1912 in science


1912 in science

The year 1912 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Biology

* July 23 - Horace Donisthorpe first discovers Anergates atratulus in the New Forest, England.

Chemistry

* Peter Debye derives the T-cubed law for the low temperature heat capacity of a nonmetallic solid.

Exploration

* March 7 - Roald Amundsen announces discovery of the South Pole.

Geology

* Alfred Wegener proposes the theory of continental drift.

Medicine

* Kazimierz Funk identifies vitamins.

Physics

* Victor Hess discovers that the ionization of air increases with altitude, indicating the existence of cosmic radiation.
* Max von Laue suggests using crystal lattices to diffract X-rays.
* Walter Friedrich and Paul Knipping diffract X-rays in zinc blende.

Awards

* Nobel Prize
** Physics - Nils Gustaf Dalén
** Chemistry - Grignard/Sabatier
** Medicine - Alexis Carrel

Births

* March 23 - Wernher von Braun (d. 1977), physicist and engineer.
* April 19 - Glenn T. Seaborg (d. 1999), physical chemist, Nobel laureate in Chemistry
* May 30 - Julius Axelrod (d. 2004), biochemist, Nobel laureate in Physiology.
* September 7 - David Packard (d. 1996), engineer.

Deaths

* February 10 - Joseph Lister (b. 1827), British inventor of antiseptic.
* February 12 - Osborne Reynolds (b. 1842), physicist.
* March 29 - Robert Falcon Scott (b. 1868), explorer.
* July 17 - Henri Poincaré (b. 1854), French mathematician.
* August 7 - François-Alphonse Forel (b. 1841), pioneer in the study of lakes.


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