- Bank of China
company_name = Bank of China Limited
company_type = Joint stock company
foundation = 1912
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Xiao Gang, Chairman Li Lihui, President
num_employees = 209,265
revenue = profit RMB 180,669 million (2007) [http://www.boc.cn/en/common/third_en_noright.jsp?category=1155524684100 Financial Highlights (A Share) - Bank Of China ] ]
net_income = profit RMB 56,229 million (2007)
homepage = [http://www.boc.cn www.boc.cn]
Bank of China Limited (BOC) SSE|601988 sehk|3988 (zh-stp|s=中国银行|t=中國銀行|p=Zhōngguó Yínháng; often abbreviated as 中行) is one of the
big fourstate-owned commercial banks of the People's Republic of China. Founded in 1912 to replace the Ta Ching Government Bank, it is the oldest bank in China. From its establishment until 1942, it issued banknotes on behalf of the Central Government along with the "Big Four" banks of the period: the Central Bank of China, Farmers Bank of Chinaand Bank of Communications. Although it initially functioned as the Chinese central bank, in 1948 the People's Bank of Chinareplaced it in that role. Subsequently, BOC became a purely commercial bank.
After the Chinese civil war ended in 1949, the Bank of China effectively split into two operations. Part of the bank relocated to Taiwan with the
Kuomintanggovernment. It was privatised in 1971 to become the International Commercial Bank of China (中國國際商業銀行). It has subsequently merged with the Taiwan Bank of Communications (Chiao Tung Bank, 交通銀行) to become the [http://www.megabank.com.tw/ Mega International Commercial Bank (兆豐國際商業銀行)] . The Mainland operation is the current entity known as the Bank of China.
It is the second largest lender in China overall, and the 5th largest bank in the world by market capitalization value [ http://financialranks.com/?p=69] . Once 100% owned by the central government, via
Central Huijin Investmentand National Council for Social Security Fund (SSF), an IPO of its shares took place in June 2006, the free floatis at present over 26%.
It is the most international of China's banks, with branches on every 'major' continent. Outside of
mainland China, BOC also operates in 27 countries including:
Australia, Canada, United Kingdom, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg, Russia, Hungary, United States, Panama, Brazil, Japan, Republic of Korea, Singapore, Taiwan, Philippines, Vietnam, Malaysia, Thailand, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Bahrain, Zambia, South Africaand there's also another branch office in Cayman Islands. [http://www.boc.cn/en/common/third.jsp?category=ROOT>en>Information%20Center>BOC%20Network>Overseas%20Branches&pages=1 ]
Although it is present in the above countries/territories, its operations outside China accounted for less than 4% of the activity of the bank by both profits and assets. Mainland China accounts for 60% of the bank by profits and 76% by assets as at December 2005.
Events in 2005
In the runup to the IPO, BOC solicited long term investors to take strategic stakes in the company. In October 2005, the
Royal Bank of ScotlandGroup PLC announced a $3.1 billion investment which would give the British bank control of just under 10 percent stake in the Bank of China. Further investments were made by Swiss bank UBS AG, and by Temasek Holdings Pte. Ltd, who also promised to subscribe for an additional $500 million worth of shares during Bank of China's initial public offering.
The Bank has been investigated by the United States in its money laundering probe related to the
superdollars affair. [ [http://english.chosun.com/w21data/html/news/200509/200509080007.html Digital Chosunilbo (English Edition): Daily News in English About Korea ] ]
Events in 2006
* Its listing, on the
Hong Kong Stock Exchangeon June 1, 2006was the largest IPO in the world since 2000, and the fourth largest IPO in the world ever, raising some US$9.7 billion in the H-share Global Offering. The Over-Allotment Option was then exercised on June 7, 2006, raising the total value of their IPO to US$11.2 billion. [ [http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2006-06/01/content_4632335_2.htm Xinhua - English ] ]
* It successfully made the largest IPO in mainland China on July 5, 2006, by offering up to 10 billion A-shares on the Shanghai A Stock Exchange, or up to RMB20 billion. These were priced at RMB3.00 per share.
* BOC has bought
Singapore Airlines's stake in Singapore Aircraft Leasing Enterprise, in 2007 it was renamed BOC Aviation.
* The bank held another IPO on the Shanghai Stock Exchange in 2006, raising around 20 billion yuan (US$2.5 billion).
Bank of China in Hong Kong
BOC started operations in
Hong Kongin 1917 and has become a major player there, challenging British banks in the territory. It became note-issuing bank Hong Kongin 1994; in Macao, it received note-issuing status in 1995.
In 2001, BOC regrouped its
Hong Kongoperations into Bank of China (Hong Kong); then BOCHK listed on the Hong Kong Stock Exchangein October 2002. Two-thirds of its share capital are in free float. The bank's headquarters in Hong Kong are located in the Bank of China Tower, designed by the renowned architect I.M. Pei, and was opened to the public in 1990 as the tallest building of Hong Kong at that time.
It listed on the
Hong Kong Stock Exchange(independently from BOCHK) (SEHK:3988) by floating the largest IPO in the world by any institution since 2000 on June 1, 2006, raising US$9.7 billion. The IPO attracted HK$286 billion (USD 36.7 billion) in retail orders and was the most heavily oversubscribed in the history of the Hong Kong Stock Exchange. The offer was around 76 times oversubscribed. Although some financial analysts advised caution due to the worrying amounts of non-performing loans, this hardly deterred investors. The IPO share price started at HK$2.95 per share and jumped 15% (to HK$3.40) after the first day of trading.
* It has over RMB 3 trillion in assets, making it in the Fortune Global 500 for the past 17 years.
* It is the no.2 lender in China overall, the no.1 lender to non-institutions, and the no.1 foreign exchange lender. (The no.1 lender in China is the
Industrial and Commercial Bank of China)
* In 2002, it made RMB52.7 billion profit, an increase of over 20 per cent from the previous year.
* Bank of China owns 7th tallest building in the world
As of June 7, 2006, following the
Hong Kong IPO, the ownership of the Bank of China (SEHK:3988) was:
Central Huijin Investment: 69.265%
* RBS China: 8.467%
* AFH Pte. Ltd. (a wholly owned subsidiary of Temasek): 4.765%
* SSF: 4.576%
UBS AG: 1.366%
* ADB: 0.205%
* Investors who received H shares from the Global Offering (IPO): 11.356%
History of BOC's expansion outside (mainland) China
*1917 BOC opened a branch in Hong Kong.
*1929 BOC opened its first overseaas branch in
London. The branch managed the government's foreign debt, became a center for the bank's management of its foreign exchange, and acted as an intermediary for China's international trade.
*1931 BOC opened a branch in
*1936 BOC opened a branch in
Singaporeto handle remittances to China of overseas Chinese. It also opened an agency in New York.
*1937 At the outbreak of hostilities with Japan, Japanese forces blockaded China's major ports. BOC opened a number of branches overseas to facilitate the gathering of remittances and the flow of military supplies. BOC opened branches in Batavia,
Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Haiphong, Hanoi, Rangoon, Bombay, and Calcutta. It also opened sub-agencies in Surabaya, Medan, Dabo, Xiaobo, Batu Pahat, Baichilu, Mandalay, Lashio, Ipoh, and Seremban.
*1941 and 1942 The Japanese conquest of South East Asia forced BOC to close all overseas its branches, agencies, sub-branches and sub-agencies, except London, New York, Calcutta, and Bombay.
*1942 BOC set up six new overseas branches, including those at
Sydney, ( Australia), Liverpool, and Havana, and possibly Karachi.
*1946 BOC reopened its branches and agencies in Hong Kong, Singapore, Haiphong, Rangoon, Kuala Lumpur, Penang, and Jakarta. It moved the Hanoi agency to Saigon. At the suggestion of the Allied Forces Headquarters, it liquidated the branch in Osaka and opened a sub-branch in
*1947 BOC opened agencies in
Bangkok, Chittagong, and Tokyo.
*1950 Some of the branches of Bank of China joined the bank headquartered in
Beijing— i.e., Hong Kong, Singapore, London, Penang, Kuala Lumpur, Jakarta, Calcutta, Bombay, Chittagong, Karachi, and Jakarta — while others — New York, Tokyo, Havana, Bangkok, and one other, possibly Panama — opted to remain with the Bank of China headquartered in Taipei. In 1971, this bank took the name International Commercial Bank of China.
*1963 The Burmese government nationalized all banks, foreign and domestic, including the Bank of China's Rangoon branch.
*1971 The Bank of China transferred its two branches in Karachi and Chittagong to the
National Bank of Pakistan.
*1975 The People's Republic of Vietnam nationalized the Bank of China's branch in Saigon, while the
Khmer Rougegovernment nationalized the Bank of China's Phnom Phenbranch.
*1981 BOC opened a branch in
*2001 Kwangtung Provincial Bank was closed and merged under Bank of China, Singapore Branch.
*2002 Bank of China Futures Pte Ltd wound up operations in Singapore.
*2008 Bank of China buys 20 percent stake in La Compagnie Financiere Edmond de Rothschild (LCFR) for 236.3 million euros (US$340 million)
* Bank of China, "A History of the Bank of China, 1912-1949", Beijing: 1999.
* [http://www.boc.cn/en/static/index.html Official website]
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