- Fuchū, Tokyo
CityHallLink= [http://www.city.fuchu.tokyo.jp/ Fuchū] | City
nihongo|Fuchū|府中市|Fuchū-shi is a city in
As of 2003, the city has an estimated
populationof 236,491 and a population densityof 8,060.36 persons per km². The total area is 29.34 km².
The government of
Musashi Provincewas established in Fuchū by the Taika Reform, and the city prospered as the local center of politics, economy, and culture. It prospered as a post town on the Kōshū Highway in the Edo period, and the Kita Tama Districtpublic office was placed here after the start of the Meiji era.
The city was founded on
April 1, 1954.
The city is located 20 km west of central Tokyo. It spreads across the river terrace on the left bank of the
Tama River, facing the Tama hills on the opposite shore. The Tama River flows through the southernmost end of the city from west to east. The Kokubunji cliff runs west to east along the north; the Fuchū cliff runs west to east through the center of the city. The former has a height of 10 to 15 m, and the latter, 10 to 20 m. Mt. Sengen-yama with an altitude of 79 m is in the northeast part, and the height from the foot is about 30 m. The region is mostly flat land. To the south of the Fuchū cliff is the Tama River lowlands while to the north of the Kokubunji cliff is the Musashino side of Musashino Plateau; the region between them is the Tachikawa side of the Musashino Plateau. The cliffs are called "hake" in the local dialect. On the south of the Fuchū cliff, Fuchū water is flowing. The Nogawa river, a tributary of the Tama River, grazes the northeast end of the city.
* 645: With the
Taika Reformsof the government of Musashi Provincewas established in Fuchū.
* 1333: The
Battle of Bubaigawarawas fought.
* 1602: The Fuchū post-town was established with the upgrading of the Kōshū-dochu road (
* 1868: Nirayama Prefecture was established, and the southwest part of the city region becomes part of it. The remainder was under the jurisdiction of the Musashi prefectural governor.
* 1869: Shinagawa Prefecture was established, and except for the southwest part, the city becomes part of the prefecture.
* 1871: Establishment of the prefectural system. Parts of the city were transferred to
Kanagawa Prefectureby the next year step by step.
* 1878: Tama District of Kanagawa Prefecture was divided into three districts: North Tama, South Tama, West Tama, and one district in Tokyo Prefecture: East Tama. The city region became part of North Tama District, whose district offices were established in the city.
* 1880: Four towns and one village of the central area of the city region merged into Fuchū-eki.
* 1889: Eight villages of the eastern area of city region merged into Tama Village, and three villages of the western area merged into Nishifu Village. Fuchū-eki reorganized as a town, without changing its name.
* 1893: Three Tama districts were admitted to Tokyo Prefecture. Fuchū-eki changed its name to Fuchū Town.
* 1910: The Tokyo Gravel Railroad (later JNR Shimogawara Line) is opened for traffic.
* 1916: Keiō Electric Tram (part of present
Keiō Line) opened for traffic.
* 1922: Tama Railroad (present
Seibu Tamagawa Line) is opened for traffic.
* 1925: Gyokunan Electric Railroad (part of the present Keiō Line) opened for traffic.
* 1929: Nanbu Railroad (present JR
Nambu Line) opened for traffic.
* 1943: Tokyo Prefecture merged with
Tokyo City, forming Tokyo-to.
* 1954 April 1: Fuchū Town, Tama Village, Nishifu Village merged into Fuchū City, with the structure of a city.
* 1956: New
Kōshū Highwayis opened for traffic between Higashi Fuchū and Honshūku.
* 1961: New
Kōshū Highwayis opened for traffic between Higashi Fuchū and Chōfu.
* 1968: The
300 million yen robberyoccurred in Harumicho. This was the biggest robbery in the history of the nation.
* 1973: The JNR (as was)
Musashino Lineopened for traffic. Shimogawara Lineclosed.
Access to the city
Keiō Linefrom Shinjuku Station(新宿駅), it is 25 minutes to Fuchū Station (main station). Coming by Keiō Line from Shinjuku, the station before Fuchu is Higashi-Fuchu (東府中) when using the local, rapid, or express trains; on the semi-special express or special express trains, the station before Fuchu is Chōfu (調布).
Railroads and their stations
*Keiō Keibajō Line
Seibu Tamagawa Line
Most bus routes in the city start at Fuchū Station. You can get other routes at
Tama-reien Station, Higashi-fuchū Station, Bubaigawara Station, Nakagawara Station, Tama Station, Koremasa Station, or Seisekisakuragaoka Station.
Chūō Expresswayand Route 20 are parallel to Keiō Line, and run east to west. They connect Fuchū and central Tokyo.
Inagi Interchange(3.1; Limited interchange)
Kunitachi Fuchū Interchange(4)
Chōfu Interchange(3) is not located in Fuchū city area, but serves the eastern half of city.
Inagi Ohashi Toll Road
*Route 20 - Kōshū Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 9 Kawasaki Fuchu lineFuchū highway (it is also called the Kawasaki highway), Koremasa Bridge
Tokyo Prefectural Route 14 Shinjuku Kunitachi lineTohachi Road
Tokyo Prefectural Route 15 Fuchu; Kiyose lineKoganei Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 17 Tokorozawa Fuchu lineFuchū Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 18 Fuchu Machida lineKamakura Highway, Sekido Bridge
Tokyo Prefectural Route 20 Fuchu Sagamihara LineFuchū Yotsuya Bridge (Yaen Highway)
Tokyo Prefectural Route 110 Fuchu Mitaka lineHitomi Highway, Shin-Koganei Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 133 Ogawa Fuchu lineKokubunji Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 229 Fuchu Chōfu lineOld Kōshū Highway
Tokyo Prefectural Route 245 Tachikawa Kokubunji LineTakikubo Dori
Tokyo Prefectural Route 247 Fuchu Koganei line(the section in Fuchū is un-opened for traffic)
Tokyo Prefectural Route 248 Fuchu Kodaira lineShin-Koganei Highway
In the above figure,  is a national highway, ( )'s are prefectural roads, IC's are interchanges in Chūō Expressway.
Today, the local economy is primarily service-oriented, with retail centers and department stores near the train stations, as well as the
Tokyo Racecourseand the Tama-gawa speedboat race facility. Roughly 84,000 work in this part of the economy, as of 2000,
Manufacturing accounts for 26,000 workers, with large-scale factories such as the Fuchū facility of the
NEC Corporation, Toshiba's Fuchū factory, and Suntory's Musashino brewery.
Until after World War II, agriculture was the primary industry, growing rice through paddy field tillage and raising silkworms through sericulture. However, as of 2000, the number of the agriculture workers was only 865, and as of 2002, only 6.9 % of land was under tillage percentage, 25.7 % of that being paddy fields. Farmhouses account for only 0.4 % of buildings.
Fuchu is also home to
Fuchu Prison, one of Japan's largest prisons, and to a major base of the Air Self-Defense Force.
Colleges and universities
Tokyo University of Foreign Studies
Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology
Primary and secondary education
The city operates its public elementary and junior high schools.
Public high schools are operated by the
Tokyo Metropolitan Government Board of Education
Fuchu High School[http://www.fuchu-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Fuchu East High School[http://www.fuchuhigashi-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Fuchu West High School[http://www.fuchunishi-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Fuchu Technical High School[http://www.fuchukogyo-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
Nogyo High School[http://www.nogyo-h.metro.tokyo.jp/]
* Suntory Beer Factory
If you would like to indulge in some of Suntory's finest beer, you should make your way to their Musashino Brewery in Fuchu. The brewery is open from 10am til 5pm daily and operates free tours of the Musashino Brewery including a 30 minute beer tasting session. The brewery is located near Bubaigawara station (Keio and Nanbu Lines). Suntory provide a free shuttle bus between Bubaigawara Station and the brewery. The shuttle departs the Station every 30 minutes.
* Tama River Stroll
Take a leisurely stroll along the
Tama River. in the evening. Its especially good in sakuraseason, as the banks are lined with ornamental cherry trees.
Kyodo no moriopen air museum and park
Suntory Sungoliath- a rugby team based in Fuchu
Toshiba Brave Lupus- a rugby team based in Fuchu
* [http://www.city.fuchu.tokyo.jp/english/index.html Fuchu official website] in English
* [http://www.city.Fuchu.tokyo.jp/ Fuchu official website] in Japanese
* [http://www.tohocinemas.co.jp/fuchu/index.html Toho Cinema Fuchu]
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