1914 in Canada


1914 in Canada

"See also:"
1913 in Canada,
other events of 1914,
1915 in Canada and the
list of 'years in Canada'.

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Events

* March 19: The Royal Ontario Museum opens
* April 11: Canadian Margaret C. MacDonald is appointed Matron-in-Chief of the Canadian Nursing service band and becomes the first woman in the British Empire to reach the rank of major.
* May 14: First major discovery of oil in western Canada at Turner Valley
* May 29: Ocean liner RMS "Empress of Ireland" sinks in Gulf of St. Lawrence; 1,024 lives lost.
* June 19: A coal mine explosion in Hillcrest, Alberta kills 189 of 235, the worst mining disaster in Canadian history
* June 29: 1914 Ontario election: Sir James Whitney's Conservatives win a fourth consecutive majority
* August 4: WWI: United Kingdom declares war on Germany, meaning Canada is automatically involved.
* August 14: Canada's War Measures Act is passed suspending all civil rights in Canada during a crisis.
* September 9: WWI: The creation of the Canadian Automobile Machine Gun Brigade, the first fully mechanized unit in the British Army
* October 2: William Hearst becomes Premier of Ontario replacing the retiring James Whitney
* October 3: WWI: 33 000 Canadian troops depart for Europe, the largest force to ever cross the Atlantic Ocean at the time.
* December 17: George J. Clark becomes Premier of New Brunswick replacing the retiring James K. Flemming
* All-time high levels of immigration are ended by the war
* Canada suspends the convertibility of the dollar into gold
* Edmonton adopts a new numbered street and avenue pattern
* Ontario passes a worker's compensation act that provides all workers with funding in case of disability
* The "Komagata Maru", a Japanese steamship which sailed from Hong Kong to British Columbia carrying 376 passengers, is turned back from Canada under authority of exclusion laws prohibiting Asian immigrants. Most of the passengers returned to India.

Births

* February 2: Eric Kierans, economist and politician
* March 13: W.O. Mitchell, author
* April 3: Edwin Boyd, bank robber
* April 11: Norman McLaren, animated film director
* April 11: Robert Stanfield, Tory leader
* April 14: Robert Bend, Manitoba politician
* April 18: David Smith, veterinarian
* May 3: Smokey Smith, Victoria Cross recipient
* May 9: Hank Snow, musician
* May 15: J. Angus MacLean, Premier of PEI
* July 1: Stephen Juba, businessman
* July 7: Harry Strom, Premier of Alberta
* July 10: Joe Shuster, artist
* July 19: John Kenneth Macalister, WWII hero
* July 25: Ed Mirvish, businessman
* August 2: Félix Leclerc, writer and musician
* August 14: Francis Lawrence Jobin, Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba
* September 12: Janusz Zurakowski, pilot
* December 10: Frank Thurston, engineer
* December 25: Charles-Noël Barbès, politician
* December 26: Crawford Gordon, businessman
* Hugh LeCaine, instrument designer

Deaths


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