Canterbury Castle


Canterbury Castle

Location map
Kent
label =
lat = 51.275094
long = 1.076353
caption = Map showing the location of Canterbury Castle within Kent.
float = right
background= white
width = 175

Canterbury Castle is a motte-and-bailey Norman Castle in Canterbury, Kent, England (gbmapping|TR14545743).cite web |title=Canterbury Castle |url=http://www.pastscape.org.uk/hob.aspx?hob_id=464740 |publisher=Pastscape.org.uk |accessdate=2008-05-30] It is five minutes walk from Canterbury East Station and main bus station around City Wall.

Canterbury Castle was one of the three original Royal castles of Kent (the other two Rochester Castle and Dover Castle). They were all built very soon after the Battle of Hastings, on the main Roman road from Dover to London. This was the route taken by William the Conqueror in October 1066, and they were built originally as motte-and-bailey castles to guard this important route. [ [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/keysites/castle.htm Canterbury Trust] ]

Phases

Norman era

A wooden motte and bailey castle was erected in 1066 - its motte may be the mound which is still visible in the Dane John gardens near the stone castle (which may in turn be a Roman burial mound), with Dane John deriving from "donjon".

tone castle

The great stone keep was largely constructed in the reign of Henry I as one of three Royal castles in Kent. This massive structure, which has dimensions of about 98 by 85 feet externally at the base, was originally probably at least 80 feet high. It is mainly made of flint and sandstone rubble. By the 13th century the castle had become the county gaol. It was given up to the invading French in the First Barons' War. In 1380 a new gate was built. [ [http://www.canterbury.co.uk/cgi-bin/buildpage.pl?mysql=314 Canterbury Castle 1 canterbury.co.uk] ]

By the 19th century it had been obtained by a gas company and used as a storage centre for gas for many years, during which time the top floor was destroyed.

Tourist attraction

The Castle is now owned by the local authority and is open to the public all year round.

Images of Canterbury Castle

References

Further reading

*Fry, Plantagenet Somerset, "The David & Charles Book of Castles", David & Charles, 1980. ISBN 0-7153-7976-3

External links

* [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/keysites/castle.htm Canterbury Trust - Canterbury Castle]
* [http://www.canterbury.co.uk/thedms.asp?dms=13&venue=3030599 Norman Castle at Canterbury Castle]
* [http://www.canterburytrust.co.uk/schools/gallery/gall06.htm Archaeological and historical sources, reconstructions]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Canterbury — For the larger local government district, see City of Canterbury. For other uses, see Canterbury (disambiguation). Coordinates: 51°16′30″N 1°05′13″E / 51.275°N 1.0 …   Wikipedia

  • Castle class corvette — The Castle class corvettes were an updated version of the much more numerous Flower class corvettes of the Royal Navy, and started appearing during late 1943. They were equipped with radar as well as asdic.The Admiralty had decided to cease… …   Wikipedia

  • Castle Street, Canterbury — is full of Cathedral views, and architecture. Canterbury has various newsagents shops, a tourist centre, pools, a lovely of other attractions. People who live there think it is the best.A Main attraction in Canterbury is Castle Street, a street… …   Wikipedia

  • Canterbury Cathedral — Cathedral and Metropolitical Church of Christ at Canterbury Canterbury Cathedral from the city entrance …   Wikipedia

  • Canterbury — • The Ancient Diocese of Canterbury was the Mother Church and Primatial See of All England, from 597 till the death of the last Catholic Archbishop, Cardinal Pole, in 1558 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Canterbury     Canterb …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • CANTERBURY — CANTERBURY, cathedral city, Kent, England. Canterbury possessed one of the most important medieval Anglo Jewish communities, first mentioned c. 1160. The Jewish quarter was in the modern Jewry Street. Traces of the synagogue were to be seen in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Canterbury Cathedral — Kathedrale von Südwest Die Kathedrale von Canterbury in Canterbury, England ist mit ihrem 75 m hohen Turm, dem so genannten Bell Harry, ein meisterhaftes Bauwerk der Gotik. Die Kathedrale gehört zusammen mit der Abtei St. Augustinus und der St.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Castle Rock — Towns= Northern Ireland* Castlerock a town between Portstewart and Derry in Northern Ireland. * Castlerock railway stationIndia* Castle Rock, KarnatakaUnited StatesSeveral towns in the United States are named Castle Rock :* Castle Rock, Colorado… …   Wikipedia

  • HMS Canterbury — Three ships of the Royal Navy have borne the name HMS Canterbury , after the English city of Canterbury:*HMS|Canterbury|1692|6 was an 8 gun storeship purchased in 1692 and foundered in 1703. She was raised and then sold. *HMS|Canterbury|1693|6… …   Wikipedia

  • Museum of Canterbury — Canterbury Heritage Museum 250px Entrance in Stour Street Established 1987 Location Stour Street, Canterbury, Kent CT1 2NR Type Local history museum, Children s museum, Heritage museum …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.