1811


1811

Year 1811 (MDCCCXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar).

Events of 1811

January - March


* January 3 - An unsuccessful slave revolt is led by Charles Deslandes in St. Charles and St. James, Louisiana.
* January 22 - The " [http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/CC/jcc2.html Casas Revolt] " begins in San Antonio, Texas.
* February 5 - British Regency: George, Prince of Wales becomes Prince Regent because of the perceived insanity of his father, King George III of the United Kingdom.
* March 1 - Citadel Massacre: Egyptian ruler Mohammed Ali kills the last Mamluk leaders.
* March 13 - Battle of Lissa (1811): The British fleet defeats the French.
* March 22 - The Commissioners' Plan of 1811 for Manhattan is presented.
* March 25 - The Great Comet of 1811 is discovered by Honoré Flaugergues.
* March 27 - Battle of Anholt: The British navy defeats Denmark.

April - June


* April 5- April 6 - Revolutionary riots occur in Buenos Aires.
* May 14 - Paraguay declares independence from Spain.
* May 16 - Battle of Albuera: Spain, Portugal and Great Britain defeat the French.
* June 9 - The Great fire of the Podil breaks out in Kiev, Ukraine.

July - September


* July 5 - Venezuela declares its independence from Spain.
* July 11 - Italian scientist Amedeo Avogadro publishes his memoire about the molecular content of gases.
* September - Nathan of Breslov leads the first annual Rosh Hashana kibbutz (pilgrimage) of Breslov Hasidim to the grave of Rabbi Nachman of Breslov in Uman, Ukraine.

October - December


* October 11 - Inventor John Stevens' boat, the "Juliana", begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, New York, and Hoboken, New Jersey).
* November - Luddite uprisings begin in northern England and the Midlands.
* November 6 - Battle of Tippecanoe: American troops led by William Henry Harrison defeat the Native American chief Tecumseh.
* December 16 - The New Madrid earthquake in Mississippi Valley near New Madrid reverses the course of the river for a while. Other earthquakes along the fault occur on January 23, 1812 and February 7, 1812.

Ongoing events

* Argentine War of Independence (1810-1818)
* Black War (1804-1835)
* Bolivian Independence War (1809-1824)
* Gunboat War (1807-1814)
* Mtetwa Empire Expansion
* Napoleonic Wars (1799-1815) - Peninsular War
* Russo-Persian War (1804-1813)
* Russo-Turkish War, 1806-1812

Births

January - June


* January 9 - Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
* January 17 - Joshua Abraham Norton, self-declared Emperor Norton I of the United States (d. 1880)
* February 3 - Horace Greeley, American journalist, editor, and publisher (d. 1872)
* February 6 - Henry George Liddell, English clergyman (d. 1898)
* March 20 - Napoleon II of France (d. 1832)
* March 21 - Nathaniel Woodard, English eeducationalist (d. 1891)
* March 30 - Robert Bunsen, German chemist and inventor (d. 1899)
* May 11
**Chang and Eng Bunker, Siamese twins and sideshow performers
**Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
* June 14 - Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (d. 1896)

July - December


* July 18 - William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (d. 1863)
* August 31 - Theophile Gautier, French writer (d. 1872)
* September 19 - Orson Pratt, American religious leader (d. 1881)
* October 22 - Franz Liszt, Hungarian composer and pianist (d. 1886)
* October 25 - Évariste Galois, French mathematician (d. 1832)
* October 27 - Stevens Thomson Mason, first governor of Michigan (d. 1843)
* November 21
**Zeng Guofan, Chinese official and military leader (d. 1872)
**Ludwig Preiss, Botanical collector (d. 1883)
* November 24 - Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1890)
* December 21 - Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (d. 1882)
*"date unknown"
**Mohammad Afzal Khan, Emir of Kabul, Emir of Kandahar (d. 1867)

Deaths

January - June


* January 10 - Marie-Joseph Chénier, French poet (b. 1764)
* February 26 - Mateo de Toro Zambrano y Ureta, Governor of Chile (b. 1727)
* March 14 - Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1735)
* April 7 - Garsevan Chavchavadze, Georgian diplomat and politician (b. 1757)
* May 4 - Nikolay Kamensky, Russian general (b. 1776)
* May 28 - Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, British minister (b. 1742)
* June 26 - Ignacio Allende, captain of the Spanish Army in Mexico

July - December


* July 30 - Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Mexican revolutionary (b. 1753)
* August - William Williams, signer of the Declaration of Independence (b. 1731)
* August 20 - Louis Antoine de Bougainville, French navigator and military commander (b. 1729)
* September - Ulrich Jasper Seetzen, explorer (b. 1767)
* September 8 - Peter Simon Pallas, German zoologist (b. 1741)
* October 11 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
* November 18 - Adam Weishaupt, German founder of the Illuminati (b. 1748)
* November 21 - Heinrich von Kleist, German writer (suicide) (b. 1777)
* November 27 - Andrew Meikle, English engineer (b. 1719)


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