- Southern Airways
Southern Airways airline_codes|SO|SOU|Southern was a
regional airlineoperating in the United Statesfrom its founding by Frank Hulsein 1949 until 1979 when it was folded into Republic Airlines, which on 1 October 1986became part of Northwest Airlines.
Original aircraft and routes
Southern Airways began its life operating
Douglas DC-3aircraft on a route system which covered the south-central portion of the U.S. By 1968, Southern's route system extended from its most northerly stop at the Bristol-Kingsport-Johnson City (Tri-Cities regional) airport in Tennesseesouthward to its most southerly points at New Orleansand Jacksonville, Florida. The westward boundaries of Southern's route system were marked by Baton Rouge and Monroe, Louisiana. Routes extended eastward to the Atlantic Oceanat Myrtle Beach and Charleston, South Carolina.
Transition into the jet age
Southern began acquiring 40-passenger
Martin 4-0-4piston airliners secondhand from Eastern Air Linesin 1961, and its final DC-3 retired in 1967. The airline began acquiring 65-75 passenger Douglas DC-9-10 fanjets in 1967 and 85-95 passenger DC-9-30 fanjets in 1969. Some of these were bought new from the manufacturer. Southern did not operate turbopropaircraft as a transition from propeller equipment to pure jets, as many other airlines did. Instead, like Trans World Airlines, it moved directly from piston-engined equipment to jets. However, by the time of the merger with North Central, Southern had replaced its Martins with a small fleet of 19-passenger Fairchild MetroII turboprop commuter airliners.
By 1971, Southern was operating flights into
New York Cityand Chicagoand as far south as Orlando and Miami. Because U.S. government regulation of airline routes prohibited Southern from operating flights from New York or Washington, D.C.nonstop to Atlanta, an unusual route developed which provided multiple daily flights from New York and Washington nonstop to Columbus, Georgia, then on to Dothan, Alabama; Mobile, Alabama; Panama City, Florida, Eglin Air Force Base, Florida; and/or Gulfport/ Biloxi, Mississippi. Southern remained a regional airline in character, and flights with up to five or six stops were frequently found in their published schedules.
With increasing acquisitions of DC-9 jet aircraft, many routes which were once served with prop equipment were served with jets. Relatively small communities were linked to each other with full-size jet equipment. Jet transportation was provided to hubs at Atlanta and Memphis, sometimes with multiple stops. Some examples of these unusual nonstop jet routes include:
*Columbus, Georgia to Washington, DC. and New York/Newark.
Meridian, Mississippito Birmingham, Alabama; Columbus, Mississippi; and Laurel/ Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
Tuscaloosa, Alabamato Atlanta, Georgia and Columbus, Mississippi.
Florence, Alabamato Memphis, Tennesseeand Huntsville/ Decatur, Alabama.
Greenville, Mississippito Memphis, Tennessee and Monroe, Louisiana.
Columbia, South Carolinato Greenville/Spartanburg and Charleston, South Carolina.
Albany, Georgiato Atlanta, Georgia; Valdosta, Georgia; Dothan, Alabama; and Columbus, Georgia.
None of these routes are served with full-size jet aircraft today, few of these routes are served at all, and some of these airports no longer have any scheduled airline services whatsoever.
By the mid-1970s, Southern's route system had expanded significantly to include St. Louis,
Detroit, Ft. Lauderdale and Grand Cayman, which would be Southern's only international destination.
Southern Airways billed itself as the "Route of the
Aristocrats." and used the slogan "Nobody's Second Class on Southern" in its television commercials. It was famous for its promotional shot glasses: for a time, a differently designed shot glass was issued each year. Original Southern shot glasses are valued by collectors of the airline's memorabilia.
Difficulties and merger
By the late 1970s, Southern Airways had begun to experience difficulties. Two fatal accidents (See "
Southern Airways Flight 932" November 14, 1970and " Southern Airways Flight 242" April 4, 1977) blighted the airline's otherwise excellent safety record. Improved highways and an increasing willingness among airline passengers to drive to airports farther away for more convenient flights made many of Southern's routes obsolete. With dramatic increases in the price of jet fuel in the 1970s, operation of many of Southern's routes was no longer cost-effective.
1 July 1979, Southern merged with North Central Airlinesto form Republic Airlines and the "Route of the Aristocrats" came to an end. [ [http://www.southernairways.org/ Southern Airways - Retired, Family & Friends ] ]
*1. Anderson, S. C.
*2. Albany, Ga.
*3. Anniston, Ala.
*4. Athens, Ga.
*5. Atlanta, Ga.
*6. Baton Rouge, La.
*7. Birmingham, Al.
*8. Charleston, S.C.
*9. Charlotte, N.C.
*10. Chattanooga, Tenn.
*11. Columbia, S.C.
*12. Columbus, Ga.
*13. Columbus, Miss.
*14. Decatur, Ala.
*15. Dothan, Ala.
*16. Eglin Air Force Base, Fla.
*17. Gadsden, Ala.
*18. Greenville, Miss.
*19. Greenville, S.C.
*20. Spartanburg, S.C.
*21. Greenwood, Miss.
*22. Greenwood, S.C.
*23. Gulfport, Miss.
*24. Biloxi, Miss.
*25. Hattiesburg, Miss.
*26. Huntsville, Ala.
*27. Jackson, Miss.
*28. Jackson, Tenn.
*29. Jacksonville, Fla.
*30. Knoxville, Tenn.
*31. Laurel, Miss.
*32. Memphis, Tenn.
*33. West Memphis, Ark.
*34. Meridian, Miss.
*35. Mobile, Ala.
*36. Montgomery, Ala.
*37. Monroe, La.
*38. Moultrie, Ga.
*39. Muscle Shoals, Ala.
*40. Florence, Ala.
*41. Sheffield, Ala.
*42. Tuscombia, Ala.
*43. Myrtle Beach, S.C.
*44. Nashville, Tenn.
*45. Natchez, Miss.
*46. New Orleans, La.
*47. Panama City, Fla.
*48. Pascagoula, Miss.
*49. Rockwood, Tenn.
*50. Shelbyville, Tenn.
*51. Tullahoma, Tenn.
*52. Tri-Cities, Tenn.
*53. Bristol, Tenn.
*54. Bristol, Va.
*55. Johnson City, Tenn.
*56. Kingsport, Tenn.
*57. Tupelo, Miss.
*58. Tuscaloosa, Ala.
*59. University/Oxford, Miss.
*60. Valdosta, Ga.
*61. Tampa, Fla.
*62. Orlando, Fla.
*63. Vicksburg, Miss. [ [http://www.southernairways.org/cities_served_by_southern.htm Cities Served By Southern ] ]
*Douglas DC-9-14 - 27 used
*Douglas DC-9-15 - 9 used, including a DC-9-15F
*Douglas DC-9-31 - 9 used
*Douglas DC-9-32F - 1 used
* [http://www.southernairways.org/new_mag1.htm Southern Airways employees website]
* [http://www.southernairways.org/aircraft_in_service_at_southern_dc9.htm DC-9 fleet list]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Southern Airways — (IATA: SO, OACI: SOU, Callsign: Southern) était une compagnie aérienne américaine régionale fondée en 1949 par Frank Hulse qui a fusionné en 1979 avec Republic Airlines, qui a rejoint Northwest Airlines en 1986. Lien externe (en) Site des anciens … Wikipédia en Français
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