- Greenwich station
Infobox London station
name = Greenwich
Network Rail(Pl. 1&2) Docklands Light Railway(Pl. 3&4)
manager = Southeastern (Pl. 1&2)
Docklands Light Railway(Pl. 3&4)
zone = 2 and 3
railexits0405 = 1.649
railexits0506 = 1.702
railexits0607 = 2.446
latitude = 51.4781
longitude = -0.014
London Borough of Greenwich
24 December 1838
events = Opened
12 April 1840
events1 = Resited
11 January 1871
events2 = Resited [Butt, R.V.J. (1995). "The Directory of Railway Stations", Patrick Stephens Ltd, Sparkford, ISBN 1-85260-508-1, p. 109.]
years3 = 1999
events3 = DLR extension
platforms = 4
railcode = GNW
Greenwich railway station is about 400 m southwest of the town centre of
Greenwich, London, England. It is an interchange between National Railtrains between central London and Dartford(north Kent), and the Docklands Light Railway(DLR) between Lewishamto the south and the Docklands area and the City of Londonnorth of the River Thames. It is in Travelcard Zones 2 and 3. Tickets including either zone are valid.
Whilst Greenwich is the nearest National Rail station to the centre of Greenwich,
Cutty Sark DLR stationis more conveniently situated for the town centre, the National Maritime Museum, the former Greenwich Hospital (London), the covered market, and other tourist attractions.
East of the station, the Dartford line goes through a tunnel underneath the grounds of the
National Maritime Museum, towards Maze Hill. Northwards, the DLR goes into a tunnel through Cutty Sark station and under the River Thamesto emerge on the Isle of Dogs; in the opposite direction, it rises on a concrete viaductto follow the River Ravensbourneupstream to Deptford Bridge and Lewisham.
Greenwich Station is 5.5 miles from Charing Cross - the milepost is on platform 1.
Although the DLR is a recent addition, the National Rail line through Greenwich station is one of London's oldest - the
London and Greenwich Railwayis reputed to be the world's first suburban railway. It was designed by former army engineer George Landmann, and promoted by entrepreneur George Walter. Greenwich was linked by a massive brick-built railway viaductwith 878 arches, first to a station in Spa Road (Bermondsey), and later to London Bridge. The service opened on 8 February 1836from Deptford, and on 29 Decemberthat year from Greenwich. Greenwich's handsome station building was designed by George Smith in 1840, making it one of the oldest station buildings in the world.
Difficulties in extending the railway over the lands owned by the
Greenwich Hospital (London)led to the station being bypassed for many years. Eventually the line was extended eastwards via a cut-and-covertunnel towards Maze Hill. The link between Maze Hill and Greenwich opened on 1 February 1878. [http://rail.felgall.com/ser.htm SER Lines and Stations] [http://www.greenwich-guide.org.uk/february.htm#1 Greenwich Guide]
Docklands Light Railway(DLR) was extended to Lewishamvia Greewnwich in December 1999, the new platforms lying immediately to the south of the mainline station. At the eastern end, the DLR heads underground through the tunnel which serves nearby Cutty Sark station and then carries the route beneath the River Thames to the north.
* [http://www.tfl.gov.uk/dlr/stations/greenwich.shtml Docklands Light Railway website - Greenwich station page]
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