Channel Islands National Park


Channel Islands National Park
Channel Islands National Park
IUCN Category II (National Park)
Map showing the location of Channel Islands National Park
Map showing the location of Channel Islands National Park
Location Santa Barbara County & Ventura County, California, USA
Nearest city Santa Barbara
Coordinates 34°0′30″N 119°25′0″W / 34.00833°N 119.416667°W / 34.00833; -119.416667Coordinates: 34°0′30″N 119°25′0″W / 34.00833°N 119.416667°W / 34.00833; -119.416667
Area 249,561 acres (100,994 ha)[1]
Established March 5, 1980
Visitors 277,515 (in 2010)[2]
Governing body National Park Service
Map of Channel Islands

Channel Islands National Park is a United States national park that consists of five of the eight Channel Islands off the coast of the U.S. state of California, in the Pacific Ocean. Although the islands are close to the shore of densely-populated Southern California, their isolation has left them relatively undeveloped. The park covers 249,561 acres (100,994 ha) of which 79,018 acres (31,977 ha) are owned by the federal government.[1] The Nature Conservancy owns and manages 76% of Santa Cruz Island, the largest island in the park.[3]

Channel Islands National Park is home to a wide variety of significant natural and cultural resources. It was designated a U.S. National Monument on April 26, 1938, and a National Biosphere Reserve in 1976. It was promoted to a National Park on March 5, 1980.[4]

Contents

Geography

The islands within the park extend along the Southern California coast from Point Conception near Santa Barbara to San Pedro, a neighborhood of Los Angeles. Park headquarters and the Robert J. Lagomarsino Visitor Center are located in the city of Ventura.

The park consists of 249,354 acres (100,910 ha), half of which are under the ocean, and includes the islands of:

Flora and fauna

More than 2,000 species of plants and animals can be found within the park. However only three mammals are endemic to the islands, one of which is the deer mouse (Peromyscus maniculatus) which is known to carry the sin nombre hantavirus. Spotted Skunk and Channel Islands Fox also are endemic. The Island fence lizard[5] is also endemic to the Channel Islands.[6] Other animals in the park include Island Scrub Jay, harbor seal, California sea lion, island fox, spotted skunk, island night lizard, barn owl, American kestrel, horned lark and meadowlark and California brown pelican. One hundred and forty-five of these species are unique to the islands and found nowhere else in the world. Marine life ranges from microscopic plankton to the endangered blue whale, the largest animal ever to live on earth. Archeological and cultural resources span a period of more than 10,000 years.

Visitation

Annual visitation to the park's mainland visitor center is 300,000. Visitation to the islands and waters is low, with about 30,000 visitors traveling to the islands, and another 60,000 who go only into park waters. Although most visitation occurs in the summer, migrating gray whales and spectacular wildflower displays attract visitors in the winter and spring. Autumn is an excellent time to travel to the park, as well as for diving, as the days are usually sunny, with minimal winds and clear ocean water. Camping is a popular activity on Santa Cruz Island, with visitors arriving at Prisoners harbor [7] on the north shore and staying in the valley beyond. A new island visitor center opened at Scorpion Ranch on Santa Cruz Island on April 6, 2009.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Listing of acreage as of 12/31/2010". Public Use Statistic Office, National Park Service. http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/Acreage/acrebypark10cy.pdf. Retrieved 2011-07-13. 
  2. ^ "Five Year Annual Recreation Visits Report". Public Use Statistic Office, National Park Service. http://www.nature.nps.gov/stats/viewReport.cfm?selectedReport=SystemComparisonReport.cfm. 
  3. ^ "Santa Cruz Island". National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/chis/planyourvisit/santa-cruz-island.htm. Retrieved 2011-07-13. 
  4. ^ "Channel Islands National Park". The National Parks: Index 2009–2011. National Park Service. http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/nps/nps/part2.htm#chis. Retrieved 2011-07-13. 
  5. ^ William Flaxington (2005) Photograph of the Island Fence Lizard, Calphotos
  6. ^ C. Michael Hogan (2008) "Western fence lizard (Sceloporus occidentalis)", Globaltwitcher, ed. Nicklas Stromberg [1]
  7. ^ http://www.nps.gov/chis/planyourvisit/boating.htm

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Channel Islands National Park — Channel Islands Nationalpark Wilder Küstenabschnitt der Channel Islands …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Channel Islands National Park — Parc national des Channel Islands Channel Islands Nom Parc national Emplacement …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Channel Islands National Park — Sp Sąsiaurio Salų nacionãlinis párkas Ap Channel Islands National Park L JAV (Kalifornija) …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė

  • Channel Islands National Park — geographical name reserve SW California in Channel Islands including areas on Anacapa Islands (E of Santa Cruz Island) & Santa Barbara Island (W of Santa Catalina Island) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Channel Islands National Park — noun a national park in California featuring sea birds and marine life • Instance Hypernyms: ↑national park • Part Holonyms: ↑California, ↑Golden State, ↑CA, ↑Calif …   Useful english dictionary

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Channel Islands National Park — This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in Channel Islands National Park. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in Channel Islands National… …   Wikipedia

  • Channel Islands National Marine Sanctuary — Lichen encrusted rocks adorn the cliffs of Santa Cruz Island …   Wikipedia

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  • Gulf Islands National Park — Der Gulf Islands Nationalpark (Engl. Gulf Islands National Park Reserve ist der 40. Nationalpark in Kanada. Er wurde am 9. Mai 2003 zum Nationalpark erklärt und befindet sich in der Provinz Britisch Kolumbien (Westkanada) mit einer Fläche von 33… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Virgin Islands National Park — Virgin Islands Nationalpark Virgin Islands …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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