- Port Royal, Nova Scotia
Port Royal is a small rural community in the western part of the Canadian province of
Nova Scotia. It is located on the north shore of the Annapolis Basin, a sub-basin of the Bay of Fundy, near the town of Annapolis Royal. Port Royal was the first permanent European settlement in North America north of Florida, having been founded in 1605by Pierre Dugua, Sieur de Montsand Samuel de Champlain.
De Monts built the
Habitation at Port-Royalin 1605 as a replacement for Champlain's initial attempt at colonising Ile Ste. Croix, located on the border between what is now Maineand New Brunswick. The Ile Ste. Croix settlement had failed due to the lack of food, water, and fuel wood on the island.
The actual buildings of the Habitation were burned to the ground in
1613by an English invasion force from Virginialed by sea marauder Samuel Argall.
King William's War
Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Port Royal (1690)
King William's War
May 19 1690
Port Royal, Nova Scotia
result=Massachusetts Bay victory
combatant1=Massachusetts Bay Colony
combatant2=French Colony of Acadia
strength1=7 warships with 78 cannon, 736 men (446 of them being militiamen)
strength2=80 soldiers, 2 cannon(none mounted)
casualties2=garrison of 80 surrendered, 58 plus 2 priests taken into captivityPort Royal was the scene of major fighting during
King William's War. Port Royal served as a safe harbor for French cruisers and supply point for Indians hostile to the New Englandcolonies. In 1690Port Royal was attacked and destroyed by an overwhelming force sent from New England. The force was commanded by William Phipsand consisted of "7 ships, armed with 78 cannon and carrying 736 men, 446 of them being militiamen." The French garrison consisted of only 80 soldiers and the fortifications were in a state of disrepair with the cannon that were available not even being mounted.
Realizing the hopelessness of the situation the local French commander negotiated an honorable surrender. Though in spite of the terms under the surrender, the New Englanders soon broke into 12 days of looting and pillaging. The cannon were removed and anything that could be deemed a fortification was levelled. William Phips also ordered the Acadian peasantry to swear an oath of allegiance to
William and Mary of England. Phips then determined to install a new government, he organized a provisional government by personally selecting French Acadian leaders to form a council.
In addition to his assault on Port Royal, Phips dispatched additional forces to destroy other French posts at the head of the
Bay of Fundyat Castine, La Havre, Chedabucto.
Queen Anne's War
Port Royal was attacked three times by the British and their colonists during
Queen Anne's War.
On September 24, 1710, 36 ships and 3,600 men laid siege. The French held out until October 13 when the 150 defenders of the fort surrendered. This ended French rule of Acadia.
In the 1930s the site of the Habitation was located and underwent archaeological excavation. The results of the excavation fed public interest in the period of the original French settlement, interest that was already increasing due to the publication of "
Quietly My Captain Waits", an historical novel by Evelyn Eatonset in Port Royal in the early 17th century.
The discovery of a duplicate set of plans in France for the original Habitation, together with public and political interest, led to the reconstruction in 1939-1941 of the Habitation on the original site. This reconstruction made the Habitation the very first National Historic Site in Canada to have a replica structure built. Today, the replica of the Habitation is considered a milestone in the Canadian heritage movement. Open to the public and staffed by historical interpreters in period costumes, it is a major tourist attraction.
* Monarchy in Nova Scotia
*John Mack Faragher, "A Great and Noble Scheme: The Tragic Story of the Expulsion of the French Acadians from their American Homeland" (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2005).
* [http://ns1763.ca/annapco/portroyal.html Photographs of historic plaques at the Port Royal Habitation National Historic Site, Nova Scotia]
* [http://ns1763.ca/annapco/scotchfort.html Photographs of the Scotch Fort historic monument at Port Royal, Nova Scotia]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Port Wallace, Nova Scotia — Infobox HRM Community Neighbourhood Planning Area = Dartmouth GNBC Code = CBRRA Communities = Albro Lake, Bell Ayr Park, Brightwood, Burnside, Commodore Park, Crichton Park, Crystal Heights, Downtown Dartmouth, Ellenvale, Grahams Corner,… … Wikipedia
Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia — Infobox Settlement official name = Pagename other name = native name = nickname = settlement type = Town motto = imagesize = image caption = Annapolis Royal skyline flag size = image seal size = image shield = shield size = city logo = citylogo… … Wikipedia
Garrison Cemetery (Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia) — Garrison Cemetery is a cemetery located on the grounds of Fort Anne in Annapolis Royal, Nova Scotia. Geography Located in the town of Annapolis Royal, Canada s oldest town and the oldest in North America, north of St. Augustine Florida. The town… … Wikipedia
Port Royal (disambiguation) — Port Royal may refer to:Geography;Canada * Port Royal, Nova Scotia, a community in western Nova Scotia and location of Habitation at Port Royal, a National Historic Site * Port Royal, Nova Scotia (Isle Madame), a community in eastern Nova… … Wikipedia
Nova Scotia — Nouvelle Écosse (French) Alba Nuadh (Gaelic) … Wikipedia
Nova Scotia — Nova Scotian. /noh veuh skoh sheuh/ 1. a peninsula and province in SE Canada: once a part of the French province of Acadia. 812,127; 21,068 sq. mi. (54,565 sq. km). Cap.: Halifax. 2. Informal. See Nova Scotia salmon. * * * Province (pop., 2001:… … Universalium
Nova Scotia — • One of the maritime provinces of Canada Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Nova Scotia Nova Scotia † … Catholic encyclopedia
Nova Scotia — Nouvelle Écosse, Alba Nuadh Neuschottland Wappen Flagge (Details) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Nova Scotia, Bristol — Nova Scotia Hotel … Wikipedia
Port-Royal (Isle Madame) — Port Royal Administration Pays Canada Province … Wikipédia en Français