List of Indonesian acronyms and abbreviations


List of Indonesian acronyms and abbreviations

A

ABRI ("Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia") - Military of Indonesia (New Order Era)

AMD ("ABRI Masuk Desa") - A social responsibility program by Indonesian army (ABRI), such as providing free medical service, repairing/building roads and public utilities.

AMS ("Dutch: Algeme(e)ne Middelbare School") - High School or College (Dutch colonial era)

antv ("Andalas Televisi") - Andalas Television (Private Television Station)

APBN (Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Negara). The national budget.

APRA ("Angkatan Perang Ratu Adil") - a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia (1950), led by former Dutch army officer, Captain Westerling.

B

Bakin ("Badan Koordinasi Intelijen") - Indonesian Intelligence Coordination body.

Bakom PKB ("Badan Komunikasi Penghayatan Kesatuan Bangsa") - an ethnic Chinese organization, led by Major Sindhunata.

Bappenas ("Badan Perencanaan dan Pembangunan Nasional") Indonesian National Development Agency.

Baperki ("Badan Permusjawaratan Kewarganegaraan Indonesia") - a pro Indonesian Communist Party (PKI), ethnic Chinese organization.

Basarnas ("Badan SAR Nasiona") - National search and rescue organization.

BKKBN ("Badan Koordinasi Keluarga Berencana Nasional") - a coordinating body of family planning movement.

BPPT ("Badan Pusat Pengembangan Teknologi") - Centre For Research and Development.

Berita Negara - Official Gazette of Indonesia

BRI ("Bank Rakyat Indonesia") - People's Bank of Indonesia, a privately-owned bank.

C

Cagub ("Calon Gubenur") - Gubernatorial Candidate

Capres ("Calon Presiden") - Presidential Candidate

Cawagub ("Calon Wakil Gubenur") - Liutenant Gubernatorial Candidate

Cawakot ("Calon Wali Kota") - Mayoral Candidate

Cawapres ("Calon Wakil Presiden") - Vice Presidential Candidate

Cerpen ("Cerita Pendek") - Short story

D

Depdikbud ("Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan") - Department of Education and Culture (Suharto era).

Depdiknas ("Departemen Pendidikan Nasional Republik Indonesia") - Department of Education.

Deplu ("Departemen Luar Negeri") - Department of Foreign Affairs(current).

DI ("Daerah Istimewa") - special region.

DIPIAD ("Dinas Pusat Intelijen Angkatan Darat") Army Central Intelligence Service.

DI/TII/NII ("Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia/Negara Islam Indonesia") - an extreme Muslim rebel group against Republic of Indonesia in West Java (1945-1963), led by Kartosoewiryo. Their main goal was establishing a moslem country in Indonesia.

DKI ("Daerah Khusus Ibukota) - Special Capital Region (Jakarta).

E

ELS ("Dutch: Europeesche Lagere School") - Primary School (Dutch colonial era)

ET (Eks Tahanan Politik) - a mark put on the ID Card ("Kartu Tanda Penduduk") of former political prisoners (new order era).

G

GAM ("Gerakan Aceh Merdeka") - Free Aceh Movement, a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia (1976-2005).

Gerwani ("Gerakan Wanita)") - The women's organisation of the Communist Party of Indonesia

GIA (Garuda Indonesia Airlines) - a state owned airlines (the official flag carrier).

I

IKAPI ("Ikatan Penerbit Indonesia") - Association of Indonesian Publishers [http://www.ikapi.or.id Official Site] ("Indonesian")

J

JI ("Jemaah Islamiyah") - a Muslim terrorist group established in Malaysia by Abu Bakar Basyir and Sungkar.

K

KAI ("Kereta Api Indonesia") - a state owned train company.

KBRI ("Kedutaan Besar Republik Indonesia") - Indonesian Embassy

Kelompencapir ("Kelompok Pendengar, Pembaca, Pirsawan") - a group of Indonesian farmers in villages who listen to radio, watch TV, and read newspapers together for information about farming and agriculture.

KJRI("Konsulat Jenderal Republik Indonesia") - Indonesian Consulate General

KKN:
* "Korupsi, Kolusi, Nepotisme" - Corruption, Collusion, Nepotism.
* "Kuliah Kerja Nyata" - senior universities students work as intern in companies or villages.

KOPASSUS ("Komando Pasukan Khusus") - Indonesian Army's special troops command.

KOSTRAD ("Komando Strategis dan Cadangan TNI Angkatan Darat") - Army Strategic Reserve Command.

Kowani ("Kongress Wanita Indonesia") - Indonesian Women's Congress

KPI ("Koalisi Perempuan Indonesia untuk Keadilan dan Demokrasi") - Indonesian Women's Coalition for Justice and Democracy

KTP ("Kartu Tanda Penduduk") - Identity Card

KUD ("Koperasi Unit Desa") - cooperation of farmers in a village.

KUK ("Kredit Usaha Kecil") - micro credits for small scale business.

KUT (Kredit Usaha Tani) - micro credits for farmers in villages.

L

LAPAN ("Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional") - Indonesian National Aerospace Institute.

LBHI ("Lembaga Bantuan Hukum Indonesia") - Indonesia Free Legal Aid Institute.

LKBN ("Lembaga Kantor Berita Nasional") - National News Bureau.

Lekra ("Lembaga Kebudayaan Rakyat") - a pro Indonesian communist party (PKI) artist organization. One of the leaders of Lekra was Pramoedya Ananta Toer.

LIPI ("Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia") - Indonesian Institute of Science.

M

Mahmilub ("Mahkamah Militer Luar Biasa") - special Military court created in 1966 to prosecute military and civilian perpetrators of G30S movement.

Mendiknas ("Menteri Pendidikan Nasional") - Minister of Education (current political title)

Menlu ("Menteri Luar Negeri") - Foreign Minister

MMI ("Majelis Mujahidin Indonesia") - an extreme Muslim group in Surakarta, Central Java, led by Abu Bakar Basyir.

MULO ("Dutch: Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs") - Middle School (Dutch colonial era)

N

Narkoba ("NARKotika dan Obat-obatan berBAhaya") - Narcotics and Dangerous Drugs

P

PBB-("Perserikatan Bangsa-bangsa") - United Nations

-("Pajak Bumi dan Bangunan") - Ground and Building Tax

PDRI ("Pemerintahan Darurat Republik Indonesia") - Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia: from December 22, 1948 to December 27, 1949. This emergency government was located in Bukittinggi, West Sumatra and led by Syafruddin Prawiranegara.

PELNI ("Pelayaran Nasional Indonesia") - the state owned ocean liner company.

Permias ("Persekutuan Mahasiswa Indonesia di Amerika Serikat") - Organization of the Indonesian Students in the United States

PKI ("Partai Komunis Indonesia") - Indonesian Communist Party

PKK ("Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga") - lit "Family Welfare Education" The National Women's Movement

PMI ("Palang Merah Indonesia") - Indonesian Red Cross.

PMKRI ("Perhimpunan Mahasiswa Katholik Republik Indonesia") - Union of Catholic University Students of the Republic of Indonesia

POLRI ("Polisi Republik Indonesia") - Indonesian National Police.

PRRI/Permesta ("Pemerintahan Revolusioner Republik Indonesia"/"Perjuangan Rakyat Semesta") - a rebel group against Republic of Indonesia in West Sumatra and North Sulawesi (1957), supported by Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).

R

RBTV ("Reksa Birama Televisi") - Regional television station

RCTI ("Rajawali Citra Televisi Indonesia") - ("lit: Hawk Television Indonesia") Private Television Broadcaster

RI ("Republik Indonesia") - Republic of Indonesia.

RIS ("Republik Indonesia Serikat") - The United States of Indonesia (from December 27, 1949 to August 17, 1950).

RS ("Rumah Saki") - Hospital:
* RSU ("Rumah Sakit Umum") - Public hospital.
* RSUD ("Rumah Sakit Umum Daerah") - Regional public hospital.
* RSJ ("Rumah Sakit Jiwa") - Psychiatric hospital.
* RSB ("Rumah Sakit Bersalin") - Maternity hospital.
* RSIA ("Rumah Sakit Ibu dan Anak") - Pediatrics and Women hospital.
* RSAD ("Rumah Sakit Angkatan Darat") - Military hospital (Indonesia army).
* RSAL ("Rumah Sakit Angkatan Laut") - Military hospital (Indonesia navy).

Sekjen ("Sekratari Jeneral") - Secretary General (of an organisation)

SCTV("Surya Citra Televisi") - ("lit: Sun Television") Private Television Broadcaster

SD ("Sekolah Dasar") - Primary School (current)

SDSB ("Sumbangan Dana Sosial Berhadiah") - National Lottery (defunct)

SIM ("Surat Izin Mengemudi") - Driving License

SLTA ("Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Atas") - High School (current)

SLTP ("Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama") - Middle School (current)

SMA ("Sekolah Menengah Atas") - High School (old)

SMP ("Sekolah Menengah Pertama") - Middle School (old)

Supersemar ("Surat Perintah Sebelas Maret") - 11th March Government Letter. Letter written by President Sukarno in 1966 formally granting Suharto Emergency Powers over the nation of Indonesia.

T

Tapol ("Tahanan Politik") - Political prisoner

TNI ("Tentara Negara Indonesia") - Military of Indonesia

TNI AD ("Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Darat") - Indonesian Army.

TNI AL ("Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Laut") - Indonesian Navy.

TNI AU ("Tentara Negara Indonesia Angkatan Udara") - Indonesian Airforce.

TPI ("Televisi Pendidikan Indonesia") - Educational Television Indonesia (private television broadcaster)

TVRI ("Televisi Republik Indonesia") - Television of Republic of Indonesia (publicly owned broadcaster)

W

WALHI ("Wahana Lingkungan Hidup") - Indonesian environmental organization.

Wapres ("Wakil Presiden") - Vice President

Y

YPAC ("Yayasan Pendidikan Anak-anak Cacat") - Foundation for the Education of Disabled Children.

External links

Jakarta Post list of Acronyms and Abbreviations: [http://www.thejakartapost.com/resources/acronyms.asp]


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