- Shenyang J-6
name = J-6/F-6
type = Fighter
Shenyang Aircraft Corporation
caption = A J-6 fighter on display at the China Aviation Museum
first flight =
introduced =December 1961
retired = late 1990s (China)
primary user =
People's Liberation Army Air Force
more users =
Pakistani Air Force North Korea Air Force
produced = 1958-1981
number built = 3,000
unit cost =
developed from =
variants with their own articles =
Design and development
still flies for numorious nations.
The J-6 was considered "disposable" and was intended to be operated for only 100 flight hours (or approximately 100
sorties) before being scrapped. The Pakistan Air Forcewas often able to extend this to 130 hours, with diligent maintenance.Yeager, Chuck and Janos, Leo. "Yeager: An Autobiography". Page 396 (paperback). New York: Bantam Books, 1986. ISBN 0-553-25674-2.]
The J-6 still is in service with North Korea, Myanmar (Burma), and Sudan.
Albanian Air ForceJ-6s replaced the J-5 on the border to intercept Yugoslav incursions into Albanian airspace. However, the J-6 was ineffective against the faster Yugoslav MiG-21 'Fishbed'. Once the F-7A became available, the J-6 was redeployed to guard Tirana. As of 2005 all Albainian fighters where grounded due to lack of spare parts.
Pakistani J-6 participated in the Indo-Pak War 1971 against India and scored several aerial victories including two Indian Mig-21, the three squadrons undertook nearly a thousand sorties during the war. [http://www.defencejournal.com/2002/may/salute.htm] PAF lost 4 planes during the war, [ [http://www.pakdef.info/pakmilitary/airforce/war/airloses.html Air Loses of 1971 War] - PakDef] [ [http://www.bharat-rakshak.com/IAF/History/1971War/Appendix3.html AIRCRAFT LOSSES IN PAKISTAN -1971 WAR] - Bharat Rakshak] with one of its pilots
Wajid Ali Khanwho was taken as POW becoming a Member of Parliamentin Canada.
After secretly test flying Pakistani J-6 in
1965, the United Statesconcluded that the MiG-19/J-6 were much more formidable than the MiG-21 'Fishbed', MiG-17 'Fresco' and J-5, because in the subsonic aerial dogfights, the supersonic speed of the MiG-21 was not useful.Fact|date=February 2007 MiG-19/J-6 could accelerate to its top speed that was within this range, and the MiG-19/J-6 more maneuverable than the MiG-21, yet it was slower. While at the same time, it was faster than yet less maneuverable MiG-17/J-5. However, The North Vietnamese did use the MiG-19 and the F-6 during later half or the air war in Vietnam.
Somalian J-6 participated in the
Ogaden Warand suffered greatly because the superior opposition faced (Cuban pilots fought for Ethiopia). Over 75% of the Somali Air Force was destroyed in the war but some J-6s and survived until the country turned into turmoil in the early 1990's.
Uganda-Tanzania War, Tanzanian J-6 was tasked to handle any possible Ugandan fighters which consisted of MiG-15 and MiG-17, while F-7A was tasked to handle more advanced aircraft of Ugandan ally, such as the Libyan Tupolev Tu-22 'Blinder'.
In the era of
Khmer Rougecontrol of Cambodia, Khmer J-6s participated in Kampuchea-Vietnamese border clashes for ground attacks. During the Vietnamese invasion in 1978, none of the Cambodian aircraft dared to take-off to challenge the invading Vietnamese aircraft. The Vietnamese captured a number of J-6s and put them on public display.
The J-6's participation in the
Iran–Iraq Warwere mostly ground attack sorties performed by both Iranian and the Iraqi J-6 units.
The Pakistan Air Force again brought the J-6 into action, ironicallly against its original designers, the Soviet Union, and the jet claimed half a dozen air to air victories. [http://www.acig.org/artman/publish/article_324.shtml]
Six principal variants have been developed in Chinese service:;J-6A (J-6IV):Similar to MiG-19PF, all-weather
radar-equipped interceptor with two 30mm cannon. Exported as the F-6A.;J-6B:Similar to MiG-19PM "Farmer-D", interceptor with two PL-1 (Chinese version of Soviet K-5 (AA-1 'Alkali') beam-riding air-to-air missiles; it is unclear if the J-6B retains its cannon.;J-6C:Day fighter version with three 30mm cannon and braking parachute at the base of the rudder;J-6 Xin:Advanced version of the J-6A with radome on the splitter plate (rather than the shock cone centerbody) for Chinese-made radar.;J-6III:Single-seat day-fighter prototype.;JJ-6:Two-seat trainer, stretched 84 cm (33.1 in) to accommodate second seat, armed with one 30 mm cannon. Exported as FT-6.;JZ-6:Dedicated reconnaissanceversion with fuselage camerapack replacing cannon. As of April 2006, it was reported that the PLAAF 3rd Recon Regiment, 26 Air Division based in Nanjing MR, is the last regiment to actively fly the JZ-6. [http://china-defense.blogspot.com/2006_04_01_china-defense_archive.html] ;J-6 Testbed: Ejection seattestbed that succeeded H-5 ejection seattestbed.;Nanchang Q-5 'Fantan':Extensively redesigned attack aircraftbased on J-6.
There are currently 4 active operators of the Shenyang J-6 out of 15.
People's Liberation Army Air Forceretired J-6 from combat duties at 2005, but still uses it for training missions, but due to the age of the planes airframes, only a very few are still airworthy. All JJ-6s will be replaced by Jl-8.;IRN
Islamic Republic of Iran Air Forceoperates 18 aircraft.;MYA
Myanmar Air ForceJ-6s were better suited for ground attack missions than F-7B and were used with relative success.;PRK
North Korea Air Forceoperates 100 aircraft.
Albanian Air ForceJ-6s was considered the backbone of the National Air component. Since 2005, around 82 Shenyang J-6C are grounded and retired from active service.;BAN
Bangladesh Air Forceretired J-6 aircraft.;CAM
Cambodian Air Force;EGY
Egyptian Air Forceno longer in service. replaced by F-16.;flag|Iraq|1963
Iraqi Air Forceretired J-6 aircraft.;PAK
Pakistan Air Forceretired J-6 aircraft.;SOM
* Somali Air Force;SUD
Sudanese Air ForceJ-6s were better suited for ground attack missions than F-7B and were used with limited success.;TAN
Tanzanian Air Force;VNM
Vietnam People's Air Force;ZIM
Zimbabwe Air ForceJ-6s were initially piloted by the Pakistani pilots.
The J-6 has a maximum speed at altitude of 1,540 km/h (960 mph), Mach 1.45. Service ceiling is 17,900 m (58,700 ft). Combat radius with two drop tanks is about 640 km (400 mi). Powerplant is two Liming Wopen-6A (Tumansky R-9) turbojet engines. In addition to the internal cannon armament, most have provision for four wing pylons for up to 250 kg (550 lb) each, with a maximum ordnance load of 500 kg (1,100 lb). Typical stores include unguided bombs, 55 mm rocket pods, or PL-2/PL-5 (Chinese versions of Soviet K-13 (NATO AA-2 'Atoll') air-to-air missiles.
* [http://www.airforceworld.com/pla/j6.htm Shenyang J-6 fighter photo collection and introduction in Chinese]
List of fighter aircraft
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