- Loews Cineplex Entertainment
Loews Theatres, aka Loews Incorporated, founded in 1904 by
Marcus Loew, was the oldest theater chain operating in North Americauntil it merged with AMC Theatreson January 26, 2006. From 1924 until 1954 it was also the parent company of Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios. The Loews name is still used by AMC in some markets.
The company was originally called "Loew's", after the founder, Marcus Loew, until 1969 when the Tisch brothers acquired the company. [ [http://www.zwire.com/site/news.cfm?newsid=15524776&BRD=1291&PAG=461&dept_id=523586&rfi=6 Caren Lissner, "Apostrophe catastrophe". "The Hudson Reporter", November 5, 2005.] ]
Loew's Theatres Incorporated was founded in 1904 in Cincinnati Ohio by entrepreneur Marcus Loew. Loew founded a chain of
Nickelodeontheaters which showed short silent films in storefront locations. Soon the successful enterprise grew to include deluxe vaudevillehouses and finally lavish movie palaces. Loew's theaters were found in cities from coast-to-coast, but primarily in East Coast and Midwest states.
To provide quality films for his theaters, Loew founded Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures (MGM) in 1924. Loew's Incorporated served as distribution arm and parent company for the
Hollywoodstudio until the two were forced to separate by United States v. Paramount Pictures, Inc.(1948), a U.S. Supreme Courtruling. The two split in 1954.
In 1985, when federal regulations had been relaxed,
Tri-Star Picturesacquired the Loews theater chain from Loews Corporation, the successor company to the original firm founded by Marcus Loew. Loews Corporation by this time was a holding company owned by brothers Robert and Laurence Tischhighly diversified in non-entertainment business interests ranging from hotels to insurance.
Upon the full acquisition of Tri-Star to
Columbia Pictures, and when Columbia was bought by Sonyin 1989, Sony inherited the theaters as well. For a while, Loews operated under the Sony Theaters banner. Ironically, a Sony-led partnership would later acquire MGM in 2005.
In 1994, Sony partnered with
Magic Johnsonto form Magic Johnson Theaters, a mini-chain of theaters specifically geared toward the inner cities, particularly in Los Angeles.
Cineplex Odeon Corporationmerged with Loews Theaters to form Loews Cineplex Entertainment. The combined company was one of the largest movie exhibitors in the world, with theaters in the United States, Canada, Mexico, Korea, and Spain. In 2001, though, the company declared Chapter 11 as a result of absorbing Cineplex's financial woes.
Onex Corporationand Oaktree Capital Managementacquired Loews Cineplex. In 2004, they sold it, minus its Canadian assets, to a private group of investors which included the Carlyle Group.
AMC Theatresannounced that it would merge with Loews Cineplex Entertainment and that the merged company would adopt the AMC name. The Loews name would remain a brand under the new company. [cite web | title=AMC closes acquisition of Loews Cineplex | work=USA Today | url=http://www.usatoday.com/life/movies/news/2006-01-26-amc-loews_x.htm | accessmonthday=January 26 | accessyear=2006] At the time of the merger, Loews operated 198 theaters with 2,235 screens. It is not affiliated with its former parent, the Loews Corporation.
Loew's Wonder Theaters
Robert Sobel"The Entrepreneurs: Explorations Within the American Business Tradition" (Weybright & Talley 1974), luca 7, "Marcus Loew: An Artist in Spite of Himself" ISBN 0-679-40064-8.
* [http://www.ketupa.net/loews2.htm Brief history of Loews Theaters, including the Sony acquisitions.]
* [http://www.amctheatres.com/aboutamc/ourhistory.html Brief history of AMC Theatres.]
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