Breisgau


Breisgau
Aerial view of Breisgau.

Breisgau is the name of an area in southwest Germany, placed between the river Rhine and the foothills of the Black Forest around Freiburg im Breisgau in the state of Baden-Württemberg. The district Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald, which partly consists of the Breisgau, is named after that area. Parts of the Breisgau are also situated in the political districts of Freiburg im Breisgau and of Emmendingen.

Contents

History

Arms of the House of Zähringen

In earlier times the Breisgau was known as Breisachgau, meaning the shire around the town of Breisach on the east bank of the Rhine.

The earliest historically attested inhabitants were Celts. In Roman times, the area was part of the province of Germania superior. But after the rupture of the limes Germanicus in 260, the area was settled by the Alemanni. It remained a part of Alemannia throughout the Dark Ages and was a buffer zone between the central Alemannic lands and Alsace, which was less strongly colonised by the Alemanni.

In the mid-9th century it was a march-like county guarding the frontier with southern Lotharingia and Alsace. In 859, it was bestowed on Charles the Fat, the son of King Louis I, a sign of its importance. In the tenth centuries the counts were of the family of the Zähringen. The Breisgau formed a central part of the Duchy of Zähringen in the 12th century. The dukes founded Freiburg in it, which became their chief city.

Arms of Further Austria (Vorderösterreich)

From the 13th/14th century until 1797, the area was part of the Vorlande, the area in southwest Germany ruled by the Austrian Habsburgs, but the Breisgau, along with the rest of the Vorlande, was ceded by them to the former Duke of Modena, a relation, as compensation for his loss of his hereditary lands to the French Cisalpine Republic. In 1805, by the Treaty of Pressburg, the area was ceded to the Grand Duchy of Baden.

Borders and area

The Breisgau includes the flat area around river Rhine, the foothills of the Black Forest and the western faces of the southern Black Forest mountains and the Kaiserstuhl hills.

In the south the Breisgau borders onto the Markgräflerland, in the west onto the Sundgau (Alsace, France), in the east onto the Black Forest and in the north onto the Ortenau area.

Climate

The climate of the Breisgau is warm; in fact, it is the warmest region in Germany. The average annual temperature is 11 degrees Celsius, the average rainfall is 900 mm.

Agriculture

The Breisgau is known for its wine and used for fruit tree orchards and grain.

Places in the Breisgau

The by far biggest town in the Breisgau region is Freiburg. Other known places are Bad Krozingen, Staufen, Breisach, Endingen, Kenzingen, Neuenburg and Emmendingen.

A noted mountain is the Schauinsland (1,284 m).

External links

Coordinates: 47°56′N 7°49′E / 47.933°N 7.817°E / 47.933; 7.817


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Breisgau — (Brisgau, Brisachgau), Landstrich am Rhein, von Breisach benannt; einer der beträchtlichsten Gaue Deutschlands im Mittelalter; zwischen Rhein, Basel Augst, Sundgau, Ortenau, dem Bisthum Strasburg u. dem Schwarzwalde; gehört jetzt zum Ober u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — (Brisgau, Brisachgau), im Mittelalter einer der größten Gaue Alemanniens, wurde vom Rhein, von dem Basel , Augst u. Sundgau, der Ortenau, dem Bistum Straßburg und dem Schwarzwald begrenzt und zählte 1748 ungefähr 1650 qkm mit 137,000 Einw.… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — Breisgau, Landschaft in Baden, die Kreise Freiburg und Lörrach umfassend, erst den Herzögen von Zähringen gehörig, 1368 österr., 1801 dem Herzog von Modena verliehen, seit 1810 badisch. Hauptstadt war Freiburg …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — Breisgau, der, von der Feste Breisach genannt, umfaßte die Gegend vom Feldberg bis zum Rhein und von der Wiese bis an die Elz, eine 8 QM. große herrliche Landschaft mit den höchsten Gipfeln des Schwarzwaldes und der warmen Rheinthalebene, welche… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — Der Breisgau ist eine Region im Südwesten Baden Württembergs mit dem Zentrum Freiburg im Breisgau, gelegen zwischen Oberrhein und Schwarzwald. Luftbild vom Breisgau, aufgenommen bei einer Ballonfahrt Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Breisgau — Breis|gau, der; [e]s, landsch. das; [e]s: Landschaft am Oberrhein. * * * Breisgau,   historische Landschaft am Oberrhein, zwischen dem Rhein im Westen, dem Schwarzwald im Osten, der Ortenau im Norden und dem Markgräfler Land …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — Historic region, southwestern Germany. Located between the Rhine River and the Black Forest, it was once part of the Roman empire. From the 3rd century AD it was occupied by the Germanic Alemanni. It became a countship in the early Middle Ages,… …   Universalium

  • Breisgau — 1. Im Breisgau ist der Bürgermeister Schinder. 2. Im Breisgau ist der Schinder Bürgermeister. – Eiselein, 93. Pauli erzählt den Ursprung so: »Als ein Bürgermeister aus einem Städtchen des Breisgau aufs Land ging und ihn der Thorwart fragte:… …   Deutsches Sprichwörter-Lexikon

  • Breisgau — Brisgau 47°56′N 7°49′E / 47.933, 7.817 Le Brisgau (en allemand : Breisgau, Pays de Breis ) est une région d Allemagne, située entre la forêt Noire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Breisgau — Sp Bresgau nkt. Ap Breisgau L reg. ir kraštovaizdis PV Vokietijoje …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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