- List of United Kingdom by-elections (1918–1931)
This is a list of parliamentary
by-elections in the United Kingdomheld between 1918 and 1931, with the names of the incumbent and victor and their respective parties. Where seats changed political partyat the election, the result is highlighted: red for a Labour gain, blue for a Conservative gain, orange for a Liberal gain, yellow for a SNP gain and grey for any other gain.
Resignation from the British House of Commonsfor more details.
Where the cause of by-election is given as "resignation" or "seeks re-election", this indicates that the incumbent was appointed on his or her own request to an "office of profit under the Crown", either the
Steward of the Chiltern Hundredsor the Steward of the Manor of Northstead. These appointments are made as a constitutional device for leaving the House of Commons, whose Members are not permitted to resign. Members seeking re-election must therefore resign from the "office of profit" before the result of the by-election is returned.
* 1 - Gain retained at the 1922 UK general election.
* 2 -
Horatio Bottomleywas expelled from the Commons following his imprisonment for fraud. The by-election was won by Clifford Erskine-Bolstas a Conservative candidate supporting the Coalition, who retained the seat in the 1922 general election for the party post Coalition.
* 3 - Gain not retained at the 1922 UK general election.
* 5 - Erskine was the nominee of the
Anti-Waste League. In the 1922 general election he was also supported by the St. George's, Hannover Square, Independent Conservative Association who were in dispute with the official Conservative Association in the constituency. During the 1922-1923 Parliament Erskine came to sit as an official Conservative and retained the sea as such in subsequent elections.
* 6 - At the time of his election Polson was supported by
Horatio Bottomleywho formed the Independent Parliamentary Groupin Parliament. Shortly after election he joined the newly formed Anti-Waste League. He unsuccessfully defended his seat in the 1922 general election as an Independent Conservative, losing to an official Conservative candidate.
* 7 - The Wrekin experienced two by-elections in 1920. Both
Charles Frederick Palmerand Sir C. V. F. Townshend were supported by Horatio Bottomleyand once in Parliament joined his Independent Parliamentary Group. The seat was won by the Coalition Liberals in the 1918 general election and by the Conservatives in the 1922 general election.
* 11 - Spen Valley was taken from the
Coalition Liberals by Labour due to the intevention of an anti-Coalition official Liberal. In the 1922 general election the anti-Coalition Liberal gained the seat.
* 12 - Due to the establishment of the
Parliament of Northern Ireland, the number of constituencies for Northern Irelandwas substantially reduced from the 1922 general election. East Antrim was absorbed into the larger two-member Antrim constituency, which at the 1922 election was won by two official Ulster Unionists.
* [http://www.leighrayment.com/commons.htm List of MPs since 1660]
F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Statistics 1832-1987"
F. W. S. Craig, "British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-49"
F. W. S. Craig, "Chronology of British Parliamentary By-elections 1833-1987"
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