Thomas Denman, 3rd Baron Denman


Thomas Denman, 3rd Baron Denman

Infobox Governor-General | name=The Rt Hon. The Lord Denman,
GCMG, KCVO, PC


order=5th Governor-General of Australia
term_start=31 July 1911
term_end=18 May 1914
predecessor=The Earl of Dudley
successor=Sir Ronald Munro-Ferguson
birth_date=birth date|1874|11|16|df=y
birth_place=London, United Kingdom
death_date=death date and age|1954|6|24|1874|11|16|df=y
death_place=Hove, Sussex
spouse=
profession=
religion=

Thomas Denman, 3rd Baron Denman GCMG, KCVO, PC (16 November 1874–24 June 1954), was a British Liberal politician and the fifth Governor-General of Australia.

Early years

Born in London, Denman was the son of Thomas Denman, a court clerk. Thomas Denman, 1st Baron Denman, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, was his great-grandfather. He was educated at Sandhurst, intending a military career. He unexpectedly inherited his title from his great-uncle in 1894 and was able to take his seat in the House of Lords on his 21st birthday the following year. He had little money until 1903, when he married Gertrude Pearson, daughter of the wealthy industrialist Weetman Pearson (later first Viscount Cowdray). Denman was then able to devote his time to politics, and served in the Liberal administrations of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman and H. H. Asquith as a Lord-in-Waiting (government whip in the House of Lords) from 1905 to 1907 and as Captain of the Honourable Corps of Gentlemen-at-Arms (government chief whip in the House of Lords) between 1907 and 1911. He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1907. It seems that the Colonial Secretary offered Denman the post of Governor-General of Australia to get him out of politics. Australian Dictionary of Biography
last= Cunneen
first= Chris
authorlink=
year=1981
id=A080304b
title= Denman, Thomas [Baron Denman] (1874 - 1954)
accessdate=2008-04-30
]

Governor-General

The Denmans arrived in Sydney in July 1911. They found Andrew Fisher's Labor government firmly in control. As the most politically liberal Governor-General yet appointed, he got on well with the Labor ministers, and his modesty and generosity with his father-in-law's money made him popular with the public. In October 1912, the New South Wales Premier, James McGowen "evicted" him from Government House, Sydney. On 12 March 1913, he inaugurated the new national capital and Lady Denman formerly announced its name, Canberra.

But Denman found that he had less real political influence than any previous Governor-General. As Australia, along with the other dominions, achieved political maturity, the Prime Minister communicated directly with his British counterpart, cutting the Colonial Secretary and the Governor-General out of the loop. The appointment of an Australian High Commissioner in London further reduced the Governor-General's diplomatic role.

In June 1913 the Labor government was unexpectedly defeated at the general elections by Joseph Cook's Liberals. But Labor retained control of the Senate, and was determined to frustrate Cook's government at every turn. By early 1914 it was clear that a constitutional crisis was developing. He was in poor health—that he was allergic to Australia's national flower, the wattle, did not help—and his marriage was suffering from his wife's unhappiness at being so far from home. He felt he lacked the strength to deal with the political situation, and in May 1914 he resigned.

Later years

With the outbreak of World War I, Denman commanded a Yeomanry regiment in 1914 and 1915. He remained loyal to Asquith and the Liberals and so did not hold office again, leading a quiet life until his death in Hove, Sussex, 22 days after his wife. He was succeeded in the barony by his son Thomas.

Notes


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