Schokland


Schokland

Infobox World Heritage Site
WHS = Schokland and Surroundings


State Party = NLD
Type = Cultural
Criteria = iii, v
ID = 739
Region = Europe and North America
Year = 1995
Session = 19th
Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/739

Schokland (mun. Noordoostpolder) is a former island in the Dutch Zuiderzee. Schokland lost its status as an island when the Noordoostpolder was reclaimed from the sea in 1942. The remains are still visible as a slightly elevated part in the polder and by the still partly intact retaining wall of the waterfront of 'Middelbuurt'.

As a result from the increasing sea-level Schokland transformed from an attractive settlement area in the Middle Ages to a place under continuous threat by floods in the 19th century. By that time the Schoklanders had retreated to the three most elevated parts, Emmeloord, Molenbuurt, and Middelbuurt. A major flood in 1825 brought massive destruction, and in 1859 the government decided to end permanent settlement on Schokland. The former municipality of Schokland was joined to Kampen on the mainland.

Today Schokland is a popular archeological site and host to the Schokland Museum, it was also the first UNESCO World Heritage Site in The Netherlands.

External links

* [http://www.schokland.nl Schokland]
*
* http://www.unigeo.dk/faglig/semester5/Holland/How-Schokland-came-to-be-as-it-is.doc


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Look at other dictionaries:

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