- Alcântara Launch Center
Alcântara Launch Center
Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara
VLS satellite launcher Location of the Alcântara Launch Center IATA: none – ICAO: SNCW Summary Airport type Military: Air Force Base and Spaceport Operator Brazilian Air Force
Brazilian Space Agency
Location Alcântara, Maranhão Built 1982 In use 1989 - present Elevation AMSL 148 ft / 45 m Coordinates Runways Direction Length Surface m ft 09/27 2,600 8,530 Asphalt Sources: CLA Airport Info
The Alcântara Launch Center (Portuguese: Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara (CLA)) is a satellite launching base of the Brazilian Space Agency in the city of Alcântara, located on Brazil's northern Atlantic coast, in the state of Maranhão. Its geographical location . It is operated by the Brazilian Air Force (Comando da Aeronáutica). The CLA is the closest launching base to the equator. This gives the launch site a significant advantage in launching geosynchronous satellites, an attribute shared by the Guiana Space Centre.
Construction of the base began in 1982. The first launch occurred on February 21, 1990, when the sounding rocket Sonda 2 XV-53 was launched. Also, the Ongoron I and Ongoron II rockets were tested there by the French Government in 1994.
So far, only sounding rockets and VLS rockets have been launched from Alcântara. On August 22, 2003, the explosion of the third VLS-1 (XV-03) killed 21 people.
In early 2011 the new "TMI -Torre Móvel de Integração" (Mobile Integration Tower) construction on the VLS pad will be completed. It will be used to assemble and launch a new version of the VLS rocket in 2012.
There are also plans to launch several international rockets from Alcântara. In 2003 contracts were signed to launch Ukrainian Tsyklon-4 (as of December 2009 planned to be launched by the end of 2010) and Israeli Shavit rockets; In addition there are further plans to launch the Russian Proton rocket.
Current government plans to construct a civilian launching center, operated by the Brazilian Space Agency (Agencia Espacial Brasileira) and adjacent to the military controlled CLA.
- Engine preparation facilities (Preparação de Propulsores - PPP)
- Payload preparation facilities (Preparação de Carga Útil - PPCU)
- Liquid-fuel loading facilities (Preparação de Carregamento de Propelentes - PCPL)
- Universal launch tower
- Mobile Integration Tower (TMI - Torre Móvel de Integração): 33x10x13m, 380tons. Used for assembly of the VLS rockets.
- Control center (Prédio de Controle Avançado - CASAMATA).
- 2600m runway
List of launchpads
- VLS Pad (with Mobile Integration Tower - TMI)
- MRL Pad (general sounding rocket pad)
- "Universal" pad for rockets up to 10tons
- Cyclone-4 Pad (under construction)
Date Vehicle Mission Results 21 February 1990 Sonda 2 XV-53 Alcântara Ionosphere 101 km 26 November 1990 Sonda 2 XV-54 Manival Ionosphere 91 km 9 December 1991 Sonda 2 XV-55 Aguas Belas Ionosphere 88 km 1 June 1992 Sonda 3 XV-24 Aeronomy 282 km 31 October 1992 Sonda 2 XV-56 Ponta de Areia Ionosphere 32 km 22 March 1993 Sonda 2 XV-57 Maruda Ionosphere 102 km 2 April 1993 VS-40 PT-01 VS-40 Test 950 km 19 August 1994 Nike Orion MALTED/CADRE Ionosphere 140 km 20 August 1994 Nike Orion MALTED/CADRE Ionosphere 140 km 24 August 1994 Nike Orion MALTED/CADRE Ionosphere 140 km 25 August 1994 Nike Orion MALTED/CADRE Ionosphere 140 km 9 September 1994 Black Brant Ionosphere 250 km 21 September 1994 Black Brant Ionosphere 250 km 23 September 1994 Nike Tomahawk Ionosphere 270 km 23 September 1994 Nike Tomahawk Ionosphere 270 km 24 September 1994 Nike Tomahawk Ionosphere 270 km 24 September 1994 Nike Tomahawk Ionosphere 270 km 6 October 1994 Black Brant Ionosphere Failure (250 km) 14 October 1994 Black Brant Guará H.Alt Spread F Ionosphere 956 km 15 October 1994 Black Brant Ionosphere 250 km 28 April 1997 VS-30 XV-01 VS-30 Test 128 km 2 November 1997 VLS-1 V01 VLS-1 Destroyed during launch 21 March 1998 VS-40 VS-40 Test 900 km 15 March 1999 VS-30 XV-04 Operação San Marcos 128 km 11 December 1999 VLS-1 V02 SACI-2 Destroyed by range safety (10 km) 6 February 2000 VS-30 XV-05 Lençóis Maranhenses 148 km 21 August 2000 VS-30/Orion XV-01 Baronesa 315 km 23 November 2002 VS-30/Orion XV-02 Piraperna Ionosphere 434 km 1 December 2002 VS-30 XV-06 Cumã Failure (145 km) 22 August 2003 VLS-1 XV-03 SATEC Failure (2003 Alcântara VLS accident) 23 October 2004 VSB-30 XV-01 Cajuana Test 100 km 23 October 2004 VSB-30 V01 VSB-30 Flight Test 259 km 19 July 2007 VSB-30 V04 Cumã II 242 km 29 May 2009 Orion Maracati 1 93 km 12 December 2010 VSB-30 V07 Maracati 2 242 km (successful; payload recovered) Source: Astronautix
- Rocket Launch Sites Worldwide
- ^ CLA Airport Info
- ^ a b Brazil, Ukraine to launch rocket together in 2010, UNIAN (December 3, 2009)
- ^ President of Ukraine signs Decree on measures to ensure realization of Ukrainian-Brazilian project of creating space rocket complex "Cyclone - 4"
- ^ "Launchers" by Tim Furniss, 26 August 2003, Flight International
- ^ Interfax: Russia & CIS Defense Industry Weekly, 21 May 2010
- ^ Xinhua: Brazil launches rocket to test launching base Xinhua. Retrieved on 2009-05-30.
- ^ Brazil launches mid-sized rocket FoxNews. Retrieved on 2010-12-15.
- ^ Astronautix: Alcantara Chronology and Launch Log
- Official site (Portuguese).
- Encyclopedia Astronautica about Alcantara, with maps, chronology and launch log.
- About the Alcantara Launch Center at globalsecurity.org.
- Space Today - Brazil's Atlantic Spaceports.
- Brazil spaceport threat to villages (BBC article).
- Alcântara Cyclone Space
Brazilian space program Earth observation satellites Rockets Launch sitesBarreira do Inferno Launch Center · Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara Astronauts Institutions Spaceports Asia and the
Europe North America South America Pacific
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Barreira do Inferno Launch Center — Centro de Lançamento da Barreira do Inferno … Wikipedia
Barrier of Hell Launch Center — The Barrier of Hell Launch Center (Portuguese: Centro de Lançamento da Barreira do Inferno) is the first rocket lunching base of Brazil. It was created in 1965, and is located in the city of Parnamirim, next to the Natal capital, in the state of… … Wikipedia
Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center — Port spatial de Jiuquan 40°57′28″N 100°17′30″E / 40.95778, 100.29167 … Wikipédia en Français
Rocket launch site — A rocket launch site or launch complex is a facility at which rocket launches are conducted. It has usually one or more launch pads or suitable sites to mount a transportable launch pad. For launch vehicles with liquid propellant, suitable… … Wikipedia
Centro de Lançamento de Alcântara — 2.3730555555556 44.396388888889 Koordinaten: 2° 22′ 23″ S, 44° 23′ 47″ W … Deutsch Wikipedia
2003 Alcântara VLS accident — On August 22, 2003, a massive explosion destroyed a Brazilian Space Agency VLS 1 (VLS 1 V03) rocket as it stood on its launch pad at the Alcântara Launching Center in the state of Maranhão in northern Brazil. Twenty one people, standing on the… … Wikipedia
Naro Space Center — Hangul 나로우주센터 Hanja 羅老宇宙센터 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Kodiak Launch Complex — 57°26′09″N 152°20′16″O / 57.43583, 152.33778 … Wikipédia en Français
Kennedy Space Center — Centre spatial Kennedy Merritt Island et le Centre spatial Kennedy sont en blanc, tandis que la zone de pas de tir de la Cape Canaveral Air Force Station sont en vert. Le John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) est un complexe de lancement spatial… … Wikipédia en Français
Kennedy space center — Centre spatial Kennedy Merritt Island et le Centre spatial Kennedy sont en blanc, tandis que la zone de pas de tir de la Cape Canaveral Air Force Station sont en vert. Le John F. Kennedy Space Center (KSC) est un complexe de lancement spatial… … Wikipédia en Français