Infobox Commune de France
longitude=00° 09' 17" W
latitude=44° 53' 37" N
maire=Bernard Lauret
alt moy=23 m
alt mini=3
alt maxi=107 m

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion

State Party = FRA
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iii, iv
ID = 932
Region = List of World Heritage Sites in Europe
Year = 1999
Session = 23rd
Link =

Saint-Émilion is a commune in the Gironde department in Aquitaine in southwestern France.


Saint-Émilion's history goes back to prehistoric times and is a World Heritage site, with fascinating Romanesque churches and ruins stretching all along steep and narrow streets.

The Romans planted vineyards in what was to become Saint-Émilion as early as the 2nd century AD. In the 4th century, the Latin poet Ausonius lauded the fruit of the bountiful vine.

The town was named after the monk Émilion, a travelling confessor, who settled in a hermitage carved into the rock there in the 8th century. It was the monks who followed him that started up the commercial wine production in the area.


Saint-Émilion is located 35 km northeast of Bordeaux, between Libourne and Castillon-la-Bataille.


* Romanesque church
* Monolithic church, carved from a limestone cliff


Saint-Émilion is one of the principal red wine areas of Bordeaux along with the Médoc, Graves and Pomerol. The region is much smaller than the Médoc and adjoins Pomerol. As in Pomerol and the other appellations on the right bank of the Gironde, the primary grape varieties used are the Merlot and Cabernet Franc, with relatively small amounts of Cabernet Sauvignon also being used by some chateaux.

Saint Émilion wines were not included in the 1855 Bordeaux classification. The first formal classification in Saint-Émilion was made in 1955. Unlike the 1855 classification, it is regularly revised.

Château Ausone and Château Cheval Blanc are the only two wines currently classified as "Premiers grands crus classes A" (First Great Growths category A). There are then 13 "Premiers grands crus classés B" and 47 "grands crus classés".In addition, a large number of vineyards are classified as Grand Cru.


* Marguerite-Élie Guadet


ee also

*Bordeaux wine
*French wine
*Plan Bordeaux
*Bordeaux wine regions
*Classification of Saint-Émilion wine

External links

* [ Official town website]
* [ webtv playing videos on Saint-Emilion]
* [ Saint-Émilion tourist office website]
* [ Video on Saint-Émilion]
* [ aerial virtual tour of Saint-Émilion]
* [ aerial photography of the Saint-Émilion and Aquitaine area]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Saint-Emilion — Saint Émilion DEC …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Émilion — Saint Émilion …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Saint-Emilion — Saint Émilion Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Émilion (homonymie). Saint Émilion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Emilion — Saint Émilion Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Émilion (homonymie). Saint Émilion …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Emilion — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Saint Emilion País …   Wikipedia Español

  • saint-émilion — [ sɛ̃temiljɔ̃ ] n. m. • 1797; de Saint Émilion, n. d une commune de la Gironde, arrondissement de Libourne ♦ Bordeaux rouge corsé, produit sur les coteaux de Saint Émilion. Des saint émilion ou des saint émilions. ● saint émilion nom masculin… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Saint-Émilion —   [sɛ̃temi ljõ], bedeutendes Weinbaugebiet in Südwestfrankreich, am rechten Ufer der Dordogne, östlich von Bordeaux, umfasst 63 Weingüter im Ort Saint Émilion (2 800 Einwohner) und in sieben kleinen Nachbarorten (v. a. im Süden und Osten) mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Saint-émilion — (homonymie) Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Saint Émilion, moine français du VIIIe siècle ; Saint Émilion, village français girondin ; Vignoble de Saint Émilion, vignoble… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint-Emilion — (spr. ßängt emiljóng), Stadt im franz. Depart. Gironde, Arrond. Libourne, am Rand eines Plateaus, 4 km vom rechten Ufer der Dordogne, an der Orléansbahn, hat eine gotische Kirche (12. Jahrh.) mit schönem Glockenturm, eine alte, in den Felsen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Emilion — (spr. ßängtemilĭóng), Stadt im franz. Dep. Gironde, (1901) 3392 E.; Bordeauxweine …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Saint-Émilion — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Saint Émilion (homonymie). 44° 53′ 37″ N 0° 09′ 17″ W …   Wikipédia en Français

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