- Foreign relations of Thailand
Thailand's foreign policy includes support for ASEANin the interest of regional stability and emphasis on a close and longstanding security relationship with the United States.
Thailand participates fully in international and regional organizations. It has developed increasingly close ties with other ASEAN members--Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Brunei, Laos, Cambodia, Burma, and Vietnam--whose foreign and economic ministers hold annual meetings. Regional cooperation is progressing in economic, trade, banking, political, and cultural matters. In 2003, Thailand served as APEC host. Supachai Panitchpakdi, the former Deputy Prime Minister of Thailand, currently serves as Director-General of the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 2005 Thailand attended the inaugural
East Asia Summit.
In recent years, Thailand has taken an increasingly active role on the international stage. When
East Timorgained independence from Indonesia, Thailand, for the first time in its history, contributed troops to the international peacekeeping effort. Its troops remain there today as part of a UN peacekeeping force. As part of its effort to increase international ties, Thailand has reached out to such regional organizations as the Organization of American States (OAS) and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE). Thailand has contributed troops to reconstruction efforts in Afghanistan and Iraq.
Disputes - international:parts of the border with
Laosare indefinite; maritime boundary with Vietnamresolved, August 1997; parts of border with Cambodiaare indefinite; maritime boundary with Cambodianot clearly defined; sporadic conflict with Burmaover alignment of border.
Illicit drugs:A minor producer of
opium, heroin, and marijuana; major illicit transit point for heroinen route to the international drug market from Burmaand Laos; eradication efforts have reduced the area of cannabiscultivation and shifted some production to neighboring countries; opium poppycultivation has been reduced by eradication efforts; also a drug money-launderingcenter; minor role in amphetamine production for regional consumption; increasing indigenous abuse of methamphetamines and heroin.
International organization participation
APEC, AsDB, ASEAN, BIMSTEC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Inmarsat,
Intelsat, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer), OPCW, PCA, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMIBH, UNTAET, UNU, UPU, WCL, WCO, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
In 2003, the
United Statesdesignated Thailand as a major non-NATO ally, which grants Thailand many financialand militarybenefits derived from the United States.
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