Television in Finland


Television in Finland

Television was introduced in Finland in 1957, and digitalized in 2007/2008. Color television started in 1969. Prior to 1986, YLE monopolized the Finnish television. All terrestrial analogue stations stopped broadcasting on September 1, 2007. Cable providers were allowed to continue analog broadcasting in their networks until March 1, 2008. Typically, foreign-language content is subtitled, retaining the original language soundtrack. Foreign programming intended for children is, however, usually dubbed into one of the national languages. Regardless of the intended audience, many shows receive a Finnish and/or Swedish title which is used in programme schedules.

Contents

Digital terrestrial

Digital terrestrial television was launched on August 21, 2001. The analogue networks continued its broadcasts alongside the digital ones until September 1, 2007, when they were shut down nationwide.

Before the analogue switchoff, the terrestrial network had three multiplexes: MUX A, MUX B and MUX C. MUX A contained the channels of the public broadcaster Yleisradio and MUX B was shared between the two commercial broadcasters: MTV3 and Nelonen. MUX C contained channels of various other broadcasters. After the analogue closedown, a fourth multiplex named MUX E was launched.

In addition the free-to-air broadcasts, two companies are providing encryption cards for pay television: Canal Digital and PlusTV. Canal Digital was the first to launch, originally only offering four Canal+ channels (the Disney Channel was added later on). PlusTV was launched in November 2006, originally only broadcasting MTV3 Max and Subtv Juniori (later on adding Subtv Leffa and Urheilu+kanava). Both packages got more channels with the launch of MUX E in September 2007: SVT Europa and MTV3 Fakta was added to PlusTV and KinoTV was added to Canal Digital, while Discovery Channel, Eurosport, MTV Finland and Nickelodeon were added to both packages.

September 2007 also saw the launch of the SveaTV package in Ostrobothnia which broadcasts Swedish language channels from a special multiplex.

On the digital platform, subtitling isn't a part of the video stream, but is delivered as a separate data stream, which allows subtitling in multiple languages and the option to remove subtitles. Due to technical problems with the subtitles, many people cancelled their television licenses.[citation needed] This meant that YLE had to make drastic budget cuts. The digital channel YLE Extra was closed on December 31, 2007 and was replaced by YLE TV1+, a simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. TV1+ was closed on August 4, 2008 due to it's low viewing share.[1]

Cable

Analogue cable television were switched off in Finland on 1 March 2008. Finnish major cable operators are DNA, Welho and TTV operating in Turku, Helsinki and Tampere areas. All pay television uses digital broadcasts, DVB-C set-top boxes have been available since 2001. Commercial HDTV-broadcasting has started even only small amount of program.

Satellite

Digital satellite television started in Nordic countries, and also in Finland, by Multichoice Nordic pay-TV platform during 1996. First set-top boxes available were manufactured by Nokia and Pace. After that service merged with Canal Digital which started late 1997. Competing pay television Viasat and YLE's channel TV Finland started digital broadcasts in 1999.

Canal Digital launched some HDTV-channels, like Discovery HD, on their digital paytv-package during 2006. Pan-European HDTV-channel Euro1080 HD1 is available also in Finland.

Other technologies

After test period during 2005-2006, commercial mobile pay television service based on DVB-H standard will start in the beginning of 2007; among the services available will be Voice TV and Kiss digital radio.

Elisa is offering digital television on ADSL.

List of channels

All YLE channels are broadcast free-to-air, so are a few commercial ones including MTV3, Nelonen, Sub, JIM, TV5 and The Voice. YLE channels are state owned and they are funded by a television license fee.

Most of the offer is the same throughout mainland Finland. There is however a local channel called Turku TV in the Turku area. This channel uses the space allocated to Iskelmä/Harju & Pöntinen and Disney Channel elsewhere. In Ostrobothnia there is an extra multiplex available which provides encrypted Swedish language channels.[2]

Channel list

No. Channel Name Free-to-air Description
1. YLE TV1 Yes documentaries, news, educative programmes
2. YLE TV2 Yes news, sport, entertainment, child's programmes
3. MTV3 Yes films, series, domestic drama, news
4. Nelonen Yes domestic series, international shows, news
5. YLE FST5 Yes programs by the Swedish department of YLE and SVT World's programmes
6. Sub Yes imported series, old favourites, domestic programmes
7. YLE Teema Yes culture, science, education
8. Liv Yes women's programmes, lifestyle programmes, films
9. JIM Yes series, documentaries
10. TV5 Yes films, series, documentaries
11. The Voice Yes music, entertainment
12. SuomiTV Yes series, harness racing
14. Iskelmä/Harju & Pöntinen Yes schlager music (not in Greater Turku)
20. Turku TV Yes local programmes and news (only in Greater Turku)
40. MTV3 MAX No men's programmes
41. MTV3 Fakta No science, documentaries
42. MTV3 Leffa No films
43. MTV3 Juniori No child's programmes
44. Discovery Channel No documentaries
45. Eurosport No sports
46. MTV Finland No music, entertainment
47. Nelonen Pro 1 No sports
48. Nelonen Pro 2 No sports
49. Nelonen Kino No films
50. Nelonen Perhe No family-friendly programming
51. Nelonen Maailma No documentaries
52. Disney Channel No child's programmes (not in Greater Turku)
53. CANAL+ First No films
54. CANAL+ Series No series
55. CANAL+ Urheilu No sports
56. CANAL+ Aitio No sports, films
57. URHOtv No sports
58. Nickelodeon No child's programmes
69. Digiviihde No pornographic films
99. AdultTV.fi No pornographic films

DVB-T2 channels

No. Channel Name Free-to-view Description HD Frequency
21. YLE HD Yes YLE's programmes in HD Yes UHF
22. YLE HD Yes (Free-to-air) YLE's programmes in HD Yes VHF
23. MTV3 HD No MTV3's programmes in HD Yes UHF
24. Nelonen HD No Nelonen's programmes in HD Yes UHF
59. Nelonen Pro 1 HD No sports Yes VHF
60. Nelonen Pro 2 HD No sports Yes VHF
61. Nelonen Kino No films No VHF
62. Nelonen Perhe No family friendly programming No VHF
63. Nelonen Maailma No documentaries No VHF
67. CANAL+ Urheilu HD No sports Yes UHF
80. Discovery Channel No documentaries No VHF
82. URHOtv No sports No VHF
83. Eurosport No sports No VHF
85. Animal Planet HD No documentaries Yes VHF
86. Showtime No documentaries No VHF
87. MTV Live HD No music and entertainment Yes VHF
88. TNT7 HD No series Yes VHF

Upcoming DVB-T2 channels

No. Channel Name Free-to-view Description HD Frequency Reference
33. Radio City TV Yes music, starts operating 2012.01.01 No UHF [3]
34. France24 Yes news No UHF [3]
64. Animal Planet No documentaries No UHF [3]
65. Discovery HD Showcase No documentaries Yes UHF [3]
66. Eurosport HD No sports Yes UHF [3]
BBC World No news No UHF [3]
Canal+ Film HD No films Yes VHF [4]
Canal+ Series HD No series Yes VHF [4]
Discovery Channel No documentaries No UHF [3]
National Geographic No documentaries No VHF [4]
Nickelodeon No child's programmes No VHF [4]
Silver SD No films No UHF [3]

Defunct stations

Tesvisio (1956–1965) First Finnish tv channel. Tesvisio was bought by YLE in 1964. The channel was replaced by TV2 in 1965.
Tamvisio (1957–1965) Tesvisio's sister channel in Tampere area. The channel was replaced by TV2 in 1965.
MTV (1957–1992) The predecessor of MTV3. Operated in YLE's channels.
Kolmoskanava (1986–1992) The predecessor of MTV3 and first nationwide commercial television station.
PTV (1989–1997) The predecessor of Nelonen.
TVTV! (2000–2001) The predecessor of Sub.
ATV (1999–2002) Local Gonzo-journalistic cable-channel in Helsinki area.
MoonTV (1997–2003) Urban culture cable channel in largest cities. The channel was shut down after the company that owned it filed for bankruptcy.
MTV3+ (2002–2006) Additional programming, interactive entertainment. Was replaced by MTV3 MAX.
Nelonen Plus (2003–2007) Replaced by JIM in February 2007.
YLE24 (2001–2007) The news channel of YLE. Discontinued in April 2007 and was replaced by Yle Extra.
YLE Extra (2007) Live events channel of YLE. Discontinued in December 2007 and was replaced by Yle TV1+.
YLE TV1+ (2008) A simulcast of TV1 with subtitles included in the video stream. Discontinued in August 2008.
Diggari (2004–2009) Cable channel, focused operating outside Helsinki area.
Urheilukanava (2001–2010) Sports channel was replaced by Nelonen Sport in February 2010.
Urheilu+kanava (2007–2010) Sports channel was replaced by Nelonen Sport Pro in February 2010.
klubi.tv (2007–2011) Music channel. Broadcasted in nighttime. Discontinued in January 2011

Viewing shares

Channels 1988
[5]
1989
[5]
1990
[5]
1991
[5]
1994
[6]
1995
[7]
1996
[8][7]
1997
[8][7]
1998
[9][7]
1999
[10][7]
2000
[11][7]
2001
[12][7]
2002
[13][7]
2003
[14][7]
2004
[15][7]
2005
[16][7]
2006
[17]
2007
[18]
2008
[19]
2009
[20]
2010
[21]
YLE TV1 34 36 33 33 25 25 26.7 25.4 25 23 22.6 22.8 23.6 23.3 24.6 24.5 23.8 23.8 24.1 21.9 22.2
YLE TV2 23 20 21 19 19 20 21.5 23.0 21 21 19.7 20.5 21.8 20.0 20.3 19.1 20.0 17.4 16.8 17.7 18.9
MTV3 46 46 44.6 43.6 42.2 42 40.4 39.1 37.0 38.1 34.7 32.6 29.0 25.7 22.9 22.8 21.6
YLE FST5[nb 1] 2 2 2 2 2 0.2 0.7 1.6 1.8 1.6
SVT Channels 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Nelonen[nb 2] 2.7 3.5 7 10 11.5 11.6 11.6 11.3 11.5 12.4 11.9 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.3
Sub[nb 3] 0.5 0.8 1.2 1.8 2.5 4.2 4.6 6.0 6.0 6.7 6.5
Eurosport 1 1 1 1 1 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Music TV 1 1 1 1 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.5
YLE Teema 0.6 1.3 2.2 2.6 2.5
JIM[nb 4] 0.1 1.2 2.6 2.6 2.9
TV5/The Voice[nb 5] 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.5 2.0
MTV Oy Pay TV 0.2 1.3 2.4 2.5 2.2
Nelonen Sport[nb 6] 0.7 1.2 1.3 1.3 0.6
YLE Extra[nb 7] 0.7 0.8
Discovery Channel 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Nelonen Pay TV 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
Canal+ Channels 1.1 0.8 0.8 0.6
TV1000 Channels 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.3
Disney Channels 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
TV4 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Digiviihde 0.1 0.1 0.0
TurkuTV 0.1
Animal Planet 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iskelmä/Harju&Pöntinen 0.1 0.2 0.2
Liv 0.7 1.9
SuomiTV 0.7
UrhoTV 0.2
BBC Channels 0.2

Notes

  1. ^ 1994 - August 2006 YLE FST. FST's output was included in the programming of YLE's two main television channels, YLE TV1 and YLE TV2.
  2. ^ 1996 - May 1997 PTV4
  3. ^ 2000 - August 2001 TVTV!. August 2001 - January 2008 Subtv
  4. ^ 2006 - February 2007 Nelonen Plus
  5. ^ The Voice and TV5 operated in same channel from September 2008 to April 2011.
  6. ^ 2006 - February 2010 Urheilukanava. Nelonen Sport became part of Nelonen Pay TV in January 2011.
  7. ^ 2006 - April 2007 YLE24. YLE Extra ceased broadcasting in December 2007.

See also

References

  1. ^ "YLEn TV1+ - palvelu päättyy elokuussa [YLE's TV1+ - service ends in August]" (in Finnish). Digita Oy. 2008.07.11. http://www.digitv.fi/sivu.asp?path=1;699;3026;10725. Retrieved 23 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "SveaTV-kanalplatser". VLT. http://www.vlp.fi/index.php?sivu=sveatv-kanalplatserna. Retrieved 2007-12-22. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "HD - Teräväpiirtotelevisio [HD - High-definition television]" (in Finnish). Digita Oy. 2011.07.28. http://digitv.fi/sivu.asp?path=1;10689. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d "Televisioverkot ja -kanavat [Television networks and channels]" (in Finnish). Ministry of Transport and Communications. 2011.03.31. http://www.lvm.fi/c/document_library/get_file?folderId=1551281&name=DLFE-11886.ppt&title=Televisiotoiminnan%20toimiluvat,%20tilanne%2031.3.2011. Retrieved 31 July 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Television:Television: channel shares 1999 - 2009 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 15 December 2010. http://stat.fi/til/jvie/2009/jvie_2009_2010-12-15_tau_004_en.xls. Retrieved 25 August 2011. "columns: B, C, D, E" 
  6. ^ "Television: Television: channel shares 1994 - 2004 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 12 October 2005. http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/jvie/2004/jvie_2004_2005-10-12_tau_075_en.xls. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Television: Television: channel shares 1995 - 2005 (Excel)". Tilastokeskus. 9 November 2006. http://tilastokeskus.fi/til/jvie/2005/jvie_2005_2006-11-09_tau_004_en.xls. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group - Annual Report 1997" (PDF). Alma Media, Aamulehti Group, MTV Group. 1998. p. 21. http://web.lib.hse.fi/FI/yrityspalvelin/pdf/1997/ealmamed.pdf. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  9. ^ "Alma Media - Annual Report 1998" (PDF). Alma Media. 1999. pp. 20–21. http://web.lib.hse.fi/FI/yrityspalvelin/pdf/1998/Ealmamed.pdf. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  10. ^ "TV:n katseluosuudet minuuteista" (in Finnish). Archive.org: Finnpanel. 8 March 2000. Archived from the original on 9 March 2001. http://web.archive.org/web/20010309100410/http://www.finnpanel.fi/tv_osuudet_min_heinsyys2000.html. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  11. ^ "Alma Media - Annual Report 2000" (PDF). Alma Media. 2001. p. 29. http://web.lib.hse.fi/FI/yrityspalvelin/pdf/2000/Ealmamed.pdf. Retrieved 25 August 2011. 
  12. ^ "Alma Media - Annual Report 2001" (PDF). Alma Media. 2002. p. 22. http://web.lib.hse.fi/FI/yrityspalvelin/pdf/2001/Ealmamed.pdf. 
  13. ^ "YLE-kertomukset 2002" (in Finnish). Yleisradio. 2003. http://www.yle.fi/yleista/2002/vk/tilastot_yleiso_tv.htm. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  14. ^ "YLE-kertomukset 2003" (in Finnish). Yleisradio. 2004. http://www.yle.fi/yleista/2003/yk/gr_katse.html. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  15. ^ "Finnpanel - TV:n katseluosuudet minuuteista" (in Finnish). Archive.org: Finnpanel. 20 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060528000156/http://www.finnpanel.fi/tulokset/tv/vuosi/viimeisin/minuutit.html. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  16. ^ "Finnpanel - TV:n katseluosuudet minuuteista" (in Finnish). Archive.org: Finnpanel. 20 January 2006. Archived from the original on 28 May 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060528000156/http://www.finnpanel.fi/tulokset/tv/vuosi/viimeisin/minuutit.html. Retrieved 24 August 2011. 
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^

External links

  • Ficora - Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority
  • Digita - Terrestrial Broadcast Operator
  • digitv.fi - Digital television information
  • Finnpanel - Measures TV viewing and radio listening

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