Saint Nicholas Avenue (Manhattan)


Saint Nicholas Avenue (Manhattan)

Saint Nicholas Avenue is a major New York City street. It runs north-south between 193rd Street and 111th Streets in the New York City borough of Manhattan. It goes through the neighborhoods of Washington Heights and Harlem.

North of 169th Street, St. Nicholas Avenue is aligned with the street grid, with Wadsworth Avenue one block west (north of 174th Street) and Audubon Avenue. The intersection of St. Nicholas with Broadway at 167th Street forms Mitchell Square Park. Below 169th Street, St. Nicholas Avenue cuts at a diagonal to much of the Manhattan street grid, crossing Amsterdam Avenue at 162nd Street and continuing against the grain to West 148th Street. Below 148th, St. Nicholas returns to a rough parallel track, with Convent Avenue one block west and Edgecombe Avenue, down to 124th Street. Below 124th, St, Nicholas Avenue takes a sharp diagonal, crossing Frederick Douglass Boulevard at 121st Street, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. Boulevard at 116th Street, ending at Lenox Avenue, just north of Central Park. Its 17th century origin as part of Eastern Post Road accounts for its non conformance to the later grid.

St. Nicholas Avenue serves as a border between the West Side of Harlem and Central Harlem. Although Harlem in a broad sense spans from the East River to the Hudson River, the area west of St. Nicholas Avenue is not always counted as part of Harlem.

In 2000, Mayor Rudolph Giuliani signed a bill adding the name "Juan Pablo Duarte Boulevard" to St. Nicholas Avenue for the stretch from Amsterdam Avenue and West 162nd Street to the intersection of West 193rd Street and Fort George Hill. The added name was in honor of Juan Pablo Duarte, one of the founding fathers of the Dominican Republic [ [http://www.nyc.gov/html/om/html/2000a/pr062-00.html MAYOR GIULIANI SIGNS BILL THAT NAMES SECTION OF ST. NICHOLAS AVENUE IN HONOR OF JUAN PABLO DUARTE] , press release dated February 22, 2000] . This honor may be in jeopardy however, as claims of Juan Pablo Duarte's racism toward Black people and Jews have been made. [http://www.eldiariony.com/noticias/detail.aspx?section=17&&id=1707488] [http://www.primicias.com.do/articulo,5408,html] A request has been placed to remove Duartes name from the avenue and replace it with Luperon. The claims about Duarte have been challenged. [Mindlin, Alex. [http://www.nytimes.com/2007/09/02/nyregion/thecity/02flie.html?ex=1346385600&en=1452bbfae160ddd9&ei=5090&partner=rssuserland&emc=rss "A Slap in the Face of a Dominican Hero"] , "The New York Times", September 2, 2007.]

References


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