ "Soil testing carried out for proposed new airport". The Hindu. 2010-08-19. http://www.hindu.com/2010/08/19/stories/2010081963090400.htm. Retrieved 2010-12-20.
- ^ The Hindu : States / Tamil Nadu : State government has to decide on second airport for Chennai: AAI
- ^ Cathay Pacific destinations
- ^ Cathay Pacific launches freighter services
- ^ afaqs! > News > Company Briefs > Cathay Pacific launches freighter services from Chennai to Frankfurt
- ^ "Ethiopian Cargo Schedules (Effective 1 May 2011 – 29 October 2011)". Ethiopian Airlines. http://www.flyethiopian.com/en/cargo/schedule.aspx. Retrieved 1 May 2011.
- ^ Etihad Airways destinations
- ^ Photos: Boeing 737-3S3F Aircraft Pictures | Airliners.net
- ^ Welcome to SIA Cargo - eTimeTable
- ^ Global Reach– Southern Air
- ^ Uni-Top freighter schedules
- ^ ASN Aircraft accident Boeing 747-2B3F (SCD) F-GPAN Chennai Airport (MAA)
- ^ Eelam Army chief held for Chennai blast, The Indian Express News Service, 8 February 1998
- Chennai Airport Guide
- Chennai International Airport
- MAP for proposed Greenfield Airport & Consolidated Update About Chennai Airport
- New Chennai Airport Design-Schwartzarch
- Accident history for MAA at Aviation Safety Network
Airports in India International
Ahmedabad: Sardar Patel Airport • Amritsar: Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee Airport (Raja Sansi)¹ • Bangalore: Bengaluru Airport (Devanahalli) • Chennai (Madras): Chennai Airport (Meenambakkam) • Coimbatore Airport (Peelamedu)¹ • Delhi: Indira Gandhi Airport (Palam) • Gaya Airport¹ • Goa: Dabolim Airport¹ • Guwahati: Gopinath Bordoloi Airport (Borjhar)¹ • Hyderabad: Rajiv Gandhi Airport (Shamshabad) • Jaipur: Sanganer Airport¹ • Kochi (Cochin): Cochin Airport (Nedumbassery) • Kolkata (Calcutta): Subhash Chandra Bose Airport (Dum Dum) • Kozhikode (Calicut): Calicut Airport (Karipur) • Lucknow: Amausi Airport¹ • Mangalore Airport (Bajpe)¹ • Mumbai (Bombay): Chhatrapati Shivaji Airport (Sahar) • Nagpur: Babasaheb Ambedkar Airport (Sonegaon)¹ • Pune Airport (Lohegaon)¹ • Siliguri: Bagdogra Airport¹ • Srinagar: Sheikh ul Alam Airport¹ • Trichy: Tiruchirapalli Airport¹ • Trivandrum Airport • Varanasi (Benares): Babatpur Airport¹
- Note: ¹ Designated as a "restricted international airport" ("customs airport"); a limited number of international flights are permitted at these airports.
Domestic Central India Bihar Chhattisgarh Jharkhand Madhya Pradesh Orissa
Bhubaneswar: Biju Patnaik Airport • Hirakud Airport • Jharsuguda Airport • Rourkela Airport
Agra: Kheria Airport • Akbarpur Airstrip • Allahabad: Bamrauli Airport • Aligarh Airport • Azamgarh Airport • Bareilly Airport • Faizabad: Saket Airport • Ghazipur: Andhau Airport • Gorakhpur Airport • Jhansi Airport • Kanpur: Chakeri Airport • Kanpur: Civil Airport • Kanpur: IIT Airport • Kushinagar: Kasia Airport • Lalitpur Airport • Meerut Airport • Moradabad: Rampur Airport • Muirpur Airport • Rae Bareli: Fursatganj Airport • Shravasti Airport • Sultanpur Airstrip
Eastern India Arunachal Pradesh Assam Manipur Meghalaya
Rupsi Airport • Shella Airport • Shillong: Umroi Airport
Mizoram Nagaland Tripura West Bengal Northern India Chandigarh Himachal Pradesh Jammu and Kashmir Punjab
Ludhiana: Sahnewal Airport • Pathankot Airport
Dehradun: Jolly Grant Airport • Nainital: Pantnagar Airport
Southern India Andaman and Nicobar Islands Andhra Pradesh Karnataka Lakshadweep Pondicherry
Tamil Nadu Western India Daman and Diu Gujarat Maharashtra Military
Agra AFS • Allahabad AFS • Arakkonam • Ambala • Bagdogra • Bareilly AFS • Bhuj Rudra Mata • Car Nicobar • Chabua • Chandigarh • Kochi INS Garuda • Dimapur • Dundigul • Guwahati • Gorakhpur AFB • Halwara • Hindon AFS • Kanpur AFS • Lucknow AFS • Lohegaon • Kumbhirgram • Palam • Safdarjung • Saharanpur AFB • Sulur • Tanjore • Yelahanka
Closed ProposedEast IndiaJamshedpur:Adityapur-Seraikella Airport(Adityapur-Seraikella)North IndiaSouth IndiaChennai (Madras):New Chennai International Airport (Sriperumbudur)West IndiaAhmedabad:Fedara International Airport (Fedara) • Mumbai (Bombay):Kalyan International Airport (Kalyan) • Mumbai (Bombay):Navi Mumbai International Airport (Panvel) • Pune:New Pune International Airport (Chakan)
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