List of Texas reptiles

List of Texas reptiles

This is a list of Texas reptiles, including all snakes, lizards, crocodilians, and turtles native to the state of Texas.The state of Texas has a large variety of habitats, from swamps, coastal marshes and pine forests in the east, rocky hills and limestone karst in the center, desert in the south and west, mountains in the far west, and grassland prairie in the north. This vast contrast in biomes makes Texas home to an extremely wide variety of herpetofauna. Its central position in the United States means that species found primarily in either the western or eastern reaches of the country often have their ranges meeting in the state. Its proximity to Mexico is such that many species found there and into Central America range as far north as Texas. The abundance of reptiles makes the state a prime area for research, and most species found in Texas have been well studied.

Texas state law protects several reptile species; threatened species denoted as (T) and endangered species denoted as (E). The moderate climate of Texas has also lead to some species being introduced to the state and establishing a permanent population, denoted as (I).__NOEDITSECTION__


Family Alligatoridae
*Genus "Alligator"
**"Alligator mississippiensis" (American Alligator)


Alligator lizards

Family Anguidae (Anguid Lizards)
*Genus "Gerrhonotus"
**"Gerrhonotus infernalis" (Texas Alligator Lizard)


Family Polychrotidae (Anoles)
*Genus "Anolis"
**"Anolis carolinensis" (Green Anole)
**"Anolis sagrei" (Brown Anole)

Collared lizards

Family Crotaphytidae (Collared and Leopard Lizards)
*Genus "Crotaphytus" (Collared Lizards)
**"Crotaphytus collaris" (Eastern Collared Lizard)
**"Crotaphytus reticulatus" (Reticulate Collared Lizard) (T)
*Genus "Gambelia" (Leopard Lizards)
**"Gambelia wislizenii" (Longnose Leopard Lizard)


Family Gekkonidae (Geckos)
*Genus "Coleonyx"
**"Coleonyx brevis" (Texas Banded Gecko)
**"Coleonyx reticulatus" (Reticulated Gecko) (T)
*Genus "Cyrtodactylus"
**"Cyrtopodion scabrum" (Rough-tailed Gecko)
*Genus "Hemidactylus"
**"Hemidactylus turcicus" (Mediterranean Gecko) (I)


Family Iguanidae (Iguanas)
*Genus "Ctenosaura"
**"Ctenosaura pectinata" (Spinytail Iguana)

Legless lizards

*Genus "Ophisaurus"
**"Ophisaurus attenuatus attenuatus" (Western Slender Glass Lizard)

piny & Horned lizards

Family Phrynosomatidae (Sand, Horned, and Spiny Lizards)
*Genus "Cophosaurus"
**"Cophosaurus texanus" (Greater Earless Lizard)
*Genus "Holbrookia"
**"Holbrookia lacerata lacerata" (Spot-tailed Earless Lizard)
**"Holbrookia lacerata subcaudalis" (Southern Earless Lizard)
**"Holbrookia maculata approximans" (Speckled Earless Lizard)
**"Holbrookia maculata maculata" (Eastern Earless Lizard)
**"Holbrookia maculata perspicua" (Prairie Earless Lizard)
**"Holbrookia propinqua" (Keeled Earless Lizard)
*Genus "Phrynosoma" (Horned Lizards)
**"Phrynosoma cornutum" (Texas Horned Lizard) (T)
**"Phrynosoma douglassii" (Short-horned Lizard) (T)
**"Phrynosoma modestum" (Roundtail Horned Lizard)
*Genus "Sceloporus"
**"Sceloporus graciosus" (Sagebrush Lizard)
**"Sceloporus grammicus" (Mesquite Lizard)
**"Sceloporus magister" (Twin-spotted Spiny Lizard)
**"Sceloporus merriami annulatus" (Big Bend Canyon Lizard)
**"Sceloporus merriami longipunctatus" (Presidio Canyon Lizard)
**"Sceloporus merriami merriami" (Canyon Lizard)
**"Sceloporus olivaceus" (Texas Spiny Lizard)
**"Sceloporus poinsettii" (Crevice Spiny Lizard)
**"Sceloporus serrifer" (Blue Spiny Lizard)
**"Sceloporus undulatus consobrinus" (Southern Prairie Lizard)
**"Sceloporus undulatus garmani" (Northern Prairie Lizard)
**"Sceloporus undulatus hyacinthinus" (Northern Fence Lizard)
**"Sceloporus variabilis" (Rosebelly Lizard)
*Genus "Urosaurus"
**"Urosaurus ornatus ornatus" (Texas Tree Lizard)
**"Urosaurus ornatus schmidti" (Big Bend Tree Lizard)
*Genus "Uta"
**"Uta stansburiana" (Desert Side-blotched Lizard)


Family Scincidae (Skinks)
*Genus "Eumeces"
**"Eumeces anthracinus pluvialis" (Southern Coal Skink)
**"Eumeces fasciatus" (Five-lined Skink)
**"Eumeces laticeps" (Broadhead Skink)
**"Eumeces multivirgatus epipleurotus" (Variable Skink)
**"Eumeces obsoletus" (Great Plains Skink)
**"Eumeces septentrionalis obtusirostris" (Southern Prairie Skink)
**"Eumeces tetragrammus brevilineatus" (Short-lined Skink)
**"Eumeces tetragrammus tetragrammus" (Four-Lined Skink)
*Genus "Scincella"
**"Scincella lateralis" (Ground Skink)


Family Teiidae (Whiptails)
*Genus "Cnemidophorus"
**"Cnemidophorus dixoni" (Gray Checkered Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus exsanguis" (Chihuahuan Spotted Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus gularis" (Texas Spotted Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus inornatus heptagrammus" (Trans-Pecos Striped Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus laredoensis" (Laredo Striped Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus marmoratus" (Marbled Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus neomexicanus" (New Mexico Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus septemvittatus" (Plateau Spotted Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus sexlineatus sexlineatus" (Eastern Six-lined Racerunner)
**"Cnemidophorus sexlineatus viridis" (Prairie Racerunner)
**"Cnemidophorus tesselatus" (Checkered Whiptail)
**"Cnemidophorus uniparens" (Desert Grassland Whiptail)


Blind Snakes

Family Leptotyphlopidae (Blind Snakes)
*Genus "Leptotyphlops" (Blind Snakes)
**"Leptotyphlops dulcis dissectus" (New Mexico Blind Snake)
**"Leptotyphlops dulcis dulcis" (Plains Blind Snake)
**"Leptotyphlops humilis segregus" (Trans-Pecos Blind Snake)


Family Colubridae
*Genus "Arizona" (Glossy Snakes)
**"Arizona elegans arenicola" (Texas Glossy Snake)
**"Arizona elegans elegans" (Kansas Glossy Snake)
**"Arizona elegans philipi" (Painted Desert Glossy Snake)
*Genus "Bogertophis"
**"Bogertophis subocularis" (Trans-Pecos Rat Snake)
*Genus "Carphophis" (Worm Snakes)
**"Carphophis vermis" (Western Worm Snake)
*Genus "Cemophora" (Scarlet Snakes)
**"Cemophora coccinea copei" (Northern Scarlet Snake)
**"Cemophora coccinea lineri" (Texas Scarlet Snake) (T)
*Genus "Coluber" (Racers)
**"Coluber constrictor anthicus" (Buttermilk Racer)
**"Coluber constrictor etheridgei" (Tan Racer)
**"Coluber constrictor flaviventris" (Eastern Yellowbelly Racer)
**"Coluber constrictor oaxaca" (Mexican Racer)
**"Coluber constrictor priapus" (Southern Black Racer)
*Genus "Coniophanes"
**"Coniophanes imperialis" (Black-striped Snake) (T)
*Genus "Diadophis" (Ringneck Snakes)
**"Diadophis punctatus arnyi" (Prairie Ringneck Snake)
**"Diadophis punctatus regalis" (Regal Ringsnake Snake)
**"Diadophis punctatus stictogenys" (Mississippi Ringneck Snake)
*Genus "Drymarchon" (Indigo Snakes)
**"Drymarchon corais erebennus" (Texas Indigo Snake) (T)
*Genus "Drymobius"
**"Drymobius margaritiferus" (Speckled Racer) (T)
*Genus "Elaphe" (Rat Snakes)
**"Elaphe bairdi" (Baird's Rat Snake)
**"Elaphe guttata emoryi" (Great Plains Rat Snake)
**"Elaphe guttata guttata" (Corn Snake)
**"Elaphe obsoleta lindheimeri" (Texas Rat Snake)
**"Elaphe obsoleta obsoleta" (Black Rat Snake)
**"Elaphe slowinskii" (Slowinski's Corn Snake)
*Genus "Farancia" (Mud Snakes)
**"Farancia abacura" (Mud Snake)
*Genus "Ficimia"
**"Ficimia streckeri" (Mexican Hooknose Snake)
*Genus "Gyalopion"
**"Gyalopion canum" (Western Hooknose Snake)
*Genus "Heterodon" (Hognose Snakes)
**"Heterodon kennerlyi" (Mexican Hognose Snake)
**"Heterodon nasicus gloydi" (Dusty Hognose Snake)
**"Heterodon nasicus nasicus" (Western Hognose Snake)
**"Heterodon platirhinos" (Eastern Hognose Snake)
*Genus "Hypsiglena" (Night Snakes)
**"Hypsiglena torquata jani" (Texas Night Snake)
*Genus "Lampropeltis" (Kingsnakes and Milk Snakes)
**"Lampropeltis alterna" (Grey-Banded Kingsnake)
**"Lampropeltis calligaster" (Prairie Kingsnake)
**"Lampropeltis getula holbrooki" (Speckled Kingsnake)
**"Lampropeltis getula splendida" (Desert Kingsnake)
**"Lampropeltis triangulum amaura" (Louisiana Milk Snake)
**"Lampropeltis triangulum annulata" (Mexican Milk Snake)
**"Lampropeltis triangulum celaenops" (New Mexico Milk Snake)
**"Lampropeltis triangulum gentilis" (Central Plains Milk Snake)
*Genus "Leptodeira" (Cat-eyed Snakes)
**"Leptodeira septentrionalis" (Northern Cat-eyed Snake) (T)
*Genus "Masticophis" (Coachwhip Snakes and Whipsnakes)
**"Masticophis flagellum flagellum" (Eastern Coachwhip)
**"Masticophis flagellum testaceus" (Western Coachwhip)
**"Masticophis schotti schotti" (Schott's Whipsnake)
**"Masticophis schotti ruthveni" (Ruthven's Whipsnake)
**"Masticophis taeniatus girardi" (Central Texas Whipsnake)
**"Masticophis taeniatus taeniatus" (Desert Striped Whipsnake)
*Genus "Nerodia" (Water Snakes)
**"Nerodia clarkii" (Gulf Salt Marsh Snake)
**"Nerodia cyclopion" (Mississippi Green Water Snake)
**"Nerodia erythrogaster erythrogaster" (Red-bellied Water Snake)
**"Nerodia erythrogaster transversa" (Blotched Water Snake)
**"Nerodia fasciata confluens" (Broad-banded Water Snake)
**"Nerodia fasciata pictiventris" (Florida Water Snake)
**"Nerodia harteri" (Brazos Water Snake) (T)
**"Nerodia paucimaculata" (Concho Water Snake) (T)
**"Nerodia rhombifer" (Diamondback Water Snake)
*Genus "Opheodrys" (Green Snakes)
**"Opheodrys aestivus" (Rough Green Snake)
**"Opheodrys vernalis" (Smooth Green Snake) (T)
*Genus "Pituophis" (Gopher Snakes)
**"Pituophis catenifer affinis" (Sonoran Gopher Snake)
**"Pituophis catenifer sayi" (Bull Snake)
**"Pituophis ruthveni" (Louisiana Pine Snake) (T)
*Genus "Regina" (Crayfish Snakes)
**"Regina grahamii" (Graham's Crayfish Snake)
**"Regina rigida" (Gulf Crayfish Snake)
*Genus "Rhinocheilus" (Longnose Snakes)
**"Rhinocheilus lecontei tessallatus" (Texas Longnose Snake)
*Genus "Salvadora" (Patchnose Snakes)
**"Salvadora deserticola" (Big Bend Patchnose Snake)
**"Salvadora grahamiae grahamiae" (Mountain Patchnose Snake)
**"Salvadora grahamiae lineata" (Texas Patchnose Snake)
*Genus "Sonora" (Ground Snakes)
**"Sonora semiannulata" (Ground Snake)
*Genus "Storeria"
**"Storeria dekayi limnetes" (Marsh Brown Snake)
**"Storeria dekayi texana" (Texas Brown Snake)
**"Storeria occipitomaculata" (Redbelly Snake)
*Genus "Tantilla"
**"Tantilla atriceps" (Mexican Blackhead Snake)
**"Tantilla cucullata" (Big Bend Blackhead Snake) (T)
**"Tantilla gracilis" (Flathead Snake)
**"Tantilla hobartsmithi" (Southwestern Blackhead Snake)
**"Tantilla nigriceps" (Plains Blackhead Snake)
*Genus "Thamnophis" (Garter and Ribbon Snakes)
**"Thamnophis cyrtopsis cyrtopsis" (Blackneck Garter Snake)
**"Thamnophis marcianus" (Checkered Garter Snake)
**"Thamnophis proximus diabolicus" (Arid Land Ribbon Snake)
**"Thamnophis proximus orarius" (Gulf Coast Ribbon Snake)
**"Thamnophis proximus proximus" (Western Ribbon Snake)
**"Thamnophis proximus rubrilineatus" (Redstripe Ribbon Snake)
**"Thamnophis radix" (Plains Garter Snake)
**"Thamnophis sirtalis annectens" (Texas Garter Snake)
**"Thamnophis sirtalis dorsalis" (New Mexico Garter Snake)
**"Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis" (Common Garter Snake)
*Genus "Trimorphodon" (Lyre Snakes)
**"Trimorphodon biscutatus vilkinsonii" (Texas Lyre Snake) (T)
*Genus "Tropidoclonion"
**"Tropidoclonion lineatum texanum" (Texas Lined Snake)
*Genus "Virginia" (Earth Snakes)
**"Virginia striatula" (Rough Earth Snake)
**"Virginia valeriae" (Western Earth Snake)


Family Elapidae
*Genus "Micrurus" (Coral Snakes)
**"Micrurus tener" (Texas Coral Snake)


Family Viperidae (Vipers)
*Genus "Agkistrodon"
**"Agkistrodon contortrix contortrix" (Southern Copperhead)
**"Agkistrodon contortrix laticinctus" (Broad-banded Copperhead)
**"Agkistrodon contortrix pictigaster" (Trans-Pecos Copperhead)
**"Agkistrodon piscivorus leucostoma" (Western Cottonmouth)
*Genus "Crotalus"
**"Crotalus atrox" (Western Diamondback Rattlesnake)
**"Crotalus horridus" (Timber Rattlesnake) (T)
**"Crotalus lepidus klauberi" (Banded Rock Rattlesnake)
**"Crotalus lepidus lepidus" (Mottled Rock Rattlesnake)
**"Crotalus molossus molossus" (Northern Blacktail Rattlesnake)
**"Crotalus scutulatus" (Mojave Rattlesnake)
**"Crotalus viridis viridis" (Prairie Rattlesnake)
*Genus "Sistrurus"
**"Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii" (Desert Massasauga)
**"Sistrurus catenatus tergeminus" (Western Massasauga)
**"Sistrurus miliarius streckeri" (Western Pigmy Rattlesnake)

Turtles & Tortoises

Marine turtles

Family Cheloniidae (Marine Turtles)
*Genus "Caretta"
**"Caretta caretta" (Loggerhead Sea Turtle) (T)
*Genus "Chelonia"
**"Chelonia mydas" (Green Turtle) (T)
*Genus "Eretmochelys"
**"Eretmochelys imbricata" (Hawksbill) (E)
*Genus "Lepidochelys"
**"Lepidochelys kempii" (Atlantic Ridley) (E)

Family Dermochelidae (Leatherback Turtles)
*Genus "Dermochelys"
**"Dermochelys coriacea" (Leatherback) (E)

Mud & Musk turtles

Family Kinosternidae (Mud and Musk Turtles)
*Genus "Kinosternon" (Mud Turtles)
**"Kinosternon flavescens" (Yellow Mud Turtle)
**"Kinosternon hirtipes" (Mexican Mud Turtle)
**"Kinosternon subrubrum hippocrepis" (Mississippi Mud Turtle)
*Genus "Sternotherus" (Musk Turtles)
**"Sternotherus carinatus" (Razorback Musk Turtle)
**"Sternotherus odoratus" (Common Musk Turtle)

Pond & Box turtles

Family Emydidae (Water and Box Turtles)
*Genus "Chrysemys" (Painted Turtles)
**"Chrysemys picta bellii" (Western Painted Turtle)
**"Chrysemys picta dorsalis" (Southern Painted Turtle)
*Genus "Deirochelys" (Chicken Turtles)
**"Deirochelys reticularia" (Chicken Turtle)
*Genus "Graptemys" (Map Turtles)
**"Graptemys caglei" (Cagle's Map Trtle)
**"Graptemys ouachitensis" (Oachita Map Turtle)
**"Graptemys pseudogeographica" (False Map Turtle)
**"Graptemys versa" (Texas Map Turtle)
*Genus "Malaclemys" (Diamondback Terrapins)
**"Malaclemys terrapin" (Diamondback Terrapin)
*Genus "Pseudemys" (River Cooters)
**"Pseudemys concinna gorzugi" (Rio Grande River Cooter)
**"Pseudemys concinna metteri" (Missouri River Cooter)
**"Pseudemys texana" (Texas River Cooter)
*Genus "Terrapene" (Box Turtles)
**"Terrapene carolina carolina" (Eastern Box Turtle)
**"Terrapene ornata luteola" (Desert Box Turtle)
**"Terrapene ornata ornata" (Ornate Box Turtle)
*Genus "Trachemys" (Sliders)
**"Trachemys gaigeae" (Big Bend Slider)
**"Trachemys scripta elegans" (Red-eared Slider)

napping turtles

Family Chelydridae (Snapping Turtles)
*Genus "Chelydra"
**"Chelydra serpentina" (Common Snapping Turtle)
*Genus "Macrochelys"
**"Macrochelys temminckii" (Alligator Snapping Turtle)

oftshell turtles

Family Trionychidae (Softshell Turtles)
*Genus "Apalone"
**"Apalone mutica" (Smooth Softshell Turtle)
**"Apalone spinifera emoryi" (Texas Spiny Softshell Turtle)
**"Apalone spinifera guadalupensis" (Guadalupe Spiny Softshell Turtle)
**"Apalone spinifera hartwegi" (Western Spiny Softshell Turtle)
**"Apalone spinifera pallida" (Pallid Spiny Softshell Turtle)


Family Testudinidae (Gopher Tortoises)
*Genus "Gopherus"
**"Gopherus berlandieri" (Texas Tortoise) (T)

See also

*List of Texas amphibians


* [ Texas Memorial Museum: Herps of Texas]
* [ Texas Parks & Wildlife: Endangered and Threatened Species of Texas]
* [ Integrated Taxonomic Information System]

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