Malik Shah I


Malik Shah I

Jalāl al-Dawlah Mālikshāh or simply Malik Shah (Persian: _fa. ملكشاه, Turkish: "Melikşah") (died 1092) was the Seljuk sultan from 1072 to 1092.

He drove the Byzantine Empire out of most of Anatolia following their defeat by his father Alp Arslan at the Battle of Manzikert in 1071. Likewise, he reformed the calendar with the Jalāli calendar in 1079. Malik Shah expanded Seljuk power into Syria at the expense of the Fatimids of Egypt, setting up client princes in Edessa, Aleppo and Damascus and is remembered as one of the greatest of the Seljuk sultans.

Revolt in Anatolia

Suleyman revolted against Malik Shah I and proclaimed himself the Sultan of Rûm, establishing his capital at Nicaea. Suleyman expanded his realm but was killed near Antioch in 1086 by Tutush I, the Seljuk ruler of Syria. Suleyman's son, Kilij Arslan I, was captured and taken as a hostage by Malik Shah I to Isfahan. It is uncertain whether Tutush killed Suleyman out of loyalty to Malik Shah I or simply for personal gain.

tate Organization

The principal post in the organization was that of the vizier Nizam al-Mulk who served both him and his father and achieved a near mythic stature in contemporary Muslim histories.

Legacy

After his death in 1092, the Seljuk empire dissolved into smaller, warring states, as Malik Shah's brother and four sons quarreled over the apportioning of the empire between themselves. Kilij Arslan I reestablished the Sultanate of Rûm in Anatolia, and Tutush I established himself in Syria. In Persia, Malik Shah was succeeded by his son Mahmud I whose reign was contested by his other three brothers: Barkiyaruq in Iraq, Muhammad I in Baghdad, and Ahmed Sanjar in Khorasan.

The disunity within the Seljuk lands contributed to the success of the First Crusade.


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Malik-Shah I — Malik Shah redirects here. For other uses, see Malik Shah (disambiguation). The Malik Shah I (miniature) Jalāl al Dawlah Malik shāh or simply Malik Shāh (Persian: ملكشاه, Modern Turkish: Melikşah; died 1092) was the Seljuq sultan from 1072 to… …   Wikipedia

  • Malik Shah — (Persian: ملكشاه), also transliterated as Malek Shah, Malikshah or Melikshah, may refer to: Malik Shah I (d. 1092), sultan of Great Seljuq Malik Shah II, grandson of Malik Shah I, sultan of Great Seljuq Malik Shah III, sultan of Great Seljuq… …   Wikipedia

  • Malik Shah — Malik Chah Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Malik Châh, Malik Shâh, Malikshâh est le titre de plusieurs souverains d origine turque. C est l assemblage de deux mots signifiants tous les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malik Shâh — Malik Chah Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Malik Châh, Malik Shâh, Malikshâh est le titre de plusieurs souverains d origine turque. C est l assemblage de deux mots signifiants tous les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • MALIK SHAH — MALIK SH H (1055 1092) sultan seldjoukide (1072 1092) Fils et successeur du sultan saldj kide Alp Arsl n, Malik sh h a régné à partir de 1072 et a bénéficié de l’appui du tout puissant vizir Niz m al Mulk. Bien que la victoire remportée en 1701… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Malik Shah I — El imperio selyúcida‎ en 1092 Yalāl …   Wikipedia Español

  • Malik-Shāh — ▪ Seljuq sultan born Aug. 6/16, 1055 died , November 1092, Baghdad [Iraq]       third and most famous of the Seljuq sultans.       Malik Shāh succeeded his father, Alp Arslan, in 1072 under the tutelage of the great vizier Niẓām al Mulk, who was… …   Universalium

  • Malik-Shah II — Mu izz ad Din Malik Shah II (b.? d.?) Was Seljuq Sultan in Baghdad during 1105. He was the grandson of Malik Shah I, and was theoretically the head of the dynasty, although his relative Ahmed Sanjar in Khorasan probably held more effective power …   Wikipedia

  • Malik Shah I — Yalal ad Din Malik Shah o Malik Shah I: sultán selchuco (1055 1092). Como otros personajes del mundo islámico medieval, ha pasado a la historia con un sobrenombre. En este caso, las dos palabras que lo componen significan rey , la primera en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Malik Shah II. — Mu izz ad Din Malik Shah II. war im Jahr 1105 Sultan der Seldschuken. Er war ein Enkelsohn von Sultan Malik Schah I. Obgleich er der Kopf der Dynastie war, hatte Maliks Sohn Ahmad Sanjar mehr Macht. Vorgänger Barkiyaruk Sultan der Großseldschuken …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.