List of United Kingdom by-elections (1918–1931)


List of United Kingdom by-elections (1918–1931)

This is a list of parliamentary by-elections in the United Kingdom held between 1918 and 1931, with the names of the incumbent and victor and their respective parties. Where seats changed political party at the election, the result is highlighted: red for a Labour gain, blue for a Conservative gain, orange for a Liberal gain, yellow for a SNP gain and grey for any other gain.

Resignations

:See Resignation from the British House of Commons for more details.

Where the cause of by-election is given as "resignation" or "seeks re-election", this indicates that the incumbent was appointed on his or her own request to an "office of profit under the Crown", either the Steward of the Chiltern Hundreds or the Steward of the Manor of Northstead. These appointments are made as a constitutional device for leaving the House of Commons, whose Members are not permitted to resign. Members seeking re-election must therefore resign from the "office of profit" before the result of the by-election is returned.

By-elections

* 1 - Gain retained at the 1922 UK general election.

* 2 - Horatio Bottomley was expelled from the Commons following his imprisonment for fraud. The by-election was won by Clifford Erskine-Bolst as a Conservative candidate supporting the Coalition, who retained the seat in the 1922 general election for the party post Coalition.

* 3 - Gain not retained at the 1922 UK general election.

* 4 - The seat was regained at the 1922 general election by the National Liberals, as the Coalition Liberals were restyled following the end of the Coalition.

* 5 - Erskine was the nominee of the Anti-Waste League. In the 1922 general election he was also supported by the St. George's, Hannover Square, Independent Conservative Association who were in dispute with the official Conservative Association in the constituency. During the 1922-1923 Parliament Erskine came to sit as an official Conservative and retained the sea as such in subsequent elections.

* 6 - At the time of his election Polson was supported by Horatio Bottomley who formed the Independent Parliamentary Group in Parliament. Shortly after election he joined the newly formed Anti-Waste League. He unsuccessfully defended his seat in the 1922 general election as an Independent Conservative, losing to an official Conservative candidate.

* 7 - The Wrekin experienced two by-elections in 1920. Both Charles Frederick Palmer and Sir C. V. F. Townshend were supported by Horatio Bottomley and once in Parliament joined his Independent Parliamentary Group. The seat was won by the Coalition Liberals in the 1918 general election and by the Conservatives in the 1922 general election.

* 8 - George Edwards gained Norfolk South from the Liberals, but lost to the Conservatives in the 1922 general election.

* 9 - Thomas Wintringham died later in the Parliament and Louth was retained for the Liberals by his wife Margaret in both the second by-election and the 1922 general election.

* 10 - John Edmund Mills won Dartford from the Coalition Liberals, but lost to G. W. S. Jarrett, running as a Constitutionalist in the 1922 general election.

* 11 - Spen Valley was taken from the Coalition Liberals by Labour due to the intevention of an anti-Coalition official Liberal. In the 1922 general election the anti-Coalition Liberal gained the seat.

* 12 - Due to the establishment of the Parliament of Northern Ireland, the number of constituencies for Northern Ireland was substantially reduced from the 1922 general election. East Antrim was absorbed into the larger two-member Antrim constituency, which at the 1922 election was won by two official Ulster Unionists.

References

* [http://www.leighrayment.com/commons.htm List of MPs since 1660]
*F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Statistics 1832-1987"
*F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49"
*F. W. S. Craig, "Chronology of British Parliamentary By-elections 1833-1987"


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • List of United Kingdom by-elections (1931–1950) — This is a list of parliamentary by elections in the United Kingdom held between 1931 and 1950, with the names of the incumbent and victor and their respective parties. Where seats changed political party at the election, the result is highlighted …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom by-election records — UK by election records is an annotated list of notable records from United Kingdom by elections. A by election occurs when a Member of Parliament resigns, dies, or is disqualified or expelled, and an election is held to fill the vacant seat. A… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom general election, 2010 — United Kingdom general election, 2010[1] 2005 ← members …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom general election, October 1974 — February 1974 ← members 10 October 1974 Members elected …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom general election records — UK general election records is an annotated list of notable records from United Kingdom general elections.Prior to 1945, electoral competition in the United Kingdom exhibited features which make meaningful comparisons with modern results… …   Wikipedia

  • United Kingdom — a kingdom in NW Europe, consisting of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: formerly comprising Great Britain and Ireland 1801 1922. 58,610,182; 94,242 sq. mi. (244,100 sq. km). Cap.: London. Abbr.: U.K. Official name, United Kingdom of Great… …   Universalium

  • List of political parties in the United Kingdom — This is a list of political parties in the United Kingdom. Brief history and overview Prior to the mid 19th century politics in the United Kingdom were dominated by the Whigs and the Tories. These were not political parties in the modern sense… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 1994 — This is a complete list of all 1851 Statutory Instruments published in the United Kingdom in the year 1994. NOTOC 1 100* Public Telecommunication System Designation (Vodafone Limited) Order 1994 S.I. 1994/1 * Oxfordshire County Council (Shifford… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom, 2006 — This is an incomplete list of Statutory Instruments of the United Kingdom in 2006. NOTOC 1 100* Public Contracts Regulations 2006 S.I. 2006/5 * Utilities Contracts Regulations 2006 S.I. 2006/6 * M6 Motorway (Junction 36, Town Head Bridge Parapet… …   Wikipedia

  • List of newspapers in the United Kingdom — This article is a list of newspapers in the United Kingdom. Traditionally, UK newspapers could be split into more serious minded newspapers, usually referred to as the broadsheets due to their large size, and sometimes known collectively as the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.