Pope John VII


Pope John VII

Infobox Pope
English name=John VII


birth_name=???
term_start=March 1, 705
term_end=October 18, 707
predecessor=John VI
successor=Sisinnius
birth_date=???
birthplace=Rossano di Calabria, Greece
dead=dead|death_date=death date|707|10|18|mf=y
deathplace=???
other=John

John VII (died October 18, 707) was pope from 705 to 707. The successor of John VI, he was (like his predecessor) of Greek nationality. His origins are unclear. Allegedly he emanated from Rossano in Calabria, although Constantinople would be a plausible alternative. He is one of the popes of the Byzantine captivity.

John’s father, Plato, was "cura palatii urbis Romae", or curator of the Palatine Hill. This makes John the first pope to be the son of a Byzantine official. [Kelly, J. N. D. "The Oxford Dictionary of Popes". Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 84.] His mother was called Blatta. [Kelly, J. N. D. "The Oxford Dictionary of Popes". Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 84.]

John VII had good relations with the Lombards, who then ruled much of Italy. However, his relations with Justinian II, the Byzantine Emperor, were far from smooth. Papal relations with Byzantium had soured over the Quinisext or Trullan council of 692. Scholarly debate contests John VII's stance on the Canons. [Breckenridge, J. D. "Evidence for the Nature of Relations between Pope John VII and the Byzantine Emperor Justinian II". "Byzantinische Zeitschrift", Vol. 65, 1972.] [Nordhagen, P. J. "Constantinople on the Tiber".] [Smith, J. M. H. (ed.). "Early Medieval Rome and the Christian West". Leiden, 2000.] He did not ratify the Canons, which were deeply unpopular in Italy. Nonetheless, he was criticized, most unusually, by the Liber Pontificalis for not signing them:

"He [Emperor Justinian II] despatched two metropolitan bishops, also sending with them a mandate in which he requested and urged the pontiff [John VII] to gather a council of the apostolic church, and to confirm such of them as he approved, and quash and reject those which were adverse. But he, terrified in his human weakness, sent them back to the prince by the same metropolitans without any emendations at all." [Davis, R. "The Book of Pontiffs: the ancient biographies of the first ninety Roman bishops to AD 715". Liverpool University Press, 2000, p. 91.]

Several monuments in Rome are connected with John. The most notable is the Church of St. Maria Antiqua at the foot of the Palatine Hill. Upon the Palatine traces of an episcopal palace, or Episcopium, associated with John have been discovered. [Augenti, A. "Il Palatino nel Medioevo". Roma, 1996.] John VII also constructed an Oratory dedicated to the Theotokos. The Oratory was located within the Old basilica of St. Peter. Fragments of the mosaic decoration can be found in the Vatican grottoes. Furthermore, a sizeable icon, known as the "Maddona della Clemenza" and housed in Santa Maria in Trastevere, is believed to have been commissioned under the patronage of John. [Nordhagen, J. P. "Icons designed for the display of sumptuous votive gifts". "Dumbarton Oaks Papers", Vol. 41, 1988.] He also restored the monastery of Subiaco, destroyed by the Lombards in 601.

John VII died in 707 and was buried in St. Peter's. He was succeeded by Sisinnius.

References

*Claudio Rendina, "I Papi. Storia e segreti", Newton Compton, Rome, 1984.
*1911


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pope John VII —     Pope John VII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VII     (705 707).     The year of his birth is unknown; d. 18 October, 707. Few particulars of his life remain. Like many other popes during the period of Byzantine influence in Rome,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John VII of Alexandria — was the Coptic Pope of Alexandria and Patriarch of the See of St. Mark Number 77 (1261 – 1268).With support from some of the Bishops, Pope John VII was replaced for three years by Pope Gabriel III who was originally one of the candidates for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Clement VII — For the antipope (1378–1394), see Antipope Clement VII. Clement VII Portrait by Sebastiano del Piombo, c. 1531 Metropolis Florence …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Innocent VII — Innocent VII Papacy began October 17, 1404 Papacy ended November 6, 1406 Predecessor Boniface IX …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Pius VII — Pius VII Portrait by Jacques Louis David Papacy began 14 March 1800 Papacy ended 20 August 1823 ( 10000000000000023000000 …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Stephen VII — Infobox Pope English name=Stephen VII birth name=Stephanus term start=December, 928 term end=February, 931 predecessor=Leo VI successor=John XI birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=February, 931 deathplace=???… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Leo VII — Infobox Pope English name=Leo VII birth name=??? term start=January 3, 936 term end=July 13, 939 predecessor=John XI successor=Stephen VIII birth date=Unknown dead=dead|death date=death date|939|7|13|mf=y other=LeoLeo VII (died July 13, 939),… …   Wikipedia

  • Pope Benedict VII — Infobox Pope English name=Benedict VII birth name=??? term start=October, 974 term end=July 10, 983 predecessor=Benedict VI successor=John XIV birth date=??? birthplace=Rome, Italy dead=dead|death date=death date|983|7|10|mf=y deathplace=Rome,… …   Wikipedia

  • John VII —     Pope John VII     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Pope John VII     (705 707).     The year of his birth is unknown; d. 18 October, 707. Few particulars of his life remain. Like many other popes during the period of Byzantine influence in Rome,… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Pope John — has been the most common papal name in the Roman Catholic Church, used by 21 popes, though the numbering of them has been irregular through history due to antipopes and differences in old lists. The Latin name is Iohannes .# Pope John I (523–526) …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.