Double-eyed Fig-parrot


Double-eyed Fig-parrot

Taxobox
name = Double-Eyed Fig-Parrot
status = LC | status_system = IUCN3.1Breeding season: August through to OctoberFound: Mostly in the Daintree rainforest (Australia)Habitat: fig trees or crowded trees


image_width = 220px
image_caption = Double-Eyed Fig-Parrot at Brisbane Forest Park
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Aves
ordo = Psittaciformes
familia = Psittacidae
tribus = Cyclopsitticini
genus = "Cyclopsitta"
species = "C. diophthalma"
binomial = "Cyclopsitta diophthalma"
binomial_authority = (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1841)

The Double-Eyed Fig-Parrot "Cyclopsitta diophthalma", also known as the Blue-Faced Fig-Parrot, Red-Faced Fig-parrot, Dwarf Fig-Parrot, and the Two-Eyed Fig-Parrot, inhabits primarily the island of New Guinea, but is also found in isolated communities along the tropical Australian coast, east of the Great Dividing Range. With an average individual size of about 5 1/2 in. (14 cm) it is the smallest parrot in Australia.

The Double-Eyed Fig-Parrot is sexually dimorphic, with males having much brighter plumage than females. It is predominantly green with an extremely short tail, a disproportionately large head and bill, and red and blue facial markings. Its name derives from the cheek patches of some subspecies that resemble eyes.

Although assessed as of Least Concern by the IUCN, certain subspecies are under threat. Coxen’s Fig-Parrot (subspecies "coxeni") is of one Australia's rarest and least known birds, having been recorded on fewer than 200 occasions since being described by Gould in 1866. It is classified as Endangered in Queensland (Nature Conservation Act 1992), New South Wales (New South Wales Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995), and also nationally in Australia (Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999) as it has declined due, at least in part, to the clearing of lowland subtropical rainforest over its range.

Behavior

The Double-eyed Fig-Parrot generally forages for figs, berries, seeds, nectar, and the grubs of wood-boring insects. This foraging is done in pairs or in a flock of only a few individuals. It tends to fly in a quick and direct manner. It produces a short and shrill call. Unlike many other parrots which generally use existing holes in trees for nests, Double-Eyed Fig-Parrots excavate their own nest cavities, usually in a rotten tree.

Double-Eyed Fig-Parrots utter high-pitched, clipped, two or three note "zzzt-zzzt" or "zeet-zeet" calls, unlike the rolling or trilling screeches typical of lorikeets. These calls are mostly made in flight, but sometimes when perched. When engrossed in feeding, Fig-Parrots may also make a variety of softer, chattering noises.

ubspecies

There are eight described subspecies of the Double-Eyed Fig-parrot.

* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma diophthalma"
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma festetichi"
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma aruensis"
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma virago"
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma inseparabilis"
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma marshalli" (Marshall's Fig-Parrot)
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma macleayana" (Macleay's Fig-Parrot or Red-browed Fig-Parrot)
* "Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni" (Coxen's Fig-Parrot)

References

* Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

* Queensland Government website:

* "Recovery Plan for the Coxen's Fig-Parrot" Cyclopsitta diophthalma coxeni "(Gould)", New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service, July 2002

* The Parrot Society UK:


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Double-eyed Fig Parrot — Male C .d. marshalli Conservation status …   Wikipedia

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  • Coxen's Fig-Parrot — Coxen’s Fig Parrot Conservation status Endangered Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia Phylum …   Wikipedia

  • Coxen's fig-parrot — /kɒksənz ˈfɪg pærət/ (say koksuhnz fig paruht) noun a critically endangered subspecies of the double eyed fig parrot, Cyclopsitta diopthalma coxeni, existing in fragmented populations in lowland coastal rainforests between Port Macquarie, NSW and …   Australian English dictionary

  • Marshall's fig-parrot — /maʃəlz ˈfɪg pærət / (say mahshuhlz fig paruht) noun a subspecies of the double eyed fig parrot, Cyclopsitta diopthalma marshalli, of Cape York peninsula; lorilet …   Australian English dictionary

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  • List of birds of Papua New Guinea — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Papua New Guinea. The avifauna of Papua New Guinea includes a total of 781 species, of which 76 are endemic, one has been introduced by humans, and 18 are rare or accidental. 28 species are globally… …   Wikipedia


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