Wareham, Dorset


Wareham, Dorset

infobox UK place

country = England
official_name= Wareham
latitude= 50.685
longitude= -2.108
map_type=Dorset
civil_parish=Wareham Town
civil_parish1=Wareham St. Martin
population = 5,665 (Town parish)
8,417 (both parishes)
shire_district= Purbeck
shire_county= Dorset
region= South West England

constituency_westminster=Mid Dorset and North Poole
post_town= Wareham
postcode_district = BH20
postcode_area= BH
dial_code= 01929
os_grid_reference= SY923873

Wareham is a historic market town and, under the name Wareham Town, a civil parish, in the English county of Dorset. The town is situated on the River Frome eight miles (13 km) south west of Poole.

ituation and geography

The town is built on a strategic dry point between the River Frome and the River Piddle at the head of the Wareham Channel of Poole Harbour. The Frome valley runs through an area of unresistant sand, clay and gravel rocks, and much of its valley has wide flood plains and marsh land. At its estuary the river has formed the wide shallow ria of Poole Harbour. Wareham is built on a low dry island between the marshy river plains.

The town is situated on the A351 Poole-Swanage road and at the eastern terminus of the A352 road to Dorchester and Sherborne, both roads now bypassing the town centre. The town has a station on the South Western Main Line railway, and was formerly the junction station for services along the branch line to Swanage, now preserved as the Swanage Railway. The Steam Railway has ambitions to extend its service, currently from Swanage to Norden, near Corfe Castle back to Worgret Junction (where the mainline and branch divided) and into Wareham again.

To the north-west of the town a large conifer plantation, Wareham Forest stretches several miles to the A35 road and the southern foothills of the Dorset Downs. To the south east is Corfe Castle and the heathland that borders Poole Harbour, including Wytch Farm oil field and Studland & Godlingstone Heath Nature Reserve. Five miles (8 km) to the south is a Chalk ridge, the Purbeck Hills, and ten miles (16 km) to the south is the English Channel.

History

The town's strategic setting has made it an important settlement throughout its long history. The older streets in the town follow a Roman grid pattern, though the current town was founded by the Saxons. The town's oldest features are the town Walls, ancient earth ramparts surrounding the town, which were built by Alfred the Great in the 9th century to defend the town from Norsemen. The town was a Saxon royal burial place, notably that of King Beorhtric (800 CE); also in the town is the coffin of Edward the Martyr, dating from 978, his remains now to be found in Shaftesbury Abbey in north Dorset. The River Frome serves as a small harbour and the town was a port in centuries when boats were smaller and before the river silted up.

After the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685, Wareham was one of a number of towns in Dorset where Judge Jeffreys held the Bloody Assizes, with traitors being hanged from the town walls.

In 1762 a fire destroyed two thirds of the town, which has been rebuilt in Georgian architecture with red brick and Purbeck limestone, following the Roman street pattern. The town is divided into four quarters by the two main roads, which cross at right-angles. The medieval Almshouses escaped the fire, and some of the Georgian facades are in fact disguising earlier buildings which also survived. Because of the constraints of the rivers and marshland Wareham grew little during the 20th century, while nearby towns, such as Poole, grew rapidly.

In the Anglo-Saxon St Martin's Church, there is a recumbent effigy of T. E. Lawrence (Lawrence of Arabia) in Arab clothing. He is buried at Moreton churchyard where every year a quantity (decreases by one each year) of red roses are left. Near the town is Clouds Hill and Bovington army camp where Lawrence died after a motorcycle accident.

Wareham Town Museum, in East Street, has an interesting section on T. E. Lawrence and in 2006 produced an hour long DVD entitled "T. E. Lawrence - His Final Years in Dorset", including a reconstruction of the fatal accident. The Museum also contains many artefacts on all aspects of the history of the town.

Since the 15th century Wareham has been a market town, and still holds a market on Thursdays and Saturdays.

Government

The civil parish of Wareham Town encompasses the walled town of Wareham, situated on the land between the Rivers Frome and Piddle, together with the area of Northport to the north of the River Piddle, and a relatively small amount of the surrounding rural area. The parish has an area of 6.52 square kilometres and, at the time of the 2001 census, it had a population of 5,665 living in 2,642 dwellings.cite web | title = Wareham Town - Dorset For You | url = http://www.dorsetforyou.com/index.jsp?articleid=324168 | publisher = Dorset For You Partnership | accessdate = 2007-08-12] cite book | title = OS Explorer Map OL15 - Purbeck & South Dorset | publisher = Ordnance Survey | year = 2006 | isbn = 978-0-319-23865-3 ] cite web | url = http://www.purbeck.gov.uk/pdf/Parish%20Statistics1.pdf | title = Parish Statistics | publisher = Purbeck District Council | date = 2007-01-11 | accessdate = 2007-08-12]

The sister civil parish of Wareham St. Martin covers much of the rural area to the north of Wareham, including the village of Sandford. Taken together the two Wareham parishes have an area of 36.18 square kilometres, with a 2001 population of 8,417 in 3,788 dwellings.

Both parishes forms part of the Purbeck local government district within the county of Dorset. They are within the Mid Dorset and North Poole constituency of the House of Commons and the South West England constituency of the European Parliament.cite book | title = OS Explorer Map OL15 - Purbeck & South Dorset | publisher = Ordnance Survey | year = 2006 | isbn = 978-0-319-23865-3 ]

References

External links

* [http://www1.dorsetcc.gov.uk/LIVING/FACTS/Census2001.nsf/6cadf4da179fc19500256663004afece/30a70bdf84ea7e7380256ec5004f3f0f?OpenDocument Census data]
* [http://www.wtm.org.uk Wareham Town Museum]
* [http://www.viewscenes.co.uk Images of Wareham and Dorset]

References

* Pitt Rivers, Michael, 1970. "Dorset". London: Faber & Faber.


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