Lychnis


Lychnis
Lychnis
Lychnis flos-cuculi (Ragged Robin)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Caryophyllaceae
Genus: Lychnis
L.
Species

See text

Lychnis (play /ˈlɪknɪs/)[1] is a genus of 15-25 species of flowering plants in the family Caryophyllaceae, native to Europe, Asia and north Africa. The genus is closely related to (and sometimes included in) Silene, differing in the flowers having five styles (three in Silene), the seed capsule having five teeth (six in Silene), and in the sticky stems of Lychnis. Common names include campion (shared with Silene) and catchfly, the latter name based on the sticky stems.

Selected species

  • Lychnis alba (White Cockle)
  • Lychnis alpina (Alpine Catchfly)
  • Lychnis chalcedonica (Maltese Cross)
  • Lychnis cognata
  • Lychnis coeli-rosa (Rose of Heaven)
  • Lychnis coronaria (Rose Campion)
  • Lychnis coronata
  • Lychnis flos-cuculi (Ragged Robin)
  • Lychnis flos-jovis (Flower-of-Jove)
  • Lychnis fulgens
  • Lychnis nivalis
  • Lychnis senno
  • Lychnis sibirica
  • Lychnis sieboldii
  • Lychnis viscaria (Sticky Catchfly)
  • Lychnis wilfordii

The Lychnis is also the common name of Hadena bicruris, a species of noctuid moth. The larva of this moth feeds on Lychnis species, as do some other Lepidoptera including Cabbage Moth (recorded on L. chalcedonica), Grey Chi and case-bearers of the genus Coleophora including C. albella (feeds exclusively on L. flos-cuculi) and C. leucapennella.

Notes

  1. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lychnis — Lychnis …   Wikipédia en Français

  • lychnis — [ liknis ] n. m. • 1562; mot lat. d o. gr. ♦ Bot. Plante herbacée (caryophyllacées), comprenant de nombreuses variétés, dont plusieurs ornementales. « Les houppes de lychnis poudrent de rose les fonds marécageux » (Genevoix). La nielle des blés… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Lychnis — Lych nis, n. [L., a kind of red flower, Gr. lychni s; cf. ly chnos a lamp.] (Bot.) A genus of Old World plants belonging to the Pink family ({Caryophyllace[ae]}). Most of the species have brilliantly colored flowers and cottony leaves, which may… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • lychnis — [lik′nis] n. [ModL < L, a fiery red rose < Gr lychnos, lamp < IE base * leuk > LIGHT1] any of a genus (Lychnis) of plants of the pink family, with red, pink, or white flowers …   English World dictionary

  • Lychnis — (L. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Caryophylleae Sileneae Lychnideae, 10. Kl. 5. Ordn.; Kelch fünfzähnig, nackt, fünf langnägelige Blumenblätter, zehn Staubgefäße, fünf Narben, einwärts mit Papillen besetzt, außerdem kahl od. überall… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Lychnis — L. (Lichtnelke), Gattung der Karyophyllazeen, meist mehrjährige Kräuter mit dem Habitus von Silene, seltener von Agrostemma, mit breiten, gegenständigen Blättern, in Trugdolden oder Büscheln stehenden Blüten und fünfklappig aufspringender,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lychnis — Lychnis, L., Lichtnelke, Pflanzengattg. der Karyophyllazeen, Kräuter der nördl. gemäßigten Zone, mit schönen Blüten L. viscarĭa L. (Kleb oder Pechnelke), rotblühend, unter den Gelenkknoten pechartig klebrig; L. flos cucŭli L. (Feuernelke,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Lychnis — Pechnelken Kuckuckslichtnelke (Lychnis flos cuculi) Systematik Abteilung: Bedecktsamer ( …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lychnis —   Lychnis …   Wikipedia Español

  • Lychnis — Lychnis …   Wikipédia en Français


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