1804


1804

Year 1804 (MDCCCIV) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1804

January - March


* January 1 - Haiti gains independence from France and becomes the first black republic, having the only successful slave revolt ever.
* February 14 - The First Serbian Uprising begins.
* February 15 - New Jersey becomes the last northern state to abolish slavery.
* February 16 - First Barbary War: Stephen Decatur leads a raid to burn the pirate-held frigate "Philadelphia".
[

February 16: The USS "Philadelphia" burns.]
* February 18 - Ohio University is chartered by the Ohio General Assembly.
* February 21 - The Cornishman Richard Trevithick's newly-built "Penydarren" steam locomotive operates on the Merthyr Tramroad between Penydarren in Merthyr Tydfil and Abercynon in South Wales, following several trials since February 13, the world's first locomotive to work on rails. [cite book|author=Rattenbury, Gordon|coauthors=Lewis, M. J. T.|title=Merthyr Tydfil Tramroads and their Locomotives|year=2004|publisher=Railway & Canal Historical Society|location=Oxford|isbn=0-901461-52-0]
* March 7 - John Wedgwood founds The Royal Horticultural Society.
* March 10 - Louisiana Purchase: In St. Louis, a formal ceremony is conducted to transfer ownership of Louisiana Territory from France to the United States.
* March 20 - The Duc d’Enghien is executed for plotting against Napoleon.
* March 21 - The "Code Napoleon" is adopted as French civil law.
* March 26 - Napoleon Bonaparte I claims the crown at Notre Dame Cathedral.

April - June


* April 2 - Forty merchantmen are wrecked when a convoy led by the HMS "Apollo" runs aground off Portugal.
* April 5 - The first recorded meteorite falls in Possil, Scotland (High Possil Meteorite).
* April 26 - Henry Addington resigns as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
* May 10 - William Pitt the Younger begins his second term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.
* May 14 - The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs from Camp Dubois and begins their historic journey by traveling up the Missouri River.
* May 18 - Napoleon Bonaparte is proclaimed Emperor of the French by the French Senate.
* June 15 - The Twelfth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is ratified by New Hampshire, and arguably becomes effective (subsequently vetoed by the Governor of New Hampshire).

July - September

* July 11 - Alexander Hamilton is shot during a duel with Aaron Burr and dies the next day.
* July 27 - The Twelfth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution ratified by Tennessee, removing doubt surrounding adoption.
* August 20 - Lewis and Clark Expedition: The "Corps of Discovery", whose purpose is to explore the Louisiana Purchase, suffers its only death when Sergeant Charles Floyd dies, apparently from acute appendicitis.
* September 1 - German astronomer K. L. Harding discovers the asteroid Juno.

October - December


*November 20 - Said bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman starts to rule.
* November 30 - The Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Senate begin an impeachment trial against Federalist-partisan Supreme Court of the United States Justice Samuel Chase (he was charged with political bias but was acquitted by the United States Senate of all charges on March 1, 1805).
* December 2 - At Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, Napoleon Bonaparte crowns himself as the first Emperor of the French in a thousand years (the Napoleonic Code is adopted).
* December 3 - Thomas Jefferson defeats Charles C. Pinckney in the U.S. presidential election.
* December 12 - Spain declares war on Britain.

Undated

* Père Lachaise Cemetery a 118 acre (0.5 km²) cemetery in Paris, France is founded.
* Morphine is first isolated from opium by the German pharmacist, Friedrich Sertürner.
* Matthew Flinders recommends that New Holland be renamed "Australia" (from the Latin "australis" meaning "of the south").
* World population reaches 1 billion people.

Ongoing events

* Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815)

Births

January - June


* January 1 - James Fannin, Texas revolutionary (d. 1836)
* January 10 - Elie Frédéric Forey, Marshal of France (d. 1872)
* January 20 - Eugène Sue, French novelist (d. 1857)
* January 21 - Eliza Roxcy Snow, American poet (d. 1887)
* February 7 - John Deere, American industrialist (d. 1886)
* March 8 - Alvan Clark, telescope manufacturer (d. 1887)
* March 14 - Johann Strauss Senior, Austrian composer (d. 1849)
* March 17 - Jim Bridger, American trapper and explorer (d. 1881)
* March 20 - Neal Dow, mayor of Portland and Father of Prohibition (d. 1897)
* April 26 - Charles Goodyear, American politician (d. 1876)
* May 16 - Elizabeth Palmer Peabody, Transcendental Activist, Educator (d. 1894)
* June 1
**Mikhail Glinka, Russian composer (d. 1857)
**George Sand, French writer (d. 1876)
* June 24 - Willard Richards, American religious leader (d. 1854)

July - December


* July 4 - Nathaniel Hawthorne, American writer (d. 1864)
* July 28 - Ludwig Feuerbach, German philosopher (d. 1872)
* September 8 - Eduard Mörike, German poet (d. 1875)
* September 14 - Louis Desiré Maigret, Roman Catholic bishop of Honolulu (d. 1882)
* October 18 - Mongkut, Rama IV, King of Thailand (d. 1868)
* November 18 - Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (d. 1878)
* November 23 - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (d. 1869)
* December 10 - Carl Gustav Jakob Jacobi, German mathematician (d. 1851)
* December 13 - Joseph Howe, Canadian politician (d. 1873)
* December 21 - Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1881)
* December 23 - Charles Augustin Sainte-Beuve, French literary critic (d. 1869)
*"date unknown"
**Andrew Nicholl, Northern Irish painter (d. 1886)
**James Mackay (New Zealand politician)

: "See also ."

Deaths

January - June


*January 4 - Charlotte Ramsey Lennox, British author and poet (b. 1727)
*January 15 - Dru Drury, English entomologist (b. 1725)
*February 6 - Joseph Priestley, English chemist (b. 1733)
*February 12 - Immanuel Kant, German philosopher (b. 1724)
*March 3 - Giovanni Domenico Tiepolo, painter (b. 1727)
*March 21 - Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien (executed) (b. 1772)
*March 30 - Victor-François, 2nd duc de Broglie, Marshal of France (b. 1718)
*April 9 - Jacques Necker, French statesman (b. 1732)
*April 11 - Miklós Küzmics, Hungarian Slovenes writer, catholics priest (b. 1737)
*April 15 - Charles Pichegru, French general (strangled in prison) (b. 1761)

July - December


*July 12 - Alexander Hamilton, American statesman (killed in a duel)
*September 4 - Richard Somers, American naval officer (killed in battle)
*October 2 - Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, French steam vehicle pioneer (b. 1725)
*November 5 - Maria Anna Adamberger, actress (b. 1752)
*November 23 - Richard Graves, English writer (b. 1715)
*December 18 - Jacob ben Wolf Kranz, maggid (b. c. 1740)

: "See also ."

References


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  • 1804 — Années : 1801 1802 1803  1804  1805 1806 1807 Décennies : 1770 1780 1790  1800  1810 1820 1830 Siècles : XVIIIe siècle  XIXe …   Wikipédia en Français

  • 1804 — Portal Geschichte | Portal Biografien | Aktuelle Ereignisse | Jahreskalender ◄ | 18. Jahrhundert | 19. Jahrhundert | 20. Jahrhundert | ► ◄ | 1770er | 1780er | 1790er | 1800er | 1810er | 1820er | 1830er | ► ◄◄ | ◄ | 1800 | 1801 | 1802 | 18 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • 1804 — Años: 1801 1802 1803 – 1804 – 1805 1806 1807 Décadas: Años 1770 Años 1780 Años 1790 – Años 1800 – Años 1810 Años 1820 Años 1830 Siglos: Siglo XVIII – …   Wikipedia Español

  • 1804 — Siglo: Tabla anual siglo XIX (siglo XVIII siglo XIX siglo XX) Década: Años 1770 Años 1780 Años 1790 Años 1800 Años 1810 Años 1820 Años 1830 Años: 1799 1800 1801 1802 1803 1804 1805 1806 1807 1808 1809 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • 1804 — …   Википедия

  • 1804 — Начало войны между Россией и Персией …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1804.04 — Петербургское соглашение о союзе Великобритании и России по антифранцузской коалиции …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

  • 1804.06.05 — (по юлианскому календарю 24 мая) Союз России с Пруссией против Франции …   Хронология всемирной истории: словарь

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