Cnemaspis


Cnemaspis
Cnemaspis
Unidentified Cnemaspis gecko from the Western Ghats. Note the round pupil.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Gekkonidae
Subfamily: Gekkoninae
Genus: Cnemaspis
Strauch, 1887
A Cnemaspis gecko from the Western Ghats

Cnemaspis is a genus of diurnal gecko found in Asia. With around 75 species it is one of the most diverse genera of geckos or even lizards.

Description

Members in this genus have slender clawed digits which are cylindrical or depressed at the base (rarely dilated); the distal phalanges are compressed, forming an angle with the basal portion of the digits, the lower surface of which has a row of plates. Body more or less depressed, granular or tubercular above. Tail not compressed. Pupil circular; eyelid distinct all round the eye. Males with or without pre-anal or femoral pores.[1]

Classification of genus Cnemaspis

  • Cnemaspis barbouri
  • Cnemaspis baueri
  • Cnemaspis dickersoni, Dickerson's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis dilepis, Two-scaled Gecko
  • Cnemaspis dringi
  • Cnemaspis flavolineata, Yellow-Striped Rock Gecko
  • Cnemaspis gordongekkoi
  • Cnemaspis kendallii, Kendall's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis koehleri, Koehler's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis kumarasinghei
  • Cnemaspis modiglianii
  • Cnemaspis molligodai
  • Cnemaspis neangthyi
  • Cnemaspis occidentalis, Western Gecko
  • Cnemaspis quattuorseriata, Sternfeld's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis retigalensis
  • Cnemaspis samanalensis
  • Cnemaspis scalpensis, Jerdon’s Day Gecko

the Africa group

  • Cnemaspis africana, African Gecko, Tanzania
  • Cnemaspis alantika, Mt.Alantika Day Gecko, Cameroon
  • Cnemaspis gigas, Perret's Nigeria Gecko
  • Cnemaspis petrodroma , Nigeria Crag Gecko
  • Cnemaspis spinicollis Müller, 1907, Cameroon Collared Gecko
  • Cnemaspis uzungwae, Tanzania Gecko

the Indian Subcontinent and Sri Lanka group

the Sundaland group

  • Cnemaspis affinis, Stoliczka's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis argus Dring, 1979,[6] Dring's Gecko
  • Cnemaspis aurantiacopes Grismer & Ngo, 2007[7]
  • Cnemaspis baueri Das & Grismer 2003, Johor, West Malaysia.
  • Cnemaspis bayuensis Grismer , Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008
  • Cnemaspis biocellata Grismer, Chan, Nurolhuda & Sumontha 2008,[8] Malaysia, Southern Thailand
  • Cnemaspis boulengeri Strauch 1887, Vietnam
  • Cnemaspis chanardi Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis chanthaburiensis Bauer & Das 1998, Chanthaburi Rock Gecko - Khao Soi Dao Wildlife Sanctuary, Chanthaburi Province, Khao Khiew Wildlife Sanctuary, Chon Buri Province, Thailand; Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia
  • Cnemaspis caudanivea Grismer & Ngo, 2007[10]
  • Cnemaspis dringi Das & Bauer 1998 Sarawak, East Malaysia, Borneo
  • Cnemaspis dezwaani Das 2005[11]
  • Cnemaspis flavigaster Chan & Grismer 2008 Selangor, Peninsular Malaysia
  • Cnemaspis flavolineata (Nicholls, 1949)
  • Cnemaspis huaseesom Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis jacobsoni Das 2005[11]
  • Cnemaspis kamolnorranathi Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis karsticola Grismer , Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008
  • Cnemaspis kendallii (Gray, 1845) Malaysia, Borneo, Pahang, West Malaysia; Riao Archipelago, Indonesia; Bukit Timah, Singapore
  • Cnemaspis kumpoli Taylor 1963 Thailand, Malaysia peninsular
  • Cnemaspis limi Das & Grismer 2003 Pahang, West Malaysia
  • Cnemaspis mcguirei Grismer , Grismer, Wood & Chan 2008, McGuire's Rock Gecko, Bukit Larut, Perak, Malaysia
  • Cnemaspis modiglianii Das 2005[11]
  • Cnemaspis narathiwatenisis Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis nigridia (Smith, 1925) Borneo Black Gecko, Sarawak, East Malaysia Borneo
  • Cnemaspis niyomwanae Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis nuicamensis Grismer & Ngo, 2007[10]
  • Cnemaspis pemanggilensis Grismer & Das 2006 Johor, West Malaysia
  • Cnemaspis phuketensis Das & Leon, 2004,[12] Phuket Day Gecko
  • Cnemaspis punctatonuchalis Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis roticanai Grismer & Onn, 2010[13]
  • Cnemaspis siamensis (Smith, 1925) Siamese Gecko, peninsular Thailand
  • Cnemaspis tucdupensis Grismer & Ngo, 2007[10]
  • Cnemaspis timoriensis Duméril & Bibron 1836,[14] Timor Gecko
  • Cnemaspis vandeventeri Grismer, Sumontha, Cota, Grismer, Wood, Pauwels & Kunya, 2010[9]
  • Cnemaspis whittenorum Das 2005[11]

References

  1. ^ Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia. (Referring to Gonatodes)
  2. ^ Mendis Wickramasinghe & Munindradasa, 2007. Review of the genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae) in Sri Lanka with the description of five new species. Zootaxa 1490: 1-63.
  3. ^ Mukherjee, D., S Bhupathy, A. M. A. Nixon (2005) A new species of day gecko (Squamata, Gekkonidae, Cnemaspis) from the Anaikatti Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu, India Current Science. 89(8). [1]
  4. ^ Indraneil Das (2005) Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39(2):233–247 [2]
  5. ^ Giri, Varad B.; Aaron M. Bauer & Kshamata S. Gaikwad (21 July 2009). "A new ground-dwelling species of Cnemaspis Strauch (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from the northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India" (PDF). Zootaxa (Magnolia Press) 2164: 49–60. ISSN 1175-5334. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2009/f/z02164p060f.pdf. Retrieved 2009-07-27. 
  6. ^ Dring, 1979. Amphibians and reptiles from northern Trengganu, Malaysia, with descriptions of two new geckos: Cnemaspis and Cyrtodactylus. Bulletin of The British Museum (Natural History) Zoology 34 (5): 181-241.
  7. ^ Grismer, L. L. and Ngo, V. T. (2007). Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500. [3]
  8. ^ Grismer, L.L., Onn, C.K., Nasir, N. and Sumontha, M. 2008. A new species of karst dwelling gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from the border region of Thailand and Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa, 1875: 51-68. [4]
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Grismer, L.L., Sumontha, M., Cota, M., Grismer, J.L., Wood Jr., P.L., Pauwels, O.S.G. & Kunya, K. 2010. A revision and redescription of the rock gecko Cnemaspis siamensis (Taylor 1925)(Squamata:Gekkonidae) from Peninsular Thailand with a description of seven new species. Zootaxa 2576: 1-55.
  10. ^ a b c Grismer, L. L. and Ngo, V. T. (2007). Four new species of the gekkonid genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Reptilia: Squamata) from Southern Vietnam. Herpetologica 63 (4): 482-500. [5]
  11. ^ a b c d Das, I. (2005) Revision of the Genus Cnemaspis Strauch, 1887 (Sauria: Gekkonidae), from the Mentawai and Adjacent Archipelagos off Western Sumatra, Indonesia, with the Description of Four New Species. Journal of Herpetology 39(2):233–247 [6]
  12. ^ Das and Leon (2004). A new species of Cnemaspis(Sauria: Gekkonidae) from Southern Thailand. Current Herpetology. 23 (2):63-71.
  13. ^ Grismer, L. L. and Onn, C. K. (2010). Another new Rock Gecko (genus Cnemaspis Strauch 1887) from Pulau Langkawi, Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Zootaxa 2419: 51-62. [7]
  14. ^ Duméril and Bibron (1836). Erpetologie Générale ou Histoire Naturelle Complete des Reptiles. Vol.3. Libr. Encyclopédique Roret, Paris, 528 pp.

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