Cotylelobium melanoxylon


Cotylelobium melanoxylon
Cotylelobium melanoxylon
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Dipterocarpaceae
Genus: Cotylelobium
Species: C. melanoxylon
Binomial name
Cotylelobium melanoxylon
(Hook.f.) Pierre ex F.Heim
Synonyms
  • Anisoptera melanoxylon Hook.f.
  • Cotylelobium beccarianum F.Heim
  • Cotylelobium beccarii Pierre
  • Cotylelobium harmandii (F.Heim) F.Heim
  • Cotylelobium leucocarpum Slooten
  • Sunaptea melanoxylon (Hook.f.) Kosterm.
  • Vatica beccariana F.Heim
  • Vatica harmandii F.Heim
  • Vatica leucocarpa Foxw. ex L.G.Berger & Endert
  • Vatica melanoxylon (Hook.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Miq.
  • Vatica melanoxylon (Hook.f.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Miq. var. recta F.Heim

Cotylelobium melanoxylon is a tropical rainforest tree found in Maritime Southeast Asia. The name melanoxylon is derived from Greek (melanos = black and xylon = wood) and describes the dark heartwood. It is a very good quality timber, as it has very hard and heavy as well as durable wood. C. melanoxylon is a tall emergent tree, up to 60 m, found in mixed dipterocarp forest on yellow sandy soils (Ashton 2004). It also occurs as a smaller canopy tree in kerangas forest on podsols. The tree occurs in at least three protected areas (Lambir National Park, Gunung Mulu National Park and Kabilli-Sepilok Forest Reserve). Local names of the tree include Resak tembaga in Malay and Khiam (เคี่ยม) in Thai. The tree is the provincial symbol tree of Surat Thani Province, Thailand.

References

  • Ashton (1998). Cotylelobium melanoxylon. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Listed as Endangered (EN A1cd+2 cd v2.3)
  • Ashton, P.S. Dipterocarpaceae. In Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak, Volume 5, 2004. Soepadmo, E., Saw, L.G. and Chung, R.C.K. eds. Government of Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. ISBN 983-2181-59-3

External links