Battle of Solway Moss


Battle of Solway Moss

Infobox Military Conflict
conflict=Battle of Solway Moss


caption=
partof=Anglo-Scottish Wars
date=November 24 1542
place=Solway Moss
result=Decisive English Victory
combatant1=Kingdom of Scotland
combatant2=Kingdom of England
commander1=Robert, Lord Maxwell,
Sir Oliver Sinclair de PitcairnsPOW
commander2=Sir Thomas Wharton
strength1=15,000 - 18,000
strength2=3,000
casualties1=few killed
1,200 Prisoners
casualties2=|
The Battle of Solway Moss took place on Solway Moss near the River Esk in the Scottish Borders in November 1542 between forces from England and Scotland . When Henry VIII of England broke from the Roman Catholic Church, he asked James V of Scotland, his nephew, to do the same. James ignored his uncle's request, and further insulted him by refusing to meet with Henry at York. Furious, Henry VIII sent troops against Scotland. In retaliation for the massive English raid into Scotland, James responded by assigning Robert, Lord Maxwell, the Scottish Warden of West March, the task of raising an army. [Phillips, p. 150]

On November 24 1542, an army of 15,000-18,000 Scots advanced south. Maxwell, though never officially designated commander of the force, declared he would lead the attack in person. However, he fell sick, never reaching the scene of the battle.Fact|date=November 2007

The Scots advance was met at Solway Moss by Sir Thomas Wharton and his 3,000 men. With the earlier loss of Maxwell, Sir Oliver Sinclair de Pitcairns, James V's favourite, declared himself to be James's chosen commander. Unfortunately, the other commanders refused to accept his command and the command structure totally disintegrated. [Phillips, p. 151]

The battle (better described as a rout) was uncoordinated and resulted in few deaths ["perhaps only seven Englishmen and twenty Scots (not counting those drowned)", Phillips, p. 153] , but the English captured twelve hundred prisoners, including Sinclair and the Earls of Cassill and Glencairn. [Phillips, p. 153]

James, who was not present at the battle (he remained at Lochmaben), withdrew to Falkland Palace humiliated and ill with fever. He died there two weeks later at the age of thirty. He left behind a six-day-old daughter, Mary, Queen of Scots.

Notes

External links

* [http://www.everything2.com/index.pl?node_id=1764167 Battle of Solway Moss@Everything2]

References

*Phillips, Gervase, "The Anglo-Scots Wars, 1513-1550", Boydell Press, 1999, ISBN 0-851157467


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Solway Moss — is a moss (lowland peat bog), in Cumbria, England near the Scottish border. As of 2005, the moss is the subject of a campaign by organisations including the RSPB and Friends of the Earth to get the area declared a Special Area of Conservation in… …   Wikipedia

  • Bataille de Solway Moss — 55° 00′ 40″ N 3° 01′ 33″ W / 55.01122, 3.02574 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Solway — Places= *Solway Firth the inlet between the north west of England and southern Scotland. *Solway Moss site of the 1542 Battle of Solway Moss between England and Scotland. *Solway, Minnesota, USA. *Solway Plain stretches from the edge of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Haddon Rig — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Haddon Rig caption= partof=Anglo Scottish Wars date=August 241542 place=Teviotdale result=Significant Scottish Victory combatant1=Kingdom of Scotland combatant2=Kingdom of England commander1=George… …   Wikipedia

  • Battle of Ancrum Moor — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Ancrum Moor caption= partof=Anglo Scottish Wars date=February 27 1545 place=4 miles northwest of Jedburgh, Scotland result=Decisive Scottish Victory combatant1=Scots combatant2=English commander1=James …   Wikipedia

  • Oliver Sinclair — de Pitcairnis (died 1576?), (or St Clair), was a favourite courtier of James V of Scotland. A contemporary story tells that James V gave him the battle standard and command at the Battle of Solway Moss. Another story tells how at the end his life …   Wikipedia

  • The Rough Wooing — was a term coined by Sir Walter Scott and H. E. Marshall to describe the Anglo Scottish war pursued intermittently from 1544 to 1551. It followed from the failure of the Scots to honour the terms of the 1543 Treaty of Greenwich, by which the… …   Wikipedia

  • James V of Scotland — James V Anonymous portrait of James V, probably contemporary King of Scots Reign 9 September 1513 – 14 December 1542 Coronation …   Wikipedia

  • Scots' Dike — The Scots Dike or dyke is a three and a half mile / 5.25 km long linear earthwork, constructed by the English and the Scots in the year 1552Mack, James Logan (1926). The Border Line. Pub. Oliver Boyd. P. 94.] to mark the division of the Debatable …   Wikipedia

  • History of Scotland — The history of Scotland begins around 10,000 years ago, when humans first began to inhabit Scotland after the end of the Devensian glaciation, the last ice age. Of the Stone Age, Bronze Age, and Iron Age civilization that existed in the country,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.