infobox UK place
country = England
region= West Midlands
Leominster (Audio|En-uk-Leominster.ogg|pronunciation; IPA|/ˈlemstə/ or "Lemster"; is a
market town[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/149159] at gbmapping|SO496590 in Herefordshire, England. It has a population of approximately 11,000 and is on the River Luggand its tributary the River Kenwaterin North Herefordshire.
The town takes its name from a minster, that is a community of clergy in the district of "Lene" or "Leon", probably in turn from an
Old Welshroot "lei" to flow. [J. & C. Hillaby, "Leominster Minster, Priory, and Borough c.660-1539" (Logaston Press, Almeley, Herefs. 2006), 4-5. ] . Contrary to certain reports, the name has nothing to do with Leofric, an 11th century Earl of Mercia (most famous for being the miserly husband of Lady Godiva). The Welsh languagename for Leominster, still used today on the Welsh side of the nearby border, is "Llanllieni".
According to the
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a raid by Gruffudd ap Llywelynon Leominster in 1052 resulted in the Battle of Llanllieni, between the Welsh and a combined force of Normansand English Saxons.
Henry II bestowed the minster and its estates on
Reading Abbey, which founded a priory[http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/15896] at Leominster in 1121, although there was one here from Saxon times [Hillaby, 53-7] . Its Priory Church of St. Peterand St. Paul, which now serves as the parishchurch, is the remaining part of this 12th century Benedictine monastery. Quatrefoilpiers were inserted between 1872-79 by Sir George Gilbert Scott."The Buildings of England: Herefordshire", Nikolaus Pevsner, 1963 p226 ISBN 0-14-071025-6]
The priory was ransacked by the Welsh forces of
Owain Glyndŵrafter their victory at the Battle of Bryn Glasnear Pillethin 1402, along with several local manorhouses.
Investigations to the north of the
Prioryin 2005 located the position of the cloisterthough most of the stone had been robbed following the Dissolution. Disposed animal bones found on the site when submitted to carbon datingshowed that the area was occupied in the 7th century. This agrees with the date of 660 A.D.associated with the founding myth which suggests a Christiancommunity was established here by a monk, St. Edfrid, from Northumberland.
Leominster is also the historical home of
Ryelandsheep, a breed once famed for its 'Lemster' [sic] wool, known as 'Lemster ore'. This wool was prized above all other English wool in trade with the continent of Europe in the Middle Ages. It was the income and prosperity [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/149156] from this wool trade that established the town and the Minster and attracted the envy of the Welsh and other regions.
1748to 1754, Leominster was home to one of only four early cotton spinning mills employing the spinning machines of Lewis Pauland John Wyatt. The mill was financed by Lancashirenative Daniel Bourn, and was partly owned by other men from Lancashire. Bourn introduced his own version of the carding engine to work at this mill, and of the four Paul-Wyatt mills, it may have been the most successful, for the Manchester Mercury, reported on November 5, 1754, shortly after the fire that destroyed the mill, commented that the cotton works "had been viewed with great pleasure and admiration by travellers and all who had seen them."
The four-mile A49 £9m bypass opened in November
1988. The town also has a bus station linking it to Herefordand a number of nearby towns and villages. Leominster railway stationhas services to Ludlowand Hereford; links to London are achieved by changing at Newport, South Wales.
secondary schoolin Leominster is the Minster College, a comprehensive schoolwith around 750 pupils. [ [http://www.minster.hereford.sch.uk/ The Minster College ¦ Home Page ] ] It is located fairly centrally, next door to the town's leisure centreand swimming pool, which are used by the school. The Minster College has received poor results in the past, but county league tables now rank it approximately half way in the list of the county's dozen secondary schools. The Minster is a specialist Sports College.
The town's main
primary schools are Leominster Infants and Leominster Junior School. There are also a number of local village schools including Ivington Church of Englandprimary school, Lustonand Stoke Prior.
People from Leominster
Albert Lee- Guitarist
Arthur Peppercorn- Locomotive designer
Joe Davies- Radio personality
Leominster is twinned with:
*Leominster Folk Museum [http://www.leominster.co.uk/leominster-museum.htm]
*Mousetrap Cheese [http://mousetrapcheese.streamlinenettrial.co.uk/]
*Burford House Gardens
Priory Church, Leominster
Lucton SchoolBlack and White Village Trail [http://www.localtoleominster.co.uk]
Leominster in the news
*In 2007 a shop in Broad Street, Leominster, called 'Teagowns and Textiles' supplied a number of vintage costumes for the acclaimed film "Atonement", which was nominated for 14 BAFTA awards (it came away with 2).
*"Independent" columninst Brian Viner lives near Leominster and frequently writes in praise of the town.New web site launched for Leominster and the surrounding villages of Herefordshire. Locally run for the community and visitors to the region.All contributions welcome.Local to Leominster.
Leominster (UK Parliament constituency)
* [http://www.leominster.co.uk Leominster website]
* [http://www.leominsterfc.com Leominster FC]
* [http://www.leominsterbedandbreakfast.com Leominster Bed and Breakfast] - B&B in Leominster
* [http://www.operationleofric.com Operation Leofric Friends of Leominster Priory]
* [http://www.archenfield.com/Leominster.htm Leominster History from Archenfield Archaeology]
* http://www.localtoleominster.co.uk Local web site for community and visitors run locally. [ [http://www.francisfrith.com/search/england/herefordshire/leominster/photos/leominster_photos.htm 33 Old photos of Leominster]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Leominster — walisisch Llanllieni Koordinaten 52° 1 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Leominster — Leominster, MA U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 41303 Housing Units (2000): 16976 Land area (2000): 28.877819 sq. miles (74.793205 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.879274 sq. miles (2.277308 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.757093 sq. miles … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leominster, MA — U.S. city in Massachusetts Population (2000): 41303 Housing Units (2000): 16976 Land area (2000): 28.877819 sq. miles (74.793205 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.879274 sq. miles (2.277308 sq. km) Total area (2000): 29.757093 sq. miles (77.070513 sq … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Leominster — Leominster, Borough der englischen Grafschaft Hereford, am Lugg u. an der Eisenbahn von Hereford nach Shrewsbury; Fabriken in Wolle, Baumwolle, Leder, Hüten, Handel (Weizen), berühmtes Brod; 4000 Ew. Her endet der Leominsterkanal, welcher aus der … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Leominster — (spr. lemmster, in Amerika: lémminster gespr.), 1) Stadt (municipal borough) in Herefordshire (England), am Lugg, in einem durch Rinderzucht berühmten Landstrich, hat eine stattliche Kirche (1866–91 restauriert), ein Stadthaus im italienischen… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Leominster — (spr. lemmstĕr). 1) Stadt in der engl. Grafsch. Hereford, an der Mündung des Leominsterkanals (vom Severn) in den Lug, (1891) 5675 E. – 2) L. (spr. lémminstĕr), Stadt im nordamerik. Staate Massachusetts, nördl. von Worcester, (1900) 12.392 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
Leominster — /lem in steuhr/, n. a city in N Massachusetts. 34,508. * * * ▪ England, United Kingdom town (“parish”), unitary authority and historic county of Herefordshire, west central England, situated on the River Lugg, a tributary of the Wye. A… … Universalium
Leominster — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Leominster peut désigner les villes de: Leominster (Herefordshire) au Royaume Uni Leominster (Massachusetts) aux États Unis Catégories :… … Wikipédia en Français
Leominster — 1 Original name in latin Leominster Name in other language Llanllieni State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.22652 latitude 2.73907 altitude 80 Population 10673 Date 2011 09 19 2 Original name in latin Leominster Name in other… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Leominster — Sp Lemsteris Ap Leominster L D. Britanija (Anglija) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė