Marie Ljalková


Marie Ljalková
Marie Ljalková
Born December 3, 1920(1920-12-03)
Horodenka, Poland
Died November 7, 2011(2011-11-07) (aged 90)
Allegiance  Soviet Union
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Years of service 1942–1953
Rank Colonel
Unit First Czechoslovak Independent Field Battalion
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Order of the Red Star
Czechoslovakian War Cross
Order of the White Lion

Marie Ljalková-Lastovecká (3 December 1920 – 7 November 2011) was a Czech sniper in the Soviet Army during World War II. Ljalková (born Petrušáková) was born in Horodenka, Poland (today in Ukraine) to a family of Volhynian Czechs. She lost her parents at the age of 12; afterwards she lived with her aunt in Stanisławow (today Ivano-Frankivs'k, Ukraine). She met her first husband, Michal Ljalko, there.

Contents

World War II

After the Nazi attack on the USSR, Ljalková joined the First Czechoslovak Independent Field Battalion as a volunteer in March 1942, aged 21, and graduated from a three-month sniper school in Buzuluk.

Her first combat experience came during the three-day Battle of Sokolovo (March 8–11, 1943) when she was credited with killing seven German soldiers, earning her immediate ace status. She later became a sniper instructor of the Czechoslovak and Soviet infantry, and was at some point an ambulance driver.

Awards

She was credited with at least 30 confirmed kills during the war,[1] and earned recognition with the Soviet Order of the Red Star and the Czechoslovak War Cross.

After World War II

After the war, she studied medicine, and worked as a military doctor in Olomouc and in the Central Military Hospital in Prague. After that she was moved to Brno hospital where she met her second husband, Václav Lastovecký. She eventually attained the rank of colonel, but due to health problems she left the Army and started to work as a tourist guide for Russian speaking tourists. She spent the rest of her life in Brno.[2]

On October 28. 2010 she received the Order of the White Lion II. class, Czech second highest medal.[3]

References

Notes

  1. ^ Benešová 2009. This number is not exact according to Ljalková's own words, because the real numbers are not known.
  2. ^ Jičínská 2008
  3. ^ hrad.cz 2010

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