- Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh
Stafford Henry Northcote, 1st
Earl of IddesleighGCB PC ( 27 October 1818– 12 January 1887), British statesman, was born in Londonon 27 October 1818. His ancestors had long been settled in Devon, tracing their descent from Galfridas de Nordcote who settled there in 1103.
After Eton and
Balliol College, Oxford, he became in 1843 private secretary to William Ewart Gladstoneat the board of trade. He was afterwards legal secretary to the board; and after acting as one of the secretaries to the Great Exhibition of 1851, co-operated with Sir Charles Trevelyan in framing the report which revolutionized the conditions of appointment to the Civil Service. He succeeded his grandfather, Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, as 8th baronetin 1851. He entered Parliament in 1855 as Conservative Member of Parliamentfor Dudley, and was elected for Stamford in 1858, a seat which he exchanged in 1866 for North Devon.
Steadily supporting his party, he became
President of the Board of Tradein 1866, Secretary of State for Indiain 1867, and Chancellor of the Exchequerin 1874. In the interval between these last two appointments he was the president of the Hudson's Bay Companyin 1870, when they gave the Northwest Territoriesto Canada, and one of the commissioners for the settlement of the "Alabama" difficulty at the Treaty of Washington with the United Statesin 1871.
On Disraeli's elevation to the
House of Lordsas Earl of Beaconsfield in 1876 he became leader of the Conservative party in the Commons. As a finance minister he was largely dominated by the lines of policy laid down by Gladstone; but he distinguished himself by his dealings with the Debt, especially his introduction of the New Sinking fundin 1876, by which he fixed the annual charge for the Debt in such a way as to provide for a regular series of payments off the capital. His temper as leader was, however, too gentle to satisfy the more ardent spirits among his own followers, and party cabals (in which Lord Randolph Churchill, who had made a dead set at the "old gang," took a leading part) led to Sir Stafford's elevation to the Lords in 1885, when Lord Salisbury became prime minister. Taking the titles of Earl of Iddesleighand Viscount St Cyres, he was included in the cabinet as First Lord of the Treasury. In Lord Salisbury's 1886 ministry he became Foreign Secretary, but the arrangement was not a comfortable one, and his resignation had just been decided upon when on 12 January 1887he died very suddenly at Lord Salisbury's official residence in Downing Street.
Lord Iddesleigh was elected lord rector of the
University of Edinburghin 1883, in which capacity he addressed the students on the subject of "Desultory Reading". He was not a prolific or notable writer, but amongst his works were "Twenty Years of Financial Policy" (1862), a valuable study of Gladstonian finance, and "Lectures and Essays" (1887). His "Life" by Andrew Lang appeared in 1890. Lord Iddesleigh married in 1843 Cecilia Frances Farrer (d. 1910) (sister of Thomas, 1st Lord Farrer), by whom he had seven sons and three daughters. His second son, Henry, 1st Baron Northcote, was Governor-General of Australia1904–1908.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Stafford Northcote, 4th Earl of Iddesleigh — Stafford Henry Northcote, 4th Earl of Iddesleigh (14 July 1932 ndash; 8 July 2004) was a British member of the House of Lords.He was the only child of Sir Henry Stafford Northcote, 3rd Earl of Iddesleigh (1901 1970) and his wife Elizabeth Susan… … Wikipedia
Earl of Iddesleigh — Earl of Iddesleigh, in the County of Devon, is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1885 for the Conservative politician Sir Stafford Henry Northcote, 8th Baronet. He served as President of the Board of Trade, Secretary … Wikipedia
Northcote, Henry Stafford Northcote, Baron — ▪ British diplomat and statesman also called (from 1887) Sir Henry Stafford Northcote, Baronet born Nov. 18, 1846, London, Eng. died Sept. 29, 1911, Ashford, Kent British diplomat and administrator, governor general of Australia from… … Universalium
Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote — The Right Honourable The Lord Northcote GCMG, GCIE, CB, PC 3rd Governor General of Australia … Wikipedia
Michael Hicks Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn — The Right Honourable The Earl St Aldwyn PC, PC (Ire) … Wikipedia
Northcote — may refer to: Personal names Sir Geoffry Northcote (1881 1948), British colonial administrator Henry Northcote (disambiguation) James Northcote (1746 1831), British painter James Spencer Northcote (1821 1907), English priest and writer Stafford… … Wikipedia
NORTHCOTE, Henry Stafford, 1st baron (1846-1911) — third governor general of Australia was born on 18 November 1846, the second son of Sir Henry Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh. He was educated at Eton, and Merton College, Oxford, and in 1868 entered the foreign office as a clerk. In… … Dictionary of Australian Biography
Northcote, Sir Stafford Henry, 8th Baronet — ▪ British statesman also called (from 1885) 1st Earl Of Iddesleigh, Viscount Saint Cyres born Oct. 27, 1818, London, Eng. died Jan. 12, 1887, London British statesman and a leader of the Conservative Party who helped to shape national… … Universalium
Geoffry Northcote — Infobox Governor name=Sir Geoffry Alexander Stafford Northcote width=180px height=220px caption= order=20th office=Governor of Hong Kong term start=28 October 1937 term end=10 September 1941 lieutenant= predecessor=Sir Andrew Caldecott… … Wikipedia
Henry Northcote — may refer to: * Sir Henry Northcote, 5th Baronet (1710 ndash;1743), Member of Parliament for Exeter 1730 ndash;1743 * Henry Northcote, 1st Baron Northcote (1846 ndash;1911), third Governor General of Australia, See also: *Northcote * Stafford… … Wikipedia