Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory


Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

The Stanford Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (also known as Stanford AI Lab or SAIL) is the artificial intelligence (AI) research laboratory of Stanford University.

It was started in 1963 by John McCarthy, after he moved from Massachusetts Institute of Technology to Stanford. From 1965 to 1980, it was housed in the D.C. Power building (named after an executive of GTE), in the foothills of the Santa Cruz Mountains overlooking Stanford. During this period it was one of the leading centres for AI research.

In 1980, its activities were merged into the university's Computer Science Department and it moved into Margaret Jacks Hall in the main Stanford campus.

SAIL was reopened in 2004, with Sebastian Thrun becoming its new director. SAIL's 21st century mission is to "change the way we understand the world" [http://ai.stanford.edu/ Official website for the Stanford AI Laboratory] ] ; its researchers contribute to fields such as bioinformatics, cognition, computational geometry, computer vision, decision theory, distributed systems, game theory, general game playing, image processing, information retrieval, knowledge systems, logic, machine learning, multi-agent systems, natural language, neural networks, planning, probabilistic inference, sensor networks, and robotics.

Early years

The old SAIL building [http://www-db.stanford.edu/pub/voy/museum/pictures/AIlab/list.html#DCPOWER Photos of SAIL places and people] ] , the D.C. Power Building, was located about 5 miles (8 km) from the main campus at 1600 Arastradero Road, midway between Page Mill Road and Alpine Road. The site was on a hill overlooking Felt Lake. This area was, and remains, quite rural in nature. Combined with the rather extreme 1960s architecture of the place, this remote setting led to a certain isolation. Some people who worked there reported feeling as if they were already in the future. Unfortunately, the building was damaged during the Loma Prieta earthquake and the university decided to level the site. Today, the site is home to [http://www.portolapastures.org/ Portola Pastures] and is part of the Arastradero Open Space Preserve.

SAIL alumni played a major role in many Silicon Valley firms, becoming founders of now-large firms such as Cisco Systems and Sun Microsystems as well as smaller companies such as Vicarm Inc. (acquired by Unimation), Foonly, Imagen, Xidex, Valid Logic Systems [http://www-db.stanford.edu/pub/voy/museum/pictures/AIlab/SailFarewell.html The autobiography of SAIL] , a copy of a 1991 email about SAIL, from a Stanford website] , and D.E. Shaw & Co. Research accomplishments at SAIL were many, including in the fields of speech recognition and robotics.

SAIL also created the WAITS operating system. At SAIL, WAITS ran on various models of Digital Equipment Corporation PDP-10 computers, starting with the PDP-6, then the KA10 and KL10. WAITS also ran on Foonly systems at CCRMA and LLL. At one time, the SAIL system was a triple processor KL10/KA10/PDP-6. The SAIL system was shut down in 1991.

SAIL, the Stanford Artificial Intelligence Language, was developed by Dan Swinehart and Bob Sproull of the Stanford AI Lab in 1970 [ [http://foldoc.org/foldoc.cgi?Stanford+Artificial+Intelligence+Language Entry for Stanford Artificial Intelligence Language] from the Free On-line Dictionary of Computing] .

ee also

*MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory

References

External links

* [http://ai.stanford.edu/ SAIL homepage]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Artificial Intelligence Laboratory — may refer to:* Kiev Laboratory for Artificial Intelligence, a research institute in Kiev, Ukraine * MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, an interdisciplinary research entity at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology * Stanford Artificial… …   Wikipedia

  • MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory — Established July 1, 2003 July 1, 1963 (as Project MAC) Field of Research Computer science …   Wikipedia

  • artificial intelligence — the capacity of a computer to perform operations analogous to learning and decision making in humans, as by an expert system, a program for CAD or CAM, or a program for the perception and recognition of shapes in computer vision systems. Abbr.:… …   Universalium

  • Artificial intelligence — AI redirects here. For other uses, see Ai. For other uses, see Artificial intelligence (disambiguation). TOPIO, a humanoid robot, played table tennis at Tokyo International Robot Exhibition (IREX) 2009.[1] Artificial intelligence ( …   Wikipedia

  • History of artificial intelligence — The history of artificial intelligence begins in antiquity with myths, stories and rumors of artificial beings endowed with intelligence and consciousness by master craftsmen. In the middle of the 20th century, a handful of scientists began to… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford University School of Medicine — Mission …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford University School of Earth Sciences — The School of Earth Sciences (often referred to as the SES, or at Stanford as just The School ) is one of three schools at Stanford awarding both graduate and undergraduate degrees. Stanford s first faculty member was a professor of geology as… …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford Marguerite Shuttle — One of Stanford s Marguerite buses Marguerite is a free shuttle service Stanford University offers to its students, faculty, staff, and the general public. Stanford s history of providing free transportation is as old as the university itself. In …   Wikipedia

  • Stanford Smart Memories Project — Advances in VLSI technology now permit multiple processors to reside on a single integrated circuit chip, or IC. Such a processing system is known as a chip multiprocessor, or multi core CPU system. Building on this technology, the Stanford Smart …   Wikipedia

  • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory — SLAC redirects here. For other uses, see SLAC (disambiguation). SLAC at Stanford University The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, originally named Stanford Linear Accelerator Center,[1] …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.