- State park
State Park is a term used in the
United Statesand in Mexicofor an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreation, or other reason, and under the administration of the government of a U.S. stateor one of the states of Mexico. State parks are protected areaof IUCNcategory II. The term is also used in Australia, though the distinction beteween state and national parks there is different.
State parks are thus similar to
national parks, but under state rather than federal administration. Similarly, local governmententities below state level may maintain parks, e.g. regional parks or county parks. In general, state parks are smaller than national parks, with a few exceptions such as the Adirondack Parkin New York.
In Australia, both state and national parks are under the administration of state governments, because the first national parks predate the
federation of Australia. State parks have a lesser degree of significance and protection (for instance, they are frequently logged).
In the United States, state parks have an older history than national parks. In 1864, when the federal government saw the need to protect the
Yosemite Valleyand Mariposa Grove, Abraham Lincoln ceded the land to California as a state park. This was because, at the time, preservation of land for the public was seen as a proper role for the states rather than the federal government. Later the state park was incorporated into Yosemite National Park. Perhaps the oldest state park is Georgia's Indian Springs State Park. [cite web| url=http://gastateparks.org/info/indspr/| title=Indian Springs State Park| author=Georgia Department of Natural Resources| accessmonthday=July 27 | accessyear=2006| ] Since around 1825, Indian Springs has been operated continuously by the state as a public park, although it did not gain the title "State Park" until 1931. In 1893 Pennsylvania operated Valley Forge as a state-owned park. The first state park with the designation of "state park" was Mackinac Island State Park when Mackinac National Park, the nation's second park created in 1875, was transferred from federal control to the State of Michigan in 1895. Many state park systems date to the 1930s, when dozens of state parks across the country were established with assistance from the Civilian Conservation Corps.
Similar systems of local government maintained parks exist in other countries, but the terminology varies. There are approximately 3,675 state parks in the United States.
List of U.S. state parks
List of state parks of Mexico
National Association of State Park Directors
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
state park — n a large park owned and managed by a US state, often in an area of natural beauty … Dictionary of contemporary English
State Park — Ein State Park (wörtliche deutsche Übersetzung Staatspark, span. Parque Estado) bezeichnet in den Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika sowie denen von Mexiko natur und denkmalschutzbedürftigen Gebiete, die von den Regierungen der einzelnen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
state park — /steɪt ˈpak/ (say stayt pahk) noun 1. (in Victoria) an area with significant natural features typifying one or more land types of the state, preserved and managed by the state government and able to be visited by the general public. 2. (in NSW)… … Australian English dictionary
state park — noun (C) a large park owned and managed by a US state, often in an area of natural beauty … Longman dictionary of contemporary English
state park — noun, pl ⋯ parks [count] : an area of land that is owned and protected by a U.S. state because of its natural beauty or its importance in history … Useful english dictionary
State Forest State Park — State Forest State Park … Wikipedia
Custer State Park — ▪ park, South Dakota, United States varied region of prairies and rugged mountains in the Black Hills of southwestern South Dakota, U.S. With an area of 114 square miles (295 square km), it is among the largest state parks in the continental… … Universalium
Anza-Borrego Desert State Park — ▪ park, California, United States large desert recreational area in southern California, U.S., lying east of San Diego, south of Palm Springs, and west of the Salton Sea. Encompassing more than 935 square miles (2,420 square km) of the… … Universalium
Sam A. Baker State Park — park offers access to the St. Francois River and Big Creek, camping, hiking, dining, and lodging.The park was acquired in 1926.ee also*List of Missouri state parksExternal links* [http://mostateparks.com/baker.htm Sam A. Baker State Park] … Wikipedia
Cherry Springs State Park — Coordinates: 41°39′46″N 77°49′23″W / 41.66278°N 77.82306°W / 41.66278; 77.82306 … Wikipedia