Basket


Basket

A basket is a container which is traditionally constructed from stiff fibres, often made of willow. [http://www.bluestem.ca/willows-basketry.htm] . The top is either left open or the basket may be fitted with a lid.

Historical usage

Wood, bamboo, wheat, other grasses, rushes, twigs, osiers, or wicker are often used to make baskets. These items can also made today from plastic. The first baskets were woven by gatherers to collect fruits, grains, nuts, and other edible plant materials, as well as for holding fish by early fishing humans. A creel is a basket made especially to hold fish.ll

The plant life available in a region affects the choice of material, which in turn influences the weaving technique. Rattan and other members of the Arecaceae or palm tree family, the thin grasses of temperate regions, and broad-leaved tropical bromeliads each require a different method of twisting and braiding to be made into an effective basket.

Although baskets were traditionally created to serve a utilitarian rather than an aesthetic purpose, the practice of basket making has evolved into an art. Artistic freedom allows basket makers a wide choice of colors, materials, sizes, patterns, and details.Archaeological sites in the Middle East show that weaving techniques were used to make mats and possibly also baskets, circa 8 000 BC. Baskets made with several interwoven techniques were common at 3 000 BC.

The carrying of a basket on the head, particularly by rural women, has long been practiced. Representations of this in Ancient Greek art are called Canephorae.

Overturned woven baskets are used drummed by the Tohono O'odham to accompany songs (Zepeda 1995, p.89).

Modern usage

In modern usage, baskets are chosen chiefly for decorative purposes.

Easter baskets are used to collect or hold treats for Easter. These baskets are normally made of plastic (not woven) and have a weave-like pattern imprinted.

Gift baskets are used to present items such as fruit, wine, and flowers. Some baskets are used to cradle bottles of red wine to assist pouring.

Baskets made out of crystal glass are manufactured both for decorative and utility purposes.

Hot air balloons are equipped with baskets for carrying the operator and passengers.

As a demonstration of contortionism, a basket containing a human may be repeatedly pierced with swords. The human survives through skill in avoiding the swords.

Figurative and literary usage

The phrase "to hell in a handbasket" means "to rapidly deteriorate". The origin of this use is unclear.

Gallery of baskets


A_wicker_balloon_basket_holding_16_passengersImage:Korb1.jpg|Basket_stall,_Frankfurt,_GermanyImage:Basket_493_(PSF).png|Deep_long-handled_carrying_basketImage:Hubbell_baskets.jpeg|Old_American_Indian_baskets,_Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site

ee also

*Basket weaving
*Canephorae
*Weaving

External links

* [http://www.bcgov.net/bftlib/sweetgra.htm Sweetgrass Baskets (African-American, South Carolina) -- Beaufort County Library]

ource

*Zepeda, Ofelia (1995). "Ocean Power: Poems from the Desert". ISBN 0816515417.


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Basket — Bas ket, n. [Of unknown origin. The modern Celtic words seem to be from the English.] 1. A vessel made of osiers or other twigs, cane, rushes, splints, or other flexible material, interwoven. Rude baskets . . . woven of the flexile willow. Dyer.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • basket — USA This term has a number of meanings. In the context of: • Finance, business jargon used to refer to a maximum dollar amount for a specific exception to a covenant restriction in a financing agreement. For example, a loan agreement may limit… …   Law dictionary

  • Basket — steht für Basket (Zeitschrift), Sportzeitschrift Fruits Basket, Manga Siehe auch Basket Lake Baskett Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • basket — /ˈbasket, ingl. ˈbɑːskɪt/ s. m. inv. (sport) accorc. di basket ball; pallacanestro □ canestro …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • basket — [bas′kit, bäs′kit] n. [ME < ?] 1. a container made of interwoven cane, rushes, strips of wood, etc. and often having a handle or handles 2. the amount that a basket will hold 3. anything like a basket in shape or use 4. the structure hung from …   English World dictionary

  • Basket — Bas ket, v. t. To put into a basket. [R.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Basket 1 — est une émission de télévision sportive diffusée en Belgique sur la Une (RTBF). Présentée par Frank Peterkenne et Pierre Robert, elle présente en quinze minutes les plus beaux moments du match de la soirée. Lien externe (fr) La page d émission de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • basket — (n.) early 13c., from Anglo Fr. bascat, origin obscure despite much speculation. On one theory from L. bascauda kettle, table vessel, said by the Roman poet Martial to be from Celtic British and perhaps cognate with L. fascis bundle, faggot, in… …   Etymology dictionary

  • basket — (del inglés) sustantivo masculino 1. (no contable) Área: deporte Uso/registro: restringido en España. Origen: América. Baloncesto: jugar al basket …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • basket — ► NOUN 1) a container for holding or carrying things, made from interwoven strips of cane or wire. 2) Basketball a net fixed on a hoop, used as the goal. 3) a group, category, or range: a basket of currencies. ORIGIN Old French …   English terms dictionary

  • Basket — (engl., »Korb«), Reismaß in Niederbirma, seit 1872 = 38,836 Lit., für ungeschälten Reis 51–52, für Kargoreis mit noch 1/5 Paddy (ungeschältem) 68 Pfd. = 30,84 kg …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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