- Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
Infobox_President | name=Pedro Eugenio Aramburu
President of Argentina
November 13, 1955
April 30, 1958
May 21, 1903
Río Cuarto, Córdoba
June 1, 1970
Carlos Tejedor, Buenos Aires
party=Unión del Pueblo Argentino (Udelpa)
Pedro Eugenio Aramburu Cilveti Army General. Born in
Río Cuarto, Córdoba on May 21, 1903. He was a major force behind the military uprising against Juan Perónin 1955. He became president of Argentinafrom November 13, 1955to May 1, 1958. He was kidnapped by the leftwing Peronist organization Montoneroson May 29, 1970, and executed in retaliation for involvement in June 1956, in the execution of General Juan José Valle, a loyal Army officer to the Peronist regime.
*He studied in the "Colegio Militar de la Nación"
*1943: Teacher in the Escuela de Guerra
*Director of the Escuela de Guerra
*1955: Commander in Chief of the Army
*1958: Lieutenant general.
15 years of anti-Peronist political power
In September 1955, Aramburu participated in a military coup called the "
Revolución Libertadora". He led the hardliners, and assumed the Presidency of Argentina himself, on November 13, 1955, with the support of Admiral Isaac ["El Caballo"] Rojas, who became Vice-President.
The "Revolucion Libertadora" which overthrew
Juan Domingo Perónwas in opposition to Peronist fascism. It was triggered in part by the Perón's violent and public confrontation with the Catholic Church, the Press and the Ambassador of the United States, Spruille Bradenas well as the imprisonment opposition leaders and economic pandemonium. The Revolución Libertadora freed all political prisoners, lifted a ban on free press and reestablish democracy calling almost immediately for free elections without the participation of the Peronist Party.
Aramburu's military government forced Perón into Perón and barred the Peronist party from further elections. Known Peronists were persecuted and often imprisoned or murdered. Perón lived in exile in Spain until 1973 under the protection of Generalísimo
After the end of his presidential term in 1958, Aramburu retired from the military career and devoted himself entirely to politics.
He ran for president in 1963, forming the "Union del Pueblo Argentino" (UDELPA, Union of the Argentine People), with the slogan: "Vote UDELPA and HE won't return" ("Vote UDELPA y no vuelve"), referring to Perón.
With the Peronists banned, the Presidential elections resulted in
Arturo Umberto Illiabecoming president, with Aramburu coming in third.
Yet the military retained much real power, censoring both Peronism and its leader. The fragility of Argentine democracy was shown when Illia was overthrown in 1966 by a military coup led by General
Juan Carlos Onganía.
In all those 15 years, Pedro Eugenio Aramburu was popular with much of the press. He often gave his opinions on society and politics (especially in Gente magazine, representative of Argentine high society).
In 1970, he was mentioned as a possible Presidential candidate.
In 1960's, rumors about Perón's return to Argentina were circulated daily. From his exile in
Spain, his voice grew stronger and stronger. At the same time, leftist strength grew in Argentina as in much of South America. The example of Che Guevara influenced a generation of students in schools and universities that supported international socialism.
It was in this atmosphere that the
Montoneros, led by Mario Alberto Firmenich were formed.
It is possible that the Montoneros would not have been really relevant had they not chosen the resounding "terrorist" action of kidnapping and executing the former president Pedro Eugenio Aramburu. Many commentators around the world called it a simple case of justice delayed, a "people's execution."
Death of Aramburu
May 29, 1970at noon, Aramburu was seized on the streets of Buenos Aires. Aramburu's disappearance kept Argentinian society on tenterhooks for a month, before it was discovered that Aramburu had been murdered three days after his kidnapping, with his corpse left in a farm in Timote, Carlos Tejedor, in the Buenos Aires Province.
In the following months, statements from the Montoneros flooded the media. Among other things they claimed historical reasons for their actions such as "the execution of 27 Peronist leaders after an unsuccessful Peronist rebellion in 1956", known as the José León Suárez massacre.
In 1974, his body was kidnapped by the Montoneros. The body was to be held until the President
Isabel Peronbrought back Evita Peron's body.
History of Argentina
* [http://www.infanteria.ejercito.mil.ar/formacion/EscueladeInfanteria/Pag%20Web%20Ec%20I/aramburu.htm Ejercito Argentino (Spanish)]
* [http://lanic.utexas.edu/project/arl/pm/sample2/argentin/aramburu/index.html Some speeches of Aramburu]
* [http://www.pais-global.com.ar/html/argentina/presidentesargentinos.htm Information about Presidents of Argentina (Spanish)]
* [http://www.clubdelprogreso.com/index.php?sec=04_05&sid=11&id=1710 Braden vs Peron confrontation (Spanish)]
* [http://www.stormpages.com/marting/montoneros.htm The official notices from Montoneros (Spanish)]
* [http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid= Find-A-Grave profile for Pedro Eugenio Aramburu]
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Aramburu — /ah rddahm booh rddooh/, n. Pedro Eugenio /pe dhrddaw e ooh he nyaw/, 1903 70, president of Argentina 1955 58. * * * … Universalium