- Walter Stewart (journalist)
Walter Stewart, 6th High Steward of Scotland."Walter Douglas Stewart ( April 19, 1931– September 15, 2004) was an outspoken Canadian writer, editor and journalism educator, a veteran of newspapers and magazines and author of more than twenty books, several of them bestsellers. " The Globe and Mail" reported news of his death with the headline: "He was Canada's conscience."
Early life and career
Toronto, the son of Miller Stewart and Margaret (Peg) Stewart, both atheists, Co-operative Commonwealth Federationactivists and writers and CBC Radiobroadcasters on nature, he was a class of 1949 graduate of London South Collegiate in London, Ontario. In grade 11, he and a classmate became unpaid high school reporters for the "London Echo" community newspaper, where they co-wrote "The Lads Who Know," a muckraking column that criticized teaching methods. After the "Echo" folded, they shifted their attentions to the high school newspaper, alternating as editor-in-chief.
Stewart became an honours student in history at the
University of Toronto, but dropped out in 1953 after three years. He took a taxi the to the " Toronto Telegram", where an editor offered him twenty-nine minutes until deadline to write up a piece on why he'd dropped out. The "Telegram" took him on as a reporter. He covered police and courts and wrote financial features. His time at the "Telegram" left him cynical about the news trade: "What I learned about journalism there was that it was a suspect craft, dominated by hypocrisy, exaggeration, and fakery. At the Tely, we toadied to advertisers, eschewed investigative reporting, slanted our stories gleefully to fit the party line (Conservative) and to appeal to the one man who counted – the publisher, John F. Bassett." [http://www.michenerawards.ca/english/reportwinfellow2004.htm]
Feature writer, editor and educator
He moved on from the "Telegram" to become picture editor and
Ottawacorrespondent for "Star Weekly", a magazine then published by the " Toronto Star". From 1968 to 1977, save a one-year interlude at the "Star", he worked at " Maclean's" magazine, posted to Ottawa and Washington and eventually managing editorof the title. His later time at "Maclean's" was marked by conflict with editor Peter C. Newman.
From ca. 1988 until 1992, he edited "
Policy Options", the respected magazine of the nonpartisan Institute for Research on Public Policy.
Stewart headed the journalism program at
University of King's Collegein Halifax, Nova Scotia, and later took the Max Bell chair in journalism at the University of Reginain Regina, Saskatchewan. In the 1990s, Stewart wrote a left-wing column for the " Toronto Sun" until it was retired in a newspaper budget cut, and was a regular guest hoston CBC Radio's " As It Happens".
Stewart was a prolific author of books, all but two of them non-fiction.
Stewart's first book, "" (New Press, 1971 and paperback, 1972; released in the U.S. as "Trudeau in Power", Outerbridge & Dienstfrey, 1971), a sharp critique of both prime minister
Pierre Trudeauand the Canadian political and media scenes around him, remained on Canadian bestseller lists for more than a year. He continued writing exposés on issues of public interest with "Divide and Con: Canadian Politics at Work" (New Press, 1973) and "Hard to Swallow: Why Food Prices Keep Rising and What Can Be Done About It" (Macmillan of Canada, 1974).
"But Not in Canada! Smug Canadian Myths Shattered by Harsh Reality" (Macmillan of Canada, 1976, revised paperback 1983) was a forceful exposition and attack on
racism, anti-immigrant feeling and the far rightin Canada which, his "Globe" obituary recalled nearly three decades later, "angered many."
"As They See Us" (
McClelland and Stewart, 1977), on American perceptions of Canada, foresaw " Talking to Americans", and "Strike!" ( McClelland and Stewart, 1977) took an independent-minded look at strikes and labor-management relations. "Paper Juggernaut: Big Government Gone Mad" ( McClelland and Stewart, 1979) slammed public management of the Pickering airportand Montréal-Mirabel airport projects.
Towers of Gold, Feet of Clay: The Canadian Banks" (Collins, 1982; Totem, 1983) was a massive success, staying on Canadian bestseller lists for more than a year. More than seventy thousand copies of his lengthy critique of the Canadian banking system were sold. The title references the Royal Bank tower in Toronto, whose windows are covered with a goldfilm. The book was translated into French as "Les géants de la finance: un dossier-choc sur l'entreprise bancaire canadienne" (tr. by Jacques de Roussan; Inédi, 1982).
He next released "True Blue: The Loyalist Legend" (Collins, 1985), on the
United Empire Loyalists, and "Uneasy Lies the Head: The Truth About Canada's Crown Corporations" (Collins, 1987). With outspoken Quebecpolitician Eric Kierans, Stewart co-authored "The Wrong End of the Rainbow: The Collapse of Free Enterprise in Canada" (Collins, 1988; Harper & Collins, 1989).
Stewart edited "Canadian Newspapers: The Inside Story" (Hurtig Publishers, 1980) and "The Environment" (IRPP, 1988).
In the 1990s, Stewart's critical attention turned again to financial exposé. He released "The Golden Fleece: Why the Stock Market Costs You Money" (
McClelland and Stewart, 1992), "Belly Up: The Spoils of Bankruptcy" ( McClelland and Stewart, 1995) and "Bank Heist: How our Financial Giants are Costing You Money" (HarperCollins, 1997). " Too Big to Fail: Olympia & York: The Story Behind the Headlines" ( McClelland and Stewart, 1993), an ultimately sympathetic treatment of the Reichmann family and the rise and fall of their high-profile international property developer Olympia and York, was probably Stewart's most widely-read title outside Canada.
A 1996 book on charity was Stewart's most controversial. Under threat of a
libelsuit, Douglas & McIntyre, the Vancouver-based publishers of "The Charity Game: Greed, Waste and Fraud in Canada's $86-Billion-a-Year Compassion Industry", withdrew their copies from sale and asked their distributors to return all unsold copies within a few months after release. Nonetheless, the book helped spur considerable discussion on the role and governance of charities.
"Dismantling the State: Downsizing to Disaster" (Stoddart, 1998) critiqued
neoconservatism and neoliberalism in Canada, and the haste in many quarters to cut back and privatize public services.
Stewart also wrote two lighthearted murder mysteries, starring small-town reporter Carlton Withers and set in the Kawartha Lakes region where Stewart's family had cottaged since his youth and the author lived out his own later years: "Right Church, Wrong Pew" (Macmillan of Canada, 1990;
McClelland and Stewart, 1991) and "Hole in One" ( McClelland and Stewart, 1992).
In his last several years, Stewart's books retained his sharp eye and social concern but moved to a more positive pitch. "M.J.: The Life and Times of M.J. Coldwell" (Stoddart, 2000), commissioned by the
Douglas-Coldwell Foundation, was welcomed as a long-overdue biography of the democratic socialist parliamentarian. "My Cross-Country Checkup: Across Canada by Minivan, Through Space and Time" (Stoddart, 2000) presented a charming portrait of Stewart and his wife Joan retracing a trip they had taken in 1964 for a "Star Weekly" series – Joan driving, as the irascible Walter had never learned to – at the dawn of a new century.
Stewart worked again with Kierans, a longtime friend, on the politician's memoirs, "Remembering" (Stoddart, 2001). His final book, "The Life and Politics of
Tommy Douglas" (McArthur, 2003), recounted the life of the first leader of the New Democratic Party; a 2004 paperback reissue, as "The Life and Political Times of Tommy Douglas", marked Douglas' win in the national popularity contest to name The Greatest Canadian.
Stewart died at his home in Sturgeon Point,
Kawartha Lakes, Ontario, of cancer.
*"He was Canada's conscience," Ron Csillag, "
The Globe and Mail", September 16, 2004, page R7
* [http://en.50plus.com/display.cfm?cabinetID=369&libraryID=112&documentID=8721 Taking on the big guys] (Frank Jones, "50Plus", December 1999)
* [http://www.southalumni.ca/docs/lionsprideSpring2005.pdf Gone, But Not Forgotten] , a memoir of Stewart by classmate Bill McMurray ("Lions Pride", South Secondary School Alumni Association newsletter, spring 2005) [pdf file]
* [http://www.charityvillage.com/cv/archive/acov/acov96/acov9626.html The Book Game] , a criticism of "The Charity Game" (John Hochstadt, "The Canadian FundRaiser" via CharityVillage NewsWeek, December 9, 1996)
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