- Hachinohe, Aomori
Infobox City Japan
April 30, 2008
Tree= Japanese Yew
Mayor= Makoto Kobayashi
CityHallAddress= 1-1-1, Uchimaru, Hachinohe-shi, Aomori-ken
CityHallLink= [http://www.city.hachinohe.aomori.jp/ Hachinohe City]
Hachinohe (八戸市; -shi) is a city located in
Aomori Prefecture, Japan.
As of 2008, the city has an estimated
populationof 241,613 and a density of 792 persons per km². The total area is 305.17 km².
The city was founded on
May 1, 1929. It was a castle townduring the Tokugawa era (1603–1867) and served as a small commercial centre and port for the fishing grounds off southeastern Hokkaidō. Today, the port still serves the fishing industry as well as a number of international cargo vessels.
The northern terminus of the
Tōhoku Shinkansenis at Hachinohe Station.
The symbol of Hachinohe is a black horse, called the
Yawata-uma, with gold saddle markings and a decorative plume attached to its head. The Hachinohe area has been known since the Kamakura period (1185 - 1333) for its breed of battle horses. Their farming horses have supported the lives of the commoners and have often been used as the theme for dances and folk tales. Horses have played an important role in the people's lives; thus the art of Yawata-uma figurines, or carved and painted wooden horses emerged and has become a regional art form.
Meiji era, there was a debate as to whether the capital of newly-formed Aomori Prefectureshould be at Hachinohe or Hirosaki; in the end the Meiji governmentdecided to build a new town called Aomori and designate it as the capital of the prefecture.
March 31, 2005the village of Nangou was merged into Hachinohe.
Tourist Attractions and Festivals
Kabushima Shrine (see photo below) is a sacred shrine that also serves as a habitat for forty thousand seagulls. It is situated on the bayside. There is a festival there on the third Sunday of April each year.
Enburi is a city-wide festival which is also celebrated in nearby towns. The object of the festival is to pray for a bountiful harvest in the coming year. It originated as a dance with an agricultural tool (the "eburi"; "enburi" is a local pronunciation), which was used to teach people how to cultivate the land. Nowadays it is a parade of 15-20 people, with 3-5 dancers and a singer accompanied by wooden flutes, drums and bells. The festival takes place February 17–20, and marks the official end of the long, harsh winter.
Sansha Taisai is another city-wide festival and is considered to be the main festival of the town. It is also billed as "Japan's Biggest Float Festival". "Sansha" means "three shrines" and "Taisai" means "festival": It is held by three shrines ("jinja"): "Ogami Jinja", "Shinra Jinja", and "Shinmeigu". Floats proceed through the main streets of the city, accompanied by people with drums, flutes and loud calls. 27 different floats are used, and they are proudly constructed and flourished by the members of various organisations, such as schools and the city hall. The floats are also accompanied by men in samurai costumes on horseback, and Tiger Dancers. On the second and third days of the festival, a traditional game of a sport similar to polo is held at the stables of Shinra Shrine. This sport (賀美流騎馬打毬 - "Kaga BiRyu Kiba Dakyû") is officially an "intangible cultural asset" of the prefecture of Aomori. Sansha Taisai takes place from July 31st to August 4th every year.
The ruins of
Hachinohe Castleare located in the city.
Hachinohe has the following sister city, according to [http://www.cityoffederalway.com/Page.aspx?view=183] :
Federal Way, Washington
* [http://www.city.hachinohe.aomori.jp/ Hachinohe official website] in Japanese
* [http://hometown.infocreate.co.jp/en/tohoku/hachino/hachin-e.html Hachinohe Information page]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Hachinohe — shi 八戸市 Geographische Lage in Japan … Deutsch Wikipedia
Hachinohe Castle — is a castle that is located in Hachinohe, Aomori, Japan. During the Edo Era, the castle was the headquarters of the Nanbu clan. All that remains of the castle today are a few slight slopes which indicate the location of the walls.External links*… … Wikipedia
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Hachinohe Expressway — Infobox road highway name = Hachinohe Expressway (八戸自動車道) marker length = 81.3 km [cite web| url= http://www.e nexco.co.jp/more expressway/data/ | title= E NEXCO Expressway Data | accessdate= 2008 04 13 ] established = 1986 [cite web| url=… … Wikipedia
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Hachinohe mine — The Nihongo|Hachinohe mine|八戸鉱山|Hachinohe Kōzan is an open pit mine in Hachinohe, Aomori Prefecture, Japan. It is mined for limestone and currently operated by the Sumimetal Mining Company.The mine is the lowest point in Japan at 160 meters below … Wikipedia
Hachinohe University — nihongo|Hachinohe University|八戸大学|Hachinohe daigaku is a private university in Hachinohe, Aomori, Japan, established in 1981.External Links* [http://www.hachinohe u.ac.jp/daigaku/ Official website] ja icon … Wikipedia
Hachinohe Institute of Technology — nihongo|Hachinohe Institute of Technology|八戸工業大学|Hachinohe kogyō daigaku is a private university in Hachinohe, Aomori, Japan, established in 1972.External Links* [http://www.hi tech.ac.jp/eng/index.html Official website] ja icon … Wikipedia
Aomori Broadcasting Corporation — (RAB, 青森放送株式会社, Aomori Hōsō Kabushiki Gaisha ) is a television and radio broadcaster in Aomori, Japan. It is affiliated with Japan Radio Network (JRN), National Radio Network (NRN), Nippon News Network (NNN) and Nippon Television Network System… … Wikipedia