University of Redlands


University of Redlands

Infobox_University
name = University of Redlands


established =1907
type =Private
faculty =204 full-time; 100 adjunct
president =Stuart Dorsey
students =4400 under and post-grad
city =Redlands
state =California
country =United States
campus =Suburban, convert|160|acre|km2
mascot =Bulldog "Duke"
nickname =Bulldogs
colors =Maroon and Gray
affiliations =None
website = [http://www.redlands.edu/ www.redlands.edu]
logo =

The University of Redlands is a private liberal arts and sciences university located in Redlands, California. The university's campus sits on 160 acres (0.6 km²) near downtown Redlands. The university was founded in 1907 and was associated with the American Baptist Church. The land for the university was donated by church member Karl C. Wells. The university maintained its religious orientation and required chapel attendance of all students until 1972. The university is now an independent institution but maintains an informal relationship with the group American Baptist Churches USA.

History of the University of Redlands

Founding the University

The University of Redlands had its roots in the founding of two other Baptist institutions, California College in Oakland, and Los Angeles University. Both institutions opened in 1886, but LAU never became financially solvent, soon ceased functioning as a university, and incurred massive debts. After the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 damaged the finances of California College, a Baptist commission began exploring the liquidation of both institutions to develop a new institution in Southern California.

The Reverend Jasper Newton Field, a Baptist pastor at Redlands, persuaded the Redlands Board of Trade to pursue the college at Redlands. Redlands proposed at least 100,000 dollars and 40 acres for a campus (on land donated by layman Mr. K.C. Wells) if the Baptist Church could bring in from 240,000 to 500,000 dollars towards building the university. On June 27, 1907 the Commission met in Pasadena and voted all in favor of the Redlands proposal.

Ground was broken in April 9, 1909, on the hill where the administration building now stands. Nine founding faculty members held their first day of classes in the Redlands Baptist Church on September 30, 1909, with 39 students attending. Materials were borrowed from the Smiley Library, and Redlands High School offered use of their science labs.

On January 27, 1910, the University of Redlands opened its physical doors by occupying the newly completed Administration building. Bekins Hall and the President's mansion were the only two other buildings completed. President Field was charged with further securing $200,000 for endowment, but the Great Freeze of 1911, which wiped out half the California citrus crop and severely damaged the local economy, made this impossible.

After the trustees decided “that it would be in the best interest of the University to temporarily use the president's home for the music department,” President Field resigned in 1914. As accounts stood, the Northern Baptist's Education Board would not endorse the university to prospective donors. Victor LeRoy Duke, Dean and Professor of Mathematics, became the next president.

The Southern California Baptist community initiated a campaign to raise $50,000 to clear outstanding debt. The following spring the Northern Baptist Education Board, after meeting with the Trustees, reversed their decision of two years earlier and endorsed the school, promising to help raise an endowment.

Redlands during and after World War I

After the US entered World War I in 1917, the national Baptist campaign for UR's endowment was called off. The university recruited 131 men to qualify the campus for the Students’ Army Training Corps program, whose tuition expenses were to be paid by the federal government in exchange for military training. However, due to the armistice, the Corps was ordered demobilized before the end of its first term, though the new recruits made 1918-19 a banner year for Redlands athletics.

By 1925 the faculty numbered 25, and student enrollment had increased to 465. Finances had improved to the extent that, with significant volunteer help, UR was able to erect 12 new buildings by the end of the decade. New dormitories, classrooms, a library, memorial chapel and gymnasium were built. A school of education was added. A developing alumni base also started to support the university. By 1928, the University's endowment was $2,592,000, the fourth largest in the state and among the top ten percent of American universities. [Nelson, Lawrence Emmerson, "Redlands: Biography of a College, the first fifty years of the University of Redlands" University of Redlands, CA 1958.]

Redlands during the Great Depression

By the beginning of 1932, the effects of the Great Depression started to be felt at the University. Enrollment soared, as there was no work to be found, but student indebtedness also increased exponentially, as well as the amount the University owed banks. Salaries were cut, and employees were laid-off. On March 3, 1933, the day after the governor declared a moratorium on banks, President Duke died of a cerebral hemorrhage.

The administration of UR's third President, Dr. Clarence Howe Thurber, soon ran afoul of ultra-conservative churches. Student members complained of a liberal attitude toward Baptist doctrine being inoculated by Robert H. Lynn, Crawford Professor of Biblical, Missionary and Ethical Instruction. Although the trustees attempted to assuage the matter by conducting a hearing between Lynn and the complaining students, the report they issued commending the Christian spirit of both parties further alienated critical Baptists. The later affair of Dr. William H. Roberts, a Redlands psychology professor who became the campaign manager of Upton Sinclair's run for governor in 1934, also severely strained town and gown relations.

Redlands during and after World War II

The 1940s brought many changes to the University of Redlands. They began with the bombing of Pearl Harbor. As conscriptions and enlistments for the war depleted classes, courses were set up for the soldiers at Camp Haan and March Field. Physical education and military science courses at the college began to assume a much higher priority.

The July 1, 1943 arrival of a Navy V-12 unit, composed of 631 men for officer candidate training, along with a civilian enrollment of 473 women and 110 men, was Redlands’ largest enrollment ever, and gradually lead to the easing of social restrictions. Military men were not required to attend chapel, and on New Year's Eve the Marines clandestinely held the first impromptu dance ever on the campus. Two months later, the Navy held the first formal dance on the commons, and the Trustees finally discarded the “no dancing” policy in 1945, after the Redlands V-12 unit had been disbanded. [Moore, Frank E. "Redlands, Our Town" Moore Historical Foundation, Redlands, CA 1987]

The passage of the GI Bill further opened the doors at Redlands. By special action of Congress, housing units for 50 veteran's families were installed on campus. Of the 219 graduates of June, 1949, 126 were veterans, and of these 70 were married.

The 50s saw other changes. Fraternity houses were established for the first time, and other improvements made to the university. The first Ph.D. ever granted by the University was received in 1957, by Milton D. Hummex, in Philosophy.

Compulsory chapel attendance fell to the student militancy of the 1960s and 70s. The seventh President of the University, Dr. Douglas Moore, was not even Baptist. The campus became truly interdenominational and multicultural, going for some years without clergymen on the Board of Trustees.

Organization

Students at the university study in one of four schools: the College of Arts and Sciences, the School of Education, the School of Business, or the School of Music.

College of Arts and Sciences

The College of Arts and Sciences serves approximately 2,407 students from 43 states and 10 foreign countries. About 24 percent are Asian, Latino, African American, Native American or multi-ethnic students.

The college has 167 full-time faculty members. Eighty-five percent of full-time faculty have a Ph.D. or terminal degree.

Johnston Center for Integrative Studies

Born in the midst of the Free Speech Movement, Johnston College began as an experiment in student-initiated, contract-driven education, and operated as an autonomous unit of the university for approximately 10 years. In 1979, it was integrated into the College of Arts and Sciences (CAS) as the Johnston Center for Individualized Studies. It operated under that name until the mid-1990s, when it was renamed The Johnston Center for Integrative Studies.

Today, some two-hundred Redlands students live and learn together in the Johnston complex, which includes two residence halls and five faculty offices. Students design their own majors in consultation with faculty, and write contracts for their courses, for which they receive narrative evaluations in lieu of traditional grades. ;Contracts

Johnston students take responsibility for and control of their education though contracts with faculty for graduation and for individual courses.

A Johnston grad contract is a narrative and course list outlining what a student studies at Johnston. The narrative is a short outline of what subjects the student wants to integrate in their studies. The course list outlines what courses will be taken in order to fulfill the learning objectives outlined in the narrative.

A Grad Contract Committee, consisting of the student's advisor, three other professors, and two other Johnston students with already approved contracts approves the grad contract. If the committee feels that there is an integral component left out of the narrative and/or course list, the committee can make a stipulation (a demand of sorts) which the student must agree to before the contract is approved.

Johnston students also write contracts for most courses that they take. With these course contracts they can customize the course to meet their learning and educational needs. The student can contract to do certain requirements outlined in the syllabus while substituting particular requirements in the syllabus with something else, though any of these changes to a class syllabus must be negotiated between the student and the professor.

;Community

Johnston prides itself on the intentional community that its members live in. Johnston has two dorms which are collectively known as the Johnston Complex. These two dorms are Bekins and Holt. There are community meetings every Tuesday at 4pm. At these meetings various topics are discussed about the community itself and how best to improve the community. Proposals are also brought forth to the community requesting money from the Johnston budget for various projects such as art shows.Smoking cigarettes used to be allowed on the balcony, but not since it was almost burned down in 2006.

chool of Music

The University of Redlands School of Music was founded along with the University as its School of Fine Arts. It is today an accredited institutional member of the National Association of Schools of Music, and its requirements for entrance and graduation comply with the standards of this accrediting organization.

Approximately 185 students study Music with 13 full-time and 26 adjunct faculty.

Any University student may participate in musical activities through enrollment (usually by audition) in the University Choir, Chapel Singers, Madrigals, Wind Ensemble, Concert Band, Studio Jazz Band, Symphony Orchestra, Chamber Orchestra, University Opera, and a variety of chamber music ensembles. Students are invited to register for private, group, or class lessons, available on all instruments and for voice.

Renowned concert organist Frederick Swann is professor of organ.

chool of Education

The oldest graduate division within the university, the School of Education was founded in 1924. As of 2006, it serves 584 students in graduate coursework, with 17 full-time professors and 30 adjunct professors, and offers a nationally unique "Doctorate in Leadership for Educational Justice" (Ed.D.), the only doctoral program on campus, which engages 20 students each year.

chool of Business

Founded in 1976 as the Alfred North Whitehead College for Lifelong Learning, the School of Business started as an experiment in providing educational services to working adults in locations throughout Southern California. It was one of the first successful ventures in quality education through off-site learning. It evolved to become the School of Business in 2001. The School of Business currently has 1,019 full-time students (2006), taught by 22 full-time and 46 adjunct professors. Classes are held at the Redlands campus as well as satellite locations in Orange County, Temecula, Los Angeles County, Riverside, Rancho Cucamonga/Ontario and San Diego County.

The School of Business also offers a daytime MBA program, which was launched in 2006. The program provides an opportunity for a Redlands graduate to stay a fifth year and complete a masters. Some aptly prepared students could even complete the program in as little as 30 units. According to Keith Roberts, associate dean,"The school of business has traditionally only taught working adults in an evening program, but we saw there was a need for traditional students who completed their bachelor's to move right into a graduate program so this was a new market that our school of business had never really addressed." [cite news |last=Kennedy-Ross | first=Selicia | title= What's in the future for I. E. universities? | url= http://www.sbsun.com/search/ci_7342616?IADID=Search-www.sbsun.com-www.sbsun.com | publisher= San Bernardino County Sun | date= October 17, 2007 | accessdate= 2007-10-20]

Campus Housing

The University offers their students guaranteed housing of some form or another during their four years of undergraduate study. These students live in the following halls and complexes:
* Anderson Hall: Home to approximately 200 undergraduates primarily in first or second years.
* Bekins Hall: One of the Johnston Complex housing and classroom buildings, Bekins has the distinction of being the first residence hall on campus. Non air-conditioned.
* Bekins-Holt: Johnston Complex's other part includes the Johnston lobby and is also air conditioned.
* Brockton Avenue Apartments: The newest housing at the University, the Brockton Apartments opened for the 2003-2004 academic year. The complex houses approximately 250 residents in four-person units. These units share two bathrooms and a common area/kitchen. Brockton is viewed as the best place for upperclassmen to live, however it comes at a higher cost than the halls.
* California-Founders Hall: Consists of an all male wing (California) and an all female wing (Founders) joined by a common lobby to form a living area for approximately 200 sophomore and junior students. This hall underwent major renovation in the summer of 2006 to outfit the hall with modern fire equipment, as well as electrical upgrades, structural bolstering, and air conditioning. The hall reopened September 1, 2006 for staff, hosting residents the next day.
* Cortner Hall: Home to 130 residents, usually in the upper classes of juniors and seniors. The hall was renovated in 2000 and is viewed by many to be the epitome of upperclass housing within the hall system.
* East Hall: Originally built for the Johnston Complex, East hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three air conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors.
* Fairmont Hall: The campus' smallest hall, Fairmont hosts 60 residents who come together with an interest in Social Justice. It houses a combination of two first-year seminars and upperclass students with an interest in social justice. Fairmont is the only hall with its own mascot: a rock, deemed such a prize for its theft and relocation over the years that Fairmont residents anchored it to the ground in concrete in 1976. To this day, various other halls attack the rock in a friendly water-balloon battle late at night.
* Grossmont Hall: Home to approximately 120 women, Grossmont is the largest unisex hall on campus. The financier specified that the hall were to be for the use of women exclusively for the duration of her lifetime, thus it stands today. Non air-conditioned.
* Merriam Hall: The school's dedicated "green hall", Merriam houses a combination of first-year seminars and upperclass students interested in environmental sustainability. Merriam has air-conditioned rooms.
* Melrose Hall: The "quiet" hall features extended quiet hours and a newly renovated living area. Melrose houses 65 upperclassmen.
* North Hall: Merriam's twin hall, North is the Wellness Hall, featuring substance free living, and a primary pick for athletes due to its proximity to the athletic facilities.
* Williams Hall: East's twin hall, Williams also hosts approximately 120 freshmen in its three air conditioned, quadrangle-layout floors.

New units

The University has recently added two new buildings: Lewis Hall (named after U.S. Congressman Jerry Lewis) and Appleton hall (named after the former university president). Lewis hall opened in fall of 2005, and is home to the Master of Science in Geographic Information Systems Program, the Environmental Studies Program, and the Redlands Institute (an environmental research institute). Appleton Hall opened in spring 2006 and is home to the physics, math, and computer science departments, which were previously in Duke and Hentschke halls. Appleton Hall, named after UR chancellor and former president Jim Appleton, cost the university about $10.3 million. Its southern wall is graced by a giant sundial designed by physics professor Tyler Nordgren, including a version for daylight-saving time, that is accurate within 10 minutes. [cite news | last=Heiss | first= David James | title=Physics, up close and personal | url=http://www.redlandsdailyfacts.com/search/ci_4004319?IADID=Search-www.redlandsdailyfacts.com-www.redlandsdailyfacts.com | publisher=Redlands Daily Facts | date=2006-07-02 | accessdate=2007-12-16] The occupants of the second building call it "Hall of Numbers."

Alternative living

The University also offers alternative housing to various organizations. Merit houses, such as the BillingsFact|date=July 2008 and Harrison Houses are awarded to organizations for use in the school year.The university also offers a non-affiliatedWhat|date=July 2008 Greek System, which also contains several houses for residence by the groups' members.

Greek Life

Active Social Fraternities:

*Pi Chi-founded 1907
*Alpha Gamma Nu-founded 1923
*Chi Rho Psi-founded 1927 (Re-Founded 2001)
*Chi Sigma Chi-founded 1936
*Kappa Sigma Sigma-founded 1916
*Sigma Kappa Alpha-founded 1947

Active Sororities:

*Alpha Sigma Pi-founded 1914
*Alpha Theta Phi-founded 1911
*Alpha Xi Omicron-founded 1927(Re-Founded 1998)
*Beta Lambda-founded 1921(Re-Founded 1988)
*Delta Kappa Psi-founded 1910

Active Business Fraternities:

*Delta Sigma Pi: Xi Pi Chapter - chapter founded 1999

Active Service Fraternities:

*Alpha Phi Omega: Sigma Beta Chapter

Honors Societies:

*Omicron Delta Kappa -national leadership honor society emphasizing holistic development
*Phi Beta Kappa - an interdisciplinary national academic honor society.
*Phi Mu Alpha - a social fraternity for men of musicianly character.
*Pi Gamma Mu - a prestgious, international social science honor society that is dedicated to community service and interdisciplinary scholarship in the social sciences.
*Psi Chi - a national honor society in the field of Psychology
*Sigma Alpha Iota - an international music-based sisterhood founded in 1903
*Sigma Tau Delta - an English honor society that provides social and scholarly opportunities.
*Pi Kappa Lambda - a national honor society in the field of music.Fact|date=July 2008

Diversity based organizations

Rangi Ya Giza (RYG) - founded in 1992 - non-Greek brotherhood dedicated to service and diversity in an effort to bring about positive change. RYG focuses on the differences that are beneficial to any group and strives to bring awareness of inequalities and other problematic societal issues that affect the community.Wadada Wa Rangi Wengi (WRW) - founded in 1992 - non-Greek sistahood dedicated to raising awareness about issues that affect us all; womyn's issues, diversity, racism, homophobia, human rights, etcetera.

(RYG and WRW are organizations that were founded as a result of the Los Angeles race conflict in response to communal apathy.)

Fidelity, Isonomy, Erudition (FIE) -founded on February 10, 2006- Co-ed Siblinghood that prides itself in its commitment to service and awareness, creating a more empathetic community, and combating a gender binary. Service, Awareness, and Siblinghood are the three pillars the organization's 27 members (Spring 2008) stand firm on. Within 15 months of its founding, it was recognized as the University's Multicultural Organization of the Year, as well as granted a University-owned house.

Filming at Redlands

Due to its location in the Greater Los Angeles Area, The U of R campus has been used as the setting for films such as Hell Night (1981), "Joy Ride" (2001), "Slackers" (2002), and "The Rules of Attraction" (2002). It has also been used in at least one "Perry Mason" episode as a stand-in for fictional Euclid College.

Notable alumni

*David Boies, Attorney
*Sam Brown, organiser of the Vietnam Moratorium and former state treasurer of Colorado
*Michael Carona, former Sheriff, Orange County, California
*Glen Charles, Writer & Producer for "Cheers"
*Les Charles, Writer & Producer for "Cheers"
*Gerry Lanosga, Emmy-Nominated Journalist and Indiana University Doctoral Candidate in Mass Communications
*Gary Locke, Director of RCC Marching Tigers Band
*Dave Martin, Chef Contestant on "Top Chef" (Not sure if he graduated with his BA in English)
*Greta N. Morris, United States Ambassador to the Republic of the Marshall Islands
*Judge Pat Morris Mayor of San Bernardino, California
*Gene Pokorny, "principal tuba" of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra
*John Raitt, Actor in musical theater [ [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0707251/bio John Raitt - Biography ] ]
*Thalmus Rasulala, Actor [http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0711560/]
*Peter D. La Rosa, Hollywood Agent
*Alan Shugart, co-founder of Seagate Technology
*Cathy Scott, "True Crime Author" [http://www.cathyscott.com/]
*James Q. Wilson, Author & Professor at Pepperdine University
*Gerald Albright, American Jazz saxophonist & composer
*Juanita Millender-McDonald, American politician
*W. Richard West, Jr. Founding director of Smithsonian National Museum of the American Indian
*Jack Osborn, Former President of Mitsubishi Consumer Electronics North America; Former Vice President for TRW Inc.
*Les Janka, Deputy Press Secretary for Foreign Affairs under President Ronald Reagan; currently Vice President at Raytheon
*David Eick, Executive Producer of "Battlestar Galactica" TV series (Sci Fi Channel); Executive Producer of "Bionic Woman" (NBC)

External links

* [http://www.redlands.edu/ University of Redlands web site]

References


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