Anolis


Anolis

Taxobox
name = "Anolis"



image_width = 250px
image_caption = A green anole, "Anolis carolinensis"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Reptilia
ordo = Squamata
familia = Polychrotidae
genus = "Anolis"
genus_authority = (Daudin, 1802)
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.

"Anolis" is a genus of lizards belonging to the family Iguanidae. With nearly 400 species, "Anolis" represents the world's most species rich amniote genus. Several species of "Anolis" are occasionally ascribed to the genus "Norops", but the validity of the "Norops" genus is not widely accepted. The green anole ("Anolis carolinensis") has recently become the first non-avian reptile to have its complete genome sequenced.

Ecomorphs

"Anolis" lizards are one of the best examples of both adaptive radiation and convergent evolution. Populations on lizards on isolated islands diverge to occupy separate ecological niches, mostly in terms of the location within the vegetation where they forage (such as in the crown of trees vs. the trunk vs. underlying shrubs). These divergences in habitat are accompanied by morphological changes primarily related to moving on the substrate diameter they most frequently encounter, with twig ecomorphs having short limbs while trunk ecomorphs have long limbs.

In addition, these patterns repeat on numerous islands, with animals in similar habitats converging on similar body forms repeatedly (Losos et al., 1998). This demonstrates that adaptive radiation can actually be predictable based on habitat encountered, and experimental introductions onto formerly lizard-free islands have proven that "Anolis" evolution can be predicted.

pecies of genus "Anolis"

*"Anolis achilles" (Achilles' Anole)
*"Anolis acutus" (St. Croix or Sharp Anole)
*"Anolis adleri" (Adler's anole)
*"Anolis aeneus" (Bronze Anole)
*"Anolis aequatorialis" (Equatorial anole)
*"Anolis agassizi" (Agassiz's Anole)
*"Anolis agueroi" (Aguero's Anole)
*"Anolis alayoni" (Alayon's Anole)
*"Anolis albimaculatus" (White-Spotted Anole)
*"Anolis alfaroi" (Alfaro's Anole)
*"Anolis aliniger" (Northern Green Twig or LaVega Anole)
*"Anolis allisoni" (Allison's Anole)
*"Anolis altavelensis" (Noble's Anole)
*"Anolis alumina" (Shiny Anole)
*"Anolis alutaceus" (Blue-Eyed Grass-Bush or monte Verde Anole)
*"Anolis anatoloros"
*"Anolis andianus"
*"Anolis anfiloquioi" (Anfiodlul Anole)
*"Anolis angusticeps"
*"Anolis angusticeps angusticeps"
*"Anolis angusticeps chickcharneyi"
*"Anolis angusticeps oligaspis"
*"Anolis antioquiae" (Antiodlula Anole)
*"Anolis apollinaris" (Boulenger's anole)
*"Anolis argenteolus" (Guantanamo Anole)
*"Anolis argillaceus" (Bay Anole)
*"Anolis armouri" (Armoured Anole)
*"Anolis attenuatus" (Shiny Anole)
*"Anolis bahorucoensis"
*"Anolis bahorucoensis bahorucoensis"
*"Anolis bahorucoensis southerlandi"
*"Anolis baleatus" (Dominican Giant or Puerto Plata Anole)
*"Anolis baleatus altager"
*"Anolis baleatus baleatus"
*"Anolis baleatus caeruleolatus"
*"Anolis baleatus fraudator"
*"Anolis baleatus lineatacervix"
*"Anolis baleatus litorisilva"
*"Anolis baleatus multistruppus"
*"Anolis baleatus samanae"
*"Anolis baleatus scelestus"
*"Anolis baleatus sublimis"
*"Anolis baracoae" (Baracoa Anole)
*"Anolis barahonae" (Barahona Anole)
*"Anolis barahonae albocellatus"
*"Anolis barahonae barahonae"
*"Anolis barahonae ininquinatus"
*"Anolis barahonae mulitus"
*"Anolis barbatus"
*"Anolis barbouri" (Hispaniolan Hopping Anole)
*"Anolis bartschi" (Western Cliff or West Cuban Anole)
*"Anolis bellipeniculus"
*"Anolis bimaculatus" (Panther Anole)
*"Anolis binotatus" (Two-Marked Anole)
*"Anolis biporcatus" (Neotropical Green Anole)
*"Anolis blanquillanus" (Hummelnck's Anole)
*"Anolis boettgeri" (Boettger's Anole)
*"Anolis bonairensis" (Ruthven's Anole)
*"Anolis bonairensis blanquillanus"
*"Anolis bonairensis bonairensis"
*"Anolis brevirostris" (Desert Gracile or Shortnose Anole)
*"Anolis brevirostris brevirostris"
*"Anolis brevirostris deserticola"
*"Anolis brevirostris wetmorei"
*"Anolis brunneus" (Crooked Island Anole)
*"Anolis calimae" (Ayala's Anole)
*"Anolis caquetae" (Caqueta Anole)
*"Anolis carlostoddi" (Carlostodd's Anole)
*"Anolis carolinensis" (Carolina or Green Anole)
*"Anolis carolinensis carolinensis" (Northern Green Anole)
*"Anolis carolinensis seminolus" (South Florida Green Anole)
*"Anolis casildae" (Casilda's Anole)
*"Anolis caudalis" (Cochran's Gianthead Anole)
*"Anolis centralis" (Central anole)
*"Anolis centralis centralis"
*"Anolis centralis litoralis"
*"Anolis chamaeleonides"
*"Anolis chloris" (Boulenger's Green anole)
*"Anolis chlorocyanus" (Hispaniolan Green Anole)
*"Anolis chlorocyanus chlorocyanus"
*"Anolis chlorocyanus cyanostictus"
*"Anolis chocorum" (Chocolate Anole)
*"Anolis christophei" (Big-Fanned Trunk or King Christophe's Anole)
*"Anolis chrysolepis"
*"Anolis clivicola" (Mountain Anole)
*"Anolis coelestinus" (Jeremie Anole)
*"Anolis coelestinus coelestinus"
*"Anolis coelestinus demissus"
*"Anolis coelestinus pecuarius"
*"Anolis cooki" (Cook's Anole)
*"Anolis cristatellus" (Crested Anole)
*"Anolis cristatellus cristatellus" (Puerto Rican Crested Anole)
*"Anolis cristatellus wileyae" (Eastern Puerto Rican Crested Anole)
*"Anolis cristifer" (Cristifer Anole)
*"Anolis cupeyalensis" (Cupeyal Anole)
*"Anolis cuvieri" (Cuvier's, Green Giant or Puerto Rican Giant Anole)
*"Anolis cyanopleurus" (Yateras Anole)
*"Anolis cyanopleurus cyanopleurus"
*"Anolis cyanopleurus orientalis"
*"Anolis cybotes" (Hispaniolan Stout or Large-Headed Anole)
*"Anolis cybotes cybotes"
*"Anolis cybotes doris"
*"Anolis cybotes ravifaux"
*"Anolis danieli" (Daniel's Anole)
*"Anolis darlingtoni" (Darlington's Anole)
*"Anolis datzorum"
*"Anolis deltae" (Delta Anole)
*"Anolis desechensis" (Heatwole's Anole)
*"Anolis dissimilis" (Odd Anole)
*"Anolis distichus" (Bark Anole)
*"Anolis distichus aurifer"
*"Anolis distichus biminiensis"
*"Anolis distichus dapsilis"
*"Anolis distichus distichoides"
*"Anolis distichus distichus"
*"Anolis distichus dominicensis"
*"Anolis distichus flavillarum"
*"Anolis distichus floridanus" (Florida Bark Anole)
*"Anolis distichus ignigularis"
*"Anolis distichus juliae"
*"Anolis distichus ocior"
*"Anolis distichus patruelis"
*"Anolis distichus properus"
*"Anolis distichus ravitergum"
*"Anolis distichus sejunctus"
*"Anolis distichus suppar"
*"Anolis distichus tostus"
*"Anolis distichus vinosus"
*"Anolis dolichocephalus" (Place Negre Anole)
*"Anolis dolichocephalus dolichocephalus"
*"Anolis dolichocephalus portusalus"
*"Anolis dolichocephalus sarmenticola"
*"Anolis eewi"
*"Anolis equestris" (Knight Anole)
*"Anolis equestris brujensis"
*"Anolis equestris buidei"
*"Anolis equestris cincoleguas"
*"Anolis equestris cyaneus"
*"Anolis equestris equestris"
*"Anolis equestris juraguensis"
*"Anolis equestris persparsus"
*"Anolis equestris potior"
*"Anolis equestris sabinalensis"
*"Anolis equestris thomasi"
*"Anolis equestris verreonensis"
*"Anolis ernestwilliamsi" (Carrot Rock's or Ernest's Anole)
*"Anolis etheridgei" (Montane Bush or Etheridge's Anole)
*"Anolis eugenegrahami" (Eugene's Anole)
*"Anolis eulaemus" (Good Anole)
*"Anulis euskalerriari"
*"Anolis evermanni" (Emerald, Evermann's or Small Green Anole)
*"Anolis extremus" (Barbados Anole)
*"Anolis fairchildi" (Fairchild's Anole)
*"Anolis fasciatus" (Banded Anole)
*"Anolis ferreus" (Morne Constant Anole)
*"Anolis festae" (Veronica's anole)
*"Anolis fitchi" (Fitch's Anole)
*"Anolis fowleri" (Fowler's Anole)
*"Anolis fraseri" (Fraser's Anole)
*"Anolis frenatus" (Bridled Anole)
*"Anolis fugitivus" (Moa Anole)
*"Anolis garridoi" (Garrido's Anole)
*"Anolis gemmosus" (Andes or O'Shaughnessy's Anole)
*"Anolis gingivinus" (Anguilla Anole)
*"Anolis gorgonae" (Blue Anole)
*"Anolis greyi" (Grey's Anole)
*"Anolis griseus" (St. Vincent's Tree Anole)
*"Anolis guamuhaya"
*"Anolis gundlachi" (Yellow-chinned, Gundlach's or Yellow Bearded Anole)
*"Anolis guuo"
*"Anolis haetianus" (Tiburon Anole)
*"Anolis hendersoni" (Henderson's Anole)
*"Anolis hendersoni hendersoni"
*"Anolis hendersoni ravidormitans"
*"Anolis heterodermus" (Flat Andes Anole)
*"Anolis huilae" (Huila Anole)
*"Anolis impetigosus"
*"Anolis incredulus"
*"Anolis inderenae"
*"Anolis inexpectatus"
*"Anolis insignis" (Decorated Anole)
*"Anolis insolitus" (La Palma Anole)
*"Anolis isolepis" (Jatibonico Anole)
*"Anolis isolepis altitudinalis"
*"Anolis isolepis isolepis"
*"Anolis jacare" (Jacare Anole)
*"Anolis juangundlachi" (Finca Ceres Anole)
*"Anolis koopmani" (Koopman's Anole)
*"Anolis krugi" (Olive Bush, Krug's or Orange Dewlap Anole)
*"Anolis kunalayae"
*"Anolis laevis" (Smooth Anole)
*"Anolis lamari"
*"Anolis latifrons"
*"Anolis leachii" (Barbuda Bank Tree or Panther Anole)
*"Anolis lividus" (Plymouth Anole)
*"Anolis longicauda"
*"Anolis longiceps" (Navassa Anole)
*"Anolis longitibialis" (IslaBeata Anole)
*"Anolis longitibialis longitibialis"
*"Anolis longitibialis specuum"
*"Anolis loysianus" (Peach Anole)
*"Anolis luciae" (St. Lucia Anole)
*"Anolis lucius" (Cave Anole)
*"Anolis luteogularis" (Western Giant or White-Throated Anole)
*"Anolis luteogularis calceus"
*"Anolis luteogularis coctilis"
*"Anolis luteogularis delacruzi"
*"Anolis luteogularis hassleri"
*"Anolis luteogularis jaumei"
*"Anolis luteogularis luteogularis"
*"Anolis luteogularis nivevultus"
*"Anolis luteogularis sanfelipensis"
*"Anolis luteogularis sectilis"
*"Anolis luteosignifer" (Cayman Brac Anole)
*"Anolis macilentus"
*"Anolis maculigula"
*"Anolis magnaphallus"
*"Anolis marcanoi" (Marcano's Anole)
*"Anolis marmoratus" (Guadeloupean or Leopard Anole)
*"Anolis marmoratus alliaceus"
*"Anolis marmoratus caryae"
*"Anolis marmoratus chrysops"
*"Anolis marmoratus desiradei"
*"Anolis marmoratus girafus"
*"Anolis marmoratus inornatus"
*"Anolis marmoratus kahouannensis"
*"Anolis marmoratus marmoratus"
*"Anolis marmoratus setosus"
*"Anolis marmoratus speciosus"
*"Anolis marmoratus terraealtae"
*"Anolis marron" (Jacmel Anole)
*"Anolis maynardi" (Maynard's Anole)
*"Anolis megalopithecus" (Ruida's Anole)
*"Anolis menta" (Menta Anole)
*"Anolis microtus" (Tiny Anole)
*"Anolis mirus"
*"Anolis monensis" (Mona Anole)
*"Anolis monticola" (Foothill Anole)
*"Anolis nannodes"
*"Anolis nasofrontalis" (Nose Anole)
*"Anolis nelsoni" (Nelson's Anole)
*"Anolis nigrolineatus"
*"Anolis noblei" (Holguin Anole)
*"Anolis noblei galeifer"
*"Anolis noblei noblei"
*"Anolis nubilis"
*"Anolis occultus" (Puerto Rican Twig, Limestone, or Dwarf Anole)
*"Anolis oculatus" (Dominican or Eyed Anole)
*"Anolis oculatus cabritensis"
*"Anolis oculatus montanus"
*"Anolis oculatus oculatus"
*"Anolis oculatus winstoni"
*"Anolis oligaspis" (WestIndes Anole)
*"Anolis olssoni" (Desert grass or Monte Cristi Anole)
*"Anolis olssoni alienus"
*"Anolis olssoni dominigensis"
*"Anolis olssoni extentus"
*"Anolis olssoni ferrugicauda"
*"Anolis olssoni insulanus"
*"Anolis olssoni montivagus"
*"Anolis olssoni olssoni"
*"Anolis olssoni palloris"
*"Anolis oporinus"
*"Anolis orcesi" (Orces' Andes Anole)
*"Anolis palmeri" (Palmer's Anole)
*"Anolis paravertebralis"
*"Anolis parilis" (Equador Anole)
*"Anolis paternus" (Nueva Gerona Anole)
*"Anolis paternus paternus"
*"Anolis paternus pinarensis"
*"Anolis peraccae"
*"Anolis philopunctatus"
*"Anolis phyllorhinus" (Bat Anole)
*"Anolis pigmaequestris" (Cayko Frances Anole)
*"Anolis placidus" (Placid Anole)
*"Anolis pogus" (Anguilla Bank Bush or Watts' Anole)
*"Anolis polylepis" (Many-scaled Anole)
*"Anolis poncensis" (Ponce Anole)
*"Anolis porcatus" (Cuban Green Anole)
*"Anolis porcatus aracelyae"
*"Anolis porcatus porcatus"
*"Anolis porcus"
*"Anolis princeps" (First Anole)
*"Anolis proboscis" (Horned Anole)
*"Anolis propinquus"
*"Anolis pseudokemptoni" (False Kempton's Anole)
*"Anolis pseudopachypus"
*"Anolis pseudotigrinus" (False Tiger Anole)
*"Anolis pulchellus" (Puerto Rican or Snake Anole)
*"Anolis pumilus"
*"Anolis punctatus" (Spotted or Amazon Green Anole)
*"Anolis punctatus boulengeri"
*"Anolis punctatus punctatus"
*"Anolis purpurescens" (Purple Anole)
*"Anolis purpurgularis"
*"Anolis pygmaeus" (Chiapis Pygmy Anole)
*"Anolis quadriocellifer" (Penninsula Anole)
*"Anolis quaggulus"
*"Anolis quercorum" (Oaxacan Oak Anole)
*"Anolis radulinus"
*"Anolis reconditus" (Blue Mountains Anole)
*"Anolis rejectus"
*"Anolis rhombifer" (Rhombifer Anole)
*"Anolis richardii"
*"Anolis ricordi" (Haitian Green Anole)
*"Anolis ricordi leberi"
*"Anolis ricordi ricordi"
*"Anolis ricordi subsolanus"
*"Anolis ricordi viculus"
*"Anolis rimarum" (Marmelade Anole)
*"Anolis rivalis" (Neighbor Anople)
*"Anolis roosevelti" (Culebra Island giant anole)
*"Anolis roquet" (Martinique's or Savannah Anole)
*"Anolis roquet caracoli"
*"Anolis roquet majolgris"
*"Anolis roquet roquet"
*"Anolis roquet salinei"
*"Anolis roquet summus"
*"Anolis roquet zebrilus"
*"Anolis rubribarbaris"
*"Anolis rubribarbus" (Sagua de Tanamo Anole)
*"Anolis ruibali"
*"Anolis ruizi"
*"Anolis rupinae" (Castillon Anole)
*"Anolis sabanus" (Saban Anole)
*"Anolis sagrei" (Brown Anole)
*"Anolis sagrei greyi"
*"Anolis sagrei luteosignifer"
*"Anolis sagrei mayensis"
*"Anolis sagrei nelsoni"
*"Anolis sagrei ordinatus"
*"Anolis sagrei sagrei"
*"Anolis salvini" (Salvin's Anole)
*"Anolis santamartae" (Santa Marta Anole)
*"Anolis scapularis"
*"Anolis schiedei" (Schiede's Anole)
*"Anolis schmidti" (Schmidt's Anole)
*"Anolis scriptus" (Silver Key Anole)
*"Anolis scriptus leucophaeus"
*"Anolis scriptus mariguanae"
*"Anolis scriptus scriptus"
*"Anolis scriptus sularum"
*"Anolis semilineatus" (Hispaniolan Grass or santo Domingo Anole)
*"Anolis sericeus" (Silky Anole)
*"Anolis sericeus sallaei"
*"Anolis sericeus sericeus"
*"Anolis sericeus ustus"
*"Anolis serranoi"
*"Anolis sheplani" (Cabral Anole)
*"Anolis shrevei" (Shreve's Anole)
*"Anolis simmonsi" (Simmons' Anole)
*"Anolis singularis" (Porcupine Anole)
*"Anolis smallwoodi" (Smallwood's Anole)
*"Anolis smallwoodi palardis"
*"Anolis smallwoodi saxuliceps"
*"Anolis smallwoodi smallwoodi"
*"Anolis smaragdinus"
*"Anolis smaragdinus lerneri"
*"Anolis smaragdinus smaragdinus"
*"Anolis sminthus" (Mouse Anole)
*"Anolis solitarius" (Solitaire Anole)
*"Anolis spectrum" (Matanzas Anole)
*"Anolis squamulatus" (Small-Scaled Anole)
*"Anolis strahmi" (Strahm's Anole)
*"Anolis strahmi abditus"
*"Anolis strahmi strahmi"
*"Anolis stratulus" (Banded, Spotted, or St. Thomas Anole)
*"Anolis subocularis" (Pacific Anole)
*"Anolis sulcifrons" (Grooved Anole)
*"Anolis taylori" (Taylor's Anole)
*"Anolis terraealtae"
*"Anolis terueli" (Teruel's Anole)
*"Anolis tetarii"
*"Anolis tigrinus" (Tiger Anole)
*"Anolis toldo"
*"Anolis tolimensis"
*"Anolis townsendi" (Townsend's Anole)
*"Anolis trachyderma" (Common Forest or Roughskin Anole)
*"Anolis transversalis" (Banded Tree or Transverse Anole)
*"Anolis trinitatis" (St. Vincent Bush or Trinidad Anole)
*"Anolis tropidonotus" (Greater Scaly Anole)
*"Anolis tropidonotus spilorhipis"
*"Anolis tropidonotus tropidonotus"
*"Anolis umbrivagus"
*"Anolis vanidicus" (Vanidicus Anole)
*"Anolis vanzolinii"
*"Anolis vaupesianus" (Williams' Anole)
*"Anolis ventrimaculatus" (Speckled Anole)
*"Anolis vermiculatus" (Vinales Anole)
*"Anolis vescus"
*"Anolis wattsi" (Watts' Anole)
*"Anolis wattsi forresti"
*"Anolis wattsi schwartzi"
*"Anolis wattsi wattsi"
*"Anolis websteri" (Webster's Anole)
*"Anolis whitemani" (Palid Stout or Whiteman's Anole)
*"Anolis whitemani breslini"
*"Anolis whitemani lapidosus"
*"Anolis whitemani whitemani"
*"Anolis williamsii"
*"Anolis williamsmittermeierorum" (Williams-Mittermeier Anole)

External Links

* [http://www.anolecare.co.cc Complete Anole Care]

References

*Losos, J. B., Jackman, T. R., Larson, A., de Queiroz, K., & Rodriguez-Schettino, L. (1998). Contingency and determinism in replicated adaptive radiations of island lizards. "Science, 279", 2115-2118.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anolis — Anolis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anolis — Rotkehlanolis (Anolis carolinensis) Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anolis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Anolis Anolis carolinensis Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anolis — (Anolis Cuv.), Gattung der Eidechsen aus der Familie der Leguane, schlanke Tiere mit pyramidenförmigem Kopf, prachtvoll gefärbter Wamme (beim Männchen), großen Füßen, sehr langen, scharfspitzigen Krallen und langem, zartem Schwanz. Die etwa 100… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • anolis — ● anolis nom masculin (mot caraïbe) Petit lézard iguanidé américain, apte à se dissimuler par homochromie active. (150 espèces.) anolis ou anoli n. m. Petit saurien arboricole, voisin des iguanes, courant aux Antilles …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Anolis — A*no lis, prop. n. [In the Antilles, anoli, anoalli, a lizard.] (Zo[ o]l.) A genus of lizards which belong to the family {Iguanid[ae]}. They take the place in the New World of the chameleons in the Old, and in America are often called… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Anōlis — (Anoli, Anolius, Mopseidechse, A. Daud., Dactyloa). Gattung der dick züngeligen Schuppeneidechsen mit weitem Kehlsacke, dünnem langem Schwanze, quergestreiften Sohlenscheiben, scharfen Nägeln u. gekerbten Zähnen im Gaumen u. den Kiefern; der… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Anolis — vert ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anolis — noun New World chameleons • Syn: ↑genus Anolis • Hypernyms: ↑reptile genus • Member Holonyms: ↑Iguanidae, ↑family Iguanidae, ↑Iguania, ↑family Iguania …   Useful english dictionary

  • anolis — (a no lis ) s. m. Terme de zoologie. Genre de reptiles qui ressemblent au lézard, et qu on trouve aux Antilles (anolis bullaris) …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.